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Industrial energy consumption in pakistan

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Industrial Energy Consumption in Pakistan is the presentation based on the consumption of Energy (MTOE) and fuel types by different industrial sectors in Pakistan mainly cement, textile, fertilizer, sugar, brick kilns, steel industry and other small and medium sized industries.

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Industrial energy consumption in pakistan

  1. 1. INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN PAKISTAN BY Aadil Naveed 2013(Fall)-MBA E-004 Ahsan Naeem 2013(Fall)-MBA E-016 Bilal Tariq 2013(Fall)-MBA E-003 Hur Waffa 2013(Fall)-MBA E-018 Ali Zubair 2013(Fall)-MBA E-019
  2. 2. RFO IS EXPENSIVE THAN GAS
  3. 3. ENERGY MIX
  4. 4. FUTURE HORIZON
  5. 5. PAKISTAN ENERGY SECTOR CONSUMPTION AND SUPPLY
  6. 6. ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY COMPANIES
  7. 7. BREAKUP OF INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY (JUNE 2012)
  8. 8. INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
  9. 9. INDUSTRIAL SECTOR • Industrial sector in Pakistan accounts for 19% of the GDP in FY 2008 • This makes it the second largest contributor to economy after agriculture. • This presentation provides an overview of the energy demand in different industrial sector • And summarizes with the energy saving potential in different sector and appliances.
  10. 10. ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR
  11. 11. ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY INDUSTRIAL SUBSECTOR
  12. 12. FUEL-WISE ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN INDUTRIAL SECTOR
  13. 13. FUEL-WISE ENERGY CONSUMPTION (%) IN INDUTRIAL SUB-SECTOR
  14. 14. FUEL-WISE ENERGY CONSUMPTION (TOE) IN INDUTRIAL SUB-SECTOR
  15. 15. CEMENT INDUSTRY
  16. 16. CEMENT INDUSTRY • There are 29 cement units in Pakistan and majority of them are located in Sindh and KPK • The installed capacity was 37 million tonnes per annum in 2008 and was expected to reach 49 million tonnes in 2011 • Total cement production in FY2008 was 25,900 thousand tonnes resulting into an average plant utilization factor of 70%
  17. 17. CEMENT INDUSTRY • Cement production in the country includes: (i) Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) (ii) Sulphate Resisting Cement (SRC) (iii) Blast Furnace Slag Cement (BFSC) (iv) White Cement
  18. 18. CEMENT INDUTRY • The cement industry in Pakistan mainly uses the following 3 types of cement production techniques (i) Wet process (ii) Dry process with single stage preheating (iii) Dry process with multi stage preheating The dry process with multi stage preheating is the energy efficient, with the least energy requirements per tonne of cement produced
  19. 19. ENERGY CONSUMPTION Coal 86 % Gas 14 % Coal Gas Industrial Energy Consumption: 4.20 MTOE
  20. 20. BRICK KILNS
  21. 21. BRICK KILNS • There are about 10,000 brick kilns operating in the country, mostly in Punjab and KPK, with an average monthly brick production capacity of 650,000 bricks per kiln • Brick making in Pakistan is an energy intensive activity, with coal being the only fuel used in the process • The brick kiln industry accounts for 37.2% of the total coal consumption of the country
  22. 22. BRICK KILNS • Bull Trench and clamp are the only technologies being used for brick making in the country of the total installed capacity, 95% of the brick kilns are Bull Trench type, while the rest are Clamp type • However, Vertical Shaft Brick Kiln does not yet have a significant market share, and needs to be promoted on a commercial basis • This technology has recently been introduced in Pakistan as a successful pilot project.
  23. 23. ENERGY CONSUMPTION • Vertical Shaft Brick Kiln technology offer a much higher level of efficiency and is being used extensively in China and India.
  24. 24. ENERGY CONSUMPTION Coal 100% Industrial Energy Consumption: 1.68 MTOE Coal
  25. 25. TEXTILE INDUSTRY
  26. 26. TEXTILE INDUSTRY • Pakistan is the world’s 4th largest producer of cotton and 3rd largest consumer. • Cotton-based textile contribute over 60% to the country’s total merchandise consumer. • The main products of the textile industry include cotton yarn, cotton cloth, garments, cotton products hosiery, blended and synthetic cloth. • At present, 521 mills are operating in the country, the majority of which are located in the provinces of Sindh and Punjab.
  27. 27. The installed equipment includes Spindles 12 millions Shuttle less looms 24,000 Air-jet looms 6,000 Auto-power looms 300,000 Knitting machines 18,000 Fabric processing capacity 4.6 billion sq. meters Stitching machines 450,000
  28. 28. ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN TEXTILE • The textile industry accounts for a of 17% share in total industrial energy consumption, utilizing electricity and natural gas as its main energy sources • Of the total energy consumption of the sector, 82% is in the form of natural gas and 16% is electricity supplied by public utilities. • The remaining 2% is oil, which is utilized as a backup energy source to natural gas. • 70% of the total electricity requirement of the textile sector is met by natural gas-based captive generation, and the remaining is supplied by the power utilities WAPDA and KESC.
  29. 29. ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN TEXTILE SECTOR
  30. 30. IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY
  31. 31. IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY • The Iron and Steel industry in Pakistan consists of 650 steel mills of different sizes • The total production per year is 4.6 million tonnes • The demand for Iron and steel products is 5 million tonnes • Pakistan steel mills in the public sector accounts for 1.1 million tonnes
  32. 32. ENERGY CONSUMPTION Gas 48%Oil 19% Electricity 33% Total Energy Consumption: 1 MTOE Gas Oil Electricity
  33. 33. FERTILIZER INDUSTRY
  34. 34. FERTILIZER INDUSTRY • There are six fertilizer manufacturing companies in Pakistan • The annual production of fertilizers, including urea and phosphate, both by public and private sector was 6.24 million tonnes in 2007 • Of the total fertilizer production, the output of urea in that year was 4.92 million tonnes and diammonium phosphate (DAP) produced was 0.36 millions tonnes.
  35. 35. ENERGY CONSUMPTION Gas 100% Total Energy Consumption: 0.84 MTOE Gas
  36. 36. SUGAR INDUSTRY
  37. 37. SUGAR INDUSTRY • Pakistan ranks fifth in the world in terms of area under the sugar cane cultivation, eleventh by production and sixtieth in yield • The sugar industry of Pakistan is the second largest agro based industry in the comprising of 79 sugar mills • The annual crushing capacity is over 6 million tonnes. • As sugarcane can't be transported over long distances so the sugar industries is located in Punjab and Sindh where sugarcane is cultivated • Sugarcane farming and sugar manufacturing contribute significantly to the national exchequer in the form of various taxes and levies
  38. 38. SUGAR INDUSTRY • Sugar production is a seasonal activity, due to which sugar mills operate on average for four months a year, Bagasse production is 29% by weight of the total sugar cane crushed, of which70% is utilized as fuel in boilers • The rest is sold to other industries, such as pulp paper and board manufacturers as raw material
  39. 39. ENERGY CONUMPTION • The sugar industry has a share of 2% in the total commercial energy consumed by the industrial sector in Pakistan • It utilizes natural gas as its main energy source of the total energy consumption of the industry • 73% is in the form of natural gas and 5% is electricity supplied by public utilities, while the remaining 22% is fueled by oil
  40. 40. ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN SUGAR INDUSTRY
  41. 41. PAPER INDUSTRY
  42. 42. PAPER INDUSTRY • The production of paper products in Pakistan is based mainly on local grass and wheat straw • It constitutes about 46% of the basic raw materials used for this purpose, followed by waste paper at 29% • About 10% of the input consists of imported pulp, which is used for the production of specialty grade products • Other raw materials used are bagasse, rice straw, and cotton linter
  43. 43. PAPER INDUSTRY • The Pakistani pulp and paper industry consists of over 44 manufacturing units of various products and capacities, ranging from 20 to 120 tonnes per day • The paper industry in Pakistan is mainly located in the provinces of Punjab and KPK • The paper industry has a share of 7% in total industrial energy consumption in Pakistan
  44. 44. ENERGY CONSUMPTION • It consists mainly of electricity and natural gas in terms of inputs of the total energy consumption by the sector • 92% is in the form of natural gas, 4% is electricity, and 4% is oil-fueled • This energy is consumed in the following processes: 1.Pulping 2.Bleaching 3.Rolling
  45. 45. ENERGY CONSUMPION • Pulping involves the thermo-mechanical conversion of wood chips into pulp, and is therefore the most energy-intensive of these processes • However, specific energy consumption per tonne of paper produced varies with the quality of paper being manufactured • Therefore, the end-use of energy by process varies with the product quality • With the exception of a few large paper producers, the industry does not utilize energy efficient technologies, such as cogeneration and energy recovery from waste streams.
  46. 46. ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN PAPER INDUSTRY
  47. 47. OTHER INDUSTRY
  48. 48. OTHER INDUSTRY • This category comprises of the following main industrial subsectors: i. Chemicals ii. Leather iii. Food and beverages iv. Other general small-and medium-sized industry
  49. 49. ENERGY CONSUMPTION • Other industry has a share of around 29% in the total industrial energy consumption, utilizing natural gas and electricity as its main energy sources • Natural gas and electricity account for 63% and 22%, respectively of energy consumption by these industries. • The remaining 15% is accounted for by oil, which is utilized as a backup fuel for natural gas
  50. 50. ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN OTHER INDUSTRY
  51. 51. ENERGY CONSERVATION
  52. 52. ENERGY CONSERVATION • Energy conservation refers to reducing energy through using less of an energy service • Energy conservation differs from efficient energy use, which refers to using less energy for a constant service • Driving less is an example of energy conservation • Driving the same amount with a higher mileage vehicle is an example of energy efficiency
  53. 53. ENERGY EFFECIENCY • There is a scope for both in Pakistan, energy efficiency and energy conservation • The processes used in our industry are obsolete and inefficient • So there a huge room for improvement by using the latest technologies available and replacing the old equipments with new ones • The majority of loads (69 %) in the industry are motors and a huge saving potential is there
  54. 54. ENERGY SAVING • New advancement in the technology has resulted into an advanced series of efficient motors • Things as simple as the design of a building can save you large amounts of energy • The IE1, IE2, IE3 and now IE4 motors whose efficiency jumps up to 94% when operated at optimum load • The use of VFDs can conserve a huge amount of energy (up to 15%) by running the motors at required load rather than the full load
  55. 55. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

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