Biomes basics


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Biomes basics

  1. 1. BIOMES BASICS BIOME LOCATION CLIMATE GENERAL PLANT ANIMAL DESCRIPTION ADAPTATIONS ADAPTATIONS TUNDRA the tundra is < 25 cm frost-molded Moss, grass, Caribou, musk landscapes, located rainfall extremely low lichen… oxen, arctic fox, around the yearly temperatures, arctic ground north pole in little Small squirrel, lemmings, the arctic precipitation, Permafrost Slow growing insects, birds, circle in a poor nutrients, continuous and short Lichen - Survive belt -20  -5 C growing seasons without roots Thick white fur, extending temp short legs, large from Canada feet, short tails, , Alaska, migrate or Asia, and hibernate Europe BOREAL largest The average The winters in The taiga is the lynx , wolverines, FOREST / biome in the temperature the taiga are biome of the bobcat, minks and TIAGA world. It is below very cold with needleleaf forest. ermine. snowshoe stretches freezing for only snowfall. Coniferous Trees rabbits, red over Eurasia six months The summers squirrels and and North out of the are warm, Needles instead voles.,Red deer, America. year. rainy, and of leaves with elk, and moose The taiga is Winter humid. waxy coating & located near range is -54 dark green Many Migrate the top of to -1° C the world, Summer Evergreen just below range is -7° the tundra C to 21° C Cones for biome. Reproduction 35-75 cm rainfall Shed snow easily
  2. 2. yearly TEMPERATE South of the 75-220 cm The deciduous Amphibians, DECIDUOUS Boreal rain annuallyforest has four Birch, maple, oak, reptiles, birds, small FOREST Forest distinct poplar mammals, deer, including SE Cold winters seasons, Lean towards sun, volves Canada, E. (-20 – 0)and spring, hibernating in the US, Europe warm summer, Broad leaves winter and Asia summers autumn, and (10 – 30C) winter. In the shed leaves in use trees and plants autumn the winter for food and a water leaves change sources. color. During the winter camouflaged to months the look like the ground. trees lose their leaves. GRASSLAND Grassland 25 – 75 cm most have been No Trees largest number of biomes can rainfall converted into Buffalo Grass, herbivores of all be found in yearly farmlands Sunflower, Crazy the biomes the middle largest Weed, Asters, Coyotes, Eagles, latitudes, in number of Grassland Blazing Stars, Bobcats, Wolf, the interiors herbivores biomes are Coneflowers, Wild Turkey, Fly of of all the large, rolling Goldenrods, Catcher, Canadian continents. biomes terrains of Clover, and Wild Geese, Crickets, grasses, flowers Indigos. Dung Beetle, and herbs. Bison, and Prairie Chicken. Burrow to hide from predators
  3. 3. SAVANNAH found There are Not enough rain No Trees or very lions, zebras, between a actually two falls on a sparse elephants, and tropical very savanna to giraffes and many rainforest different support forests. highly types of and desert seasons in a Savannas are specialized for ungulates(animals biome. They savanna; a also known as long periods of with hooves) are found in very long tropical drought. graze and hunt a wide band dry season grasslands. on either and a very long tap roots Grazers and herds side of the wet season thick bark to that can move equator on resist annual over large areas the edges of 25 – 75 cm fires, trunks that tropical rainfall can store water, Carnivors who eat rainforests. yearly the herbivores discourage Above 21 C animals from grazing on them; too sharp or bitter grasses grow from the bottom up, so that the growth tissue doesn't get damaged by grazers. POLAR ICE At the poles < 25 cm Covered in snow Lichen and the penguin, seal, polar of the earth rainfall and ice rare moss bears, arctic fox, annually wolf Arctic and Antarctic Very very rely on the aquatic cold biome for nutrients including phytoplankton as the producers
  4. 4. DESERT The latitude Less that Harsh extreme Lots of cacti, Small rodents, range is 15- 25 cm annual environments shrubs, some reptiles, snakes, 28° north rainfall grasses birds and south of the equator. Their global Climate can Deep roots Burrow range covers be hot or Spines, Noctournal about 1/5 of cold Can expand to Can store water the earth, hold lots of water Do not urinate including Resist water loss the world's Slow growing great deserts: Sahara, Sonora, Thar, Kalahari and the Great Australian. TROPICAL Located 250  450 Largest Huge biodiversity Lots of RAINFOREST close to the cm annual biodiversity of with all layers of adaptations due to equator rainfall plants and the canopy to competition for animals in all ground occupied resources and >20 C biomes pred/prey relationship s as well as for reproduction
  5. 5. TEMPERATE where we Amoung the RAINFOREST live!!! most rare of all the Biomes