SUMMARY OF RENAISSANCEEarly And High Renaissance In Italy; Humanism, Neo-Platonism.
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE 13th Century• Christian painting and sculpture were just beginning to break away from the restraints of the dogma and conventions of the earlier medieval period.
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE Virgin and Christ Child Enthroned St Francis
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE Legend of St Francis: 2. St Plato Francis Giving his Mantle to a Poor Man
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE 14th Century• Once attention had been drawn to human emotion, it was only natural that interest in the human being himself and in his physical surroundings should follow.
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE Madonna and Child Enthroned Nativity with Angels and Saints
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE The Burial of the Virgin
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE 15th Century• More detailed observation of man himself and of nature followed in the 15th century with the growth of interest in anatomy, perspective, details of nature, landscape backgrounds, and form and color in light.• Paintings of the 15th century also reflect the growing curiosity about mans achievement in Italys past--that is, the Classic past.
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE Cortona Polyptych (central panel) Cortona Polyptych (detail)
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE Death of the Virgin
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE 16th Century• Christianity was added to Platonic ideal: Neo-platonism.• Michelangelo in the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and Raphael in the Vatican Stanze are representative of this movement at the beginning of the 16th century; they brought the Renaissance to the highest achievement in painting in Rome.• But the attempt to reconcile paganism and Christianity foundered.
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE David Madonna and Child
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCE Female head (La Scapigliata) Mona Lisa (La Gioconda)
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCEHumanism• Humanism was the basic concept of the Italian Renaissance.• This concept can be identified with a belief in the power of learning and science to produce "the complete man".• The Humanists saw no conflict between the New Learning--the newly rediscovered wisdom of the ancient world--and the authority of the Church.
SUMMARY OF THE RENAISSANCENeo-Platonism• Neo-Platonism in the Renaissance was the philosophy based on the teachings and doctrines of a group of thinkers of the early Christian era who endeavored to reconcile the teachings of Plato with Christian concepts.• The Neo-Platonists, being at the same time both lovers of the pagan past with its Platonic ideals of physical beauty, and being Christians, wanted to fuse this pagan idealism with Christian doctrine.• The Neo-Platonists conceived of the Christian religion as an eternal doctrine existing even before the advent of historical Christianity.