Enrique Fárez es:   Presidente de Grupo ICC SL y responsable de internacionalización de MMI    Media Monitor Internaciona...
Parte 1              ideas clave sobre las     herramientas multiplataforma      para desarrolladores móviles¡!           ...
Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 1    Las herramientas multiplataforma están suponiendo una auténtica ...
Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 2    Las herramientas multiplataforma allanan el campo de juego y hac...
Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 3    Las herramientas multiplataforma superan la frontera de los “ear...
Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 4    Las herramientas multiplataforma están llevando el HTML más lejo...
Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 5    Las apps híbridas combinan lo mejor de los dos mundos: desarroll...
Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 6    Las capacidades y prestaciones de las herramientas multiplatafor...
Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 7    Las herramientas multiplataforma variarán si diferenciación comp...
Parte 2     Análisis de herramientas       y servicios online para        el desarrollo de Apps¿?
Herramientas multiplataforma y curva de aprendizaje Uno de los criterios utilizados en el documento “Cross-Platform Develo...
Herramientas multiplataforma: características destacadas    Plataforma              (1-5) Curva de                        ...
1. Adobe   Flex   14
1. Adobe   Flex                  15
1. Adobe   Flex                  16
1. Adobe Flex                17
2. Appcelerator   18
2. Appcelerator                  19
2. Appcelerator                  20
2. Appcelerator                  21
3. Corona   22
3. Corona            23
3. Corona            24
3. Corona            25
4. MonoTouch   / Droid   26
4. MonoTouch /   Droid                         27
4. MonoTouch /   Droid                         28
4. MonoTouch /   Droid                         29
5. RunRev   LiveCode   30
5. RunRev LiveCode                     31
5. RunRev LiveCode                     32
5. RunRev LiveCode                     33
6. jQuery   Mobile   34
Herramientas multiplataforma para desarrollo de aplicaciones para móvil
Herramientas multiplataforma para desarrollo de aplicaciones para móvil
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Herramientas multiplataforma para desarrollo de aplicaciones para móvil

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Herramientas multiplataforma para desarrollo de aplicaciones para móvil.

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Herramientas multiplataforma para desarrollo de aplicaciones para móvil

  1. 1. Enrique Fárez es: Presidente de Grupo ICC SL y responsable de internacionalización de MMI Media Monitor Internacional, empresa de base tecnológica destacada por ICEX como caso de éxito de exportación en España. Es socio director de Digital de Avisos SL, donde trabaja en la internacionalización de la empresa, en el contexto del Grupo de Comunicación Diario de Avisos. Dirige la internacionalización de las dos empresas donde es business angel: Subbabel (subtitulado, traducción, accesibilidad audiovisual) y Sunchun (fábrica de dibujos, regalo, merchandising). Ha participado en el Programa de Impulso de la Franquicia Española de la Fundación Incyde de las Cámaras de Comercio de España y en el programa PipeNet para la internacionalización de empresas de base tecnológica. Ha participado en dos ocasiones en el programa Pipe de ICEX y en seis proyectos de cooperación transnacional (Programa Marco, Mac, Poctefex), con socios en Alemania, Bulgaria, Madeira, Azores y Marruecos. Jefe de fila del proyecto Atlante Media, consistente en la digitalización de periódicos en Marruecos, Mauritania, Senegal y Cabo Verde. Autor del libro “Empresas de Éxito en Canarias. Vol. 1: 50 casos de Gran Canaria” (2011, de venta en Amazon Kindle). 2
  2. 2. Parte 1 ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma para desarrolladores móviles¡! Extraído del documento: “Cross-Platform Developer Tools 2012 Bridging the worlds of mobile apps and the web”
  3. 3. Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 1 Las herramientas multiplataforma están suponiendo una auténtica transformación para los desarrolladores “Cross-platform tools (CPTs) allow developers to create applications for multiple platforms - usually mobile, but increasingly tablets or TV screens - from almost the same codebase or from within the same design tool. CPTs reduce the cost of platform fragmentation and allow developers to target new platforms at a small incremental cost. More importantly, cross-platform tools allow software companies targeting multiple platforms to reuse developer skills, share codebases, synchronise releases and reduce support costs.” PhoneGap y Sencha son las primeras herramientas en la mente de los desarrolladores “Our survey of over 2,400 developers revealed that PhoneGap and Sencha lead in terms of mindshare, as they are currently used by 32% and 30% of cross-platform developers, irrespective of their primary tools. Completing the top-5 ranking of our Mindshare Index are Xamarin’s MonoTouch / Mono for Android, Appcelerator and Adobe (Flex). The second half of the top-10 CPTs in terms of current use are Unity, Corona, AppMobi, RunRev and MoSync.” PhoneGap, Mono y Unity lideran las intenciones de nueva adopción de herramientas por parte de los desarrolladores “Our survey indicates that PhoneGap (23%), Xamarin Mono (22%) and Unity (22%) are the tools most developers plan to adopt, irrespective of their primary tool. This market is in constant flux, with developers experimenting and trying out new tools – for example PhoneGap is a stepping stone to cross-platform development as it leads Mindshare, IntentShare, but also comes third in the tools being abandoned. The most widely used CPT accounts for just half of the Mindshare seen in the iOS and Android platforms in our Developer Economics 2011 report.” 4
  4. 4. Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 2 Las herramientas multiplataforma allanan el campo de juego y hacen más accesible el desarrollo de apps “Just as the Apple/Google duopoly began to look impenetrable in 2011, a major disruption is flattening the playing field for competitors like Microsofts WP7, RIM’s BlackBerry OS and Samsungs Bada: cross-platform tools are letting developers target multiple platforms with low incremental costs and high levels of code reuse.2 Las herramientas multiplataforma transforman el duopolio Apple/Google “2012 marks an inflexion point in the war of mobile ecosystems where the network effects built by Apple and Google are being challenged by an unsuspected new entrant. Cross-platform tools (CPTs) make it easier for example for an iPhone developer to reach Android and Windows Phone 7 users. CPTs dilute network effects by allowing other ecosystems to compete not just in terms of the number of apps listed, but also the availability of top apps, the time-tomarket (an app rarely appears at the same time across all platform app stores) and the overall app quality.” La democratización del desarrollo, ahora accesible con menos conocimientos de programación “The dozens of CPTs available cater to every developer segment, from creative designers to C++ gurus to hobbyist website enthusiasts to Fortune-500 CIOs. Cross-platform tools reduce barriers to entry and democratise app development, by allowing developers from any language (HTML, Java, C++), any background (hobbyist, pros, agencies, corporates) and any skill level (visual designer to hard-core developer) to build mobile apps. The result could be termed a “democratisation” of software development (in the words of Unity’s Dan Adams), in that mobile platforms may be opened up to all types of developers.” 5
  5. 5. Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 3 Las herramientas multiplataforma superan la frontera de los “early-adopters” “We have identified over 100 cross-platform developer tools, in a market that’s booming with new players in 2011. Cross-platform tools have passed the “early adopter” phase, and are now moving into mainstream. For example vendor Sencha counts 1.6 million SDK downloads, Corona apps have reportedly been downloaded 35 million times in 2011, Unity reports 200,000 developers active each month, while Appcelerator boasts 35,000 apps published using the tool and deployed on 40 million devices.” Fusiones, financiación y la supervivencia de las plataformas y herramientas más fuertes “Since 2011, cross-platform tool vendors have raised major VC funding, have been acquired, or achieved major releases. In the CPT space we have tracked 10 acquisitions, and over US$ 200 million in funding rounds. This is a market that takes cash to survive: CPT vendors are subsidizing their entry to market with free products, based on ample VC funding. For example OpenPlug ceased operations as it failed to find a monetisation model, with its key challenge being the conversion of freemium users into paying customers for its support and professional services. CPT vendors without a compelling free product will be washed out by the competition.” Abundante volatilidad de los desarrolladores que migran de una herramienta a otra “The cross-platform tools market is in a state of abundant developer volatility. Our survey revealed that developers are hoping on and off across different tools. There are clear market winners or losers and experimentation is the only means of tool selection. This is a market where there is little developer loyalty, and perceptions are still being formed. This is a great time for well-funded vendors to establish a beachhead of developer marketing and inch themselves apart in terms of mindshare.” 6
  6. 6. Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 4 Las herramientas multiplataforma están llevando el HTML más lejos de lo que pueden hacerlo los navegadores “The purpose of HTML5 has been to extend the capabilities of web apps (those developed using HTML and JavaScript) to more Closely match the capabilities of native apps. Despite performance disadvantages and fragmentation across different browser versions, HTML5 has emerged as the most widely supported authoring technology for cross-platform apps. Cross-platform tools are taking HTML further than web browsers can, by allowing web developers to create native smartphone apps. In other words, CPTs are taking HTML5 much further by unifying the authoring side- rather than the runtime side - of the app across platforms.” Las herramientas multiplataforma han desencadenado la entrada de desarrolladores procedentes del desarrollo web al móvil “CPTs are paving the way for HTML5 to become not a platform, but the mainstream development technology for smartphone apps. Cross-platform tools are already triggering an influx of web developers; We found that 60% of CPT users, irrespective of their primary tool, have more than five years experience in web development. Indeed, cross-platform tools have triggered an influx of web developers into mobile.” Las herramientas multiplataforma complementan, no compiten con el desarrollo nativo “Android and Windows Phone have been constantly evolving, adding hundreds of new APIs from each major version to the next. Due to the rapid advancement of platforms, tools vendors will always be one or two steps behind in terms of features and access to the complete set of device capabilities. Developers that create demanding applications like 3D games or apps requiring intense user interaction, exceptionally deep user experience, or apps relying on specific features not available on all platforms will need to be developed using the native SDK. Cross-platform tools will therefore be complementary to native SDKs.” 7
  7. 7. Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 5 Las apps híbridas combinan lo mejor de los dos mundos: desarrollo móvil basado en navegador y aplicaciones nativas “The perennial question for many developers is whether to use a web-browser approach to deploying mobile apps, or whether to create native applications. Web apps provide a large addressable market, at the cost of web-only distribution and a comparatively shallow experience. Native apps allow for much deeper device integration and experiences, but at the cost of a platform-specific addressable market. Hybrid apps – like those created with PhoneGap – can combine the best of both worlds. Hybrid apps can use web languages, can be distributed through an app stores and can provide deeper experiences than web-only apps.” El acceso a plataformas complementarias es la principal motivación de adopción de las herramientas multiplataforma “The most important CPT selection criterion for developers is the breadth of platforms that the tool supports, cited by nearly 60% of respondents. The ability to tap into existing developer skills is the second most important reason for tool selection.” La monetización es el criterio menos importante “What’s notable is that monetisation opportunities are the least important selection criterion. It is therefore evident that developers consider CPTs as a technical means to cross-platform portability, and not as a way to profit.” 8
  8. 8. Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 6 Las capacidades y prestaciones de las herramientas multiplataforma, por debajo de las aplicaciones nativas, son su principal reto “The biggest barrier to mass adoption of cross-platform tools is feature parity with the native platforms. In his open letter to Adobe, Jobs criticised cross-platform tools for lack of performance and sluggishness in adopting the latest platform features. Indeed, the same issues were cited by developers in our survey as some of the most important reasons for dropping a tool. Performance was the top reason for dropped a tool, cited by 29% of respondents. More importantly, the perception that “cross-platform tools are always a step behind native” was selected as a top-2 reason for not using CPTs in the first place.” Los desarrolladores empiezan a utilizar las herramientas multiplataforma desde el principio de sus proyectos, y no para una mera adaptación posterior “With such a broad variety of cross-platform tools, we would expect developers to use them at varying stages of their application projects. Yet, the overriding use case - 75% of respondents irrespective of primary tool - was using CPTs from start to finish, to fully develop an app for multiple platforms As such we see a high level of practicality and commercial acumen in the use of cross-platform tools; developers are now using CPTs at the very beginning of the app lifecycle - to create cross-platform apps from scratch or to prototype - and not to retrofit an app onto a new platform.” Las herramientas multiplataforma se convertirán en un estándar “As the platform landscape remains fragmented for the foreseeable future, cross-platform tools will become “business as usual”. The future of mobile development is multi-platform – fewer and fewer developers will be able to afford to be confined to a single platform with the limited user reach and monetisation opportunities that implies. The adoption of cross-platform tools is driven by the ability to reach masses of users, which is the primary consideration for most developer segments. Cross-platform tools are indeed the only cost-effective vehicle for these developers to reach a wide mass of users, and we expect CPT usage to become commonplace a result.” 9
  9. 9. Ideas clave sobre las herramientas multiplataforma - 7 Las herramientas multiplataforma variarán si diferenciación competitiva una vez se estandaricen las prestaciones básicas “At the onset of 2012, CPT developer selection criteria are heavily skewed towards the breadth of platforms supported by each tool. This picture will change considerably as cross-platform tools vendors advance their products to cover all the major mobile platforms. We expect that by mid-2013, the platforms covered by a CPT will move from a point of differentiation to a point of parity. In that timeframe, we expect the points of competition to move to later stages of the app lifecycle, with vendors offering component marketplaces, end-to-end workflow tools, device adaptation tools, app publishing services and post-download services.” Las herramientas multiplataforma expanden y generan nuevos mercados verticales “In the sea of 100+ cross-platform tools, vendors are beginning to differentiate by targeting three distinct developer segments: those working on games, enterprise or media apps. Developers in these three segments face distinctly different challenges, work In distinctly different environments and as such need very different CPT solutions. As tool vendors try to survive in the “red ocean” of dozens of cross-platform tools, we expect CPTs to emerge for the financial sector, media publishers and the healthcare/medical sector.” La multi-pantalla es la nueva frontera de las herramientas multiplataforma “The battle of the software ecosystems is raging across many screens - mobile, tablet, PC and soon smart TV devices – and multi-screen will be the next frontier for cross-platform tools. Already in our survey, 27% of respondents noted that they also Target Windows PC and 24% target Mac desktops with their main cross-platform tool. However, the complexities of cross-platform development in a multi-screen environment are growing exponentially and beyond the simple sharing of the code between multiple platforms. Different screen types have different interaction models, input methods, screen sizes, go-to-market channels and pricing models, while developers working on different screens have use varying tool-chains, development cycles and collaboration processes. With the proliferation of users who own more than one connect screen, the next frontier for cross-platform tools will be multi-screen.” 10
  10. 10. Parte 2 Análisis de herramientas y servicios online para el desarrollo de Apps¿?
  11. 11. Herramientas multiplataforma y curva de aprendizaje Uno de los criterios utilizados en el documento “Cross-Platform Developer Tools 2012 Bridging the worlds of mobile apps and the web” para clasificar las herramientas multiplataforma es su curva de aprendizaje. Hemos seleccionado las herramientas identificadas de menor cuva de aprendizaje y por lo tanto que requieren menos conocimientos previos de programación. 12
  12. 12. Herramientas multiplataforma: características destacadas Plataforma (1-5) Curva de Precio* Editor visual Requiere programación aprendizaje propio Opción Opción básica Avanzadas 1. Adobe Flex 3,9 Gratuito Gratuito NO SI - actionScript 2. Appcelerator 3,7 Gratuito Presupuesto SI SI - Xcode, JS, sDoc, xml, php 3. Corona 4,3 $199 $349 NO SI - Xcode, JS, sDoc, xml, php 4. MonoTouch 4,2 $399 $999 NO SI - Xcode, JS, sDoc, xml, php 5. RunRev LiveCode 4,2 $499 $999 SI SI - Xcode, JS, sDoc, xml, php 6. jQuery Mobile 4,4 Gratuito Gratuito NO SI - JQuery *Precio por licencia completa. Usualmente, incluye un año de soporte técnico en la mayoría de los casos. 13
  13. 13. 1. Adobe Flex 14
  14. 14. 1. Adobe Flex 15
  15. 15. 1. Adobe Flex 16
  16. 16. 1. Adobe Flex 17
  17. 17. 2. Appcelerator 18
  18. 18. 2. Appcelerator 19
  19. 19. 2. Appcelerator 20
  20. 20. 2. Appcelerator 21
  21. 21. 3. Corona 22
  22. 22. 3. Corona 23
  23. 23. 3. Corona 24
  24. 24. 3. Corona 25
  25. 25. 4. MonoTouch / Droid 26
  26. 26. 4. MonoTouch / Droid 27
  27. 27. 4. MonoTouch / Droid 28
  28. 28. 4. MonoTouch / Droid 29
  29. 29. 5. RunRev LiveCode 30
  30. 30. 5. RunRev LiveCode 31
  31. 31. 5. RunRev LiveCode 32
  32. 32. 5. RunRev LiveCode 33
  33. 33. 6. jQuery Mobile 34

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