• Is an acute viral infection of salivary glands particularly
• An acute contagious disease.
• The characteristics feature of which there is swelling of
one or both of the parotid glands, usually occurring in
• is a viral disease of the human species, caused by the
• Before the development of vaccination and the
introduction of a vaccine, it was a common childhood
• It is still a significant threat to health in the third world,
and outbreaks still occur sporadically in developed
• Mode of entry: Direct by person-to-person
contact or droplet or airborne infection with the
oropharynx as the portal entry.
• System affected: Lymphatic
• Incubation period: 2-3 weeks;
average 18 days
• Period of communicability:
From 7 days before until 9 days
after the period glands swell.
Parotitis – the parotid
glands become visibly
enlarged and tender,
reaching a maximum
size within 2- 3 days.
• Mumps is a contagious disease that is spread from
person to person through contact with respiratory
secretions, such as saliva from an infected person.
• When an infected person coughs or sneezes, the
droplets aerosolize and can enter the eyes, nose, or
mouth of another person.
• Can also be spread by sharing food and drinks.
• The virus can also survive on surfaces and then be
spread after contact in a similar manner.
• Slight malaise/sickness
• Low-grade fever
• Pain below the ear, particularly on moving jaws.
• Parotid gland is swollen, painful enlarged and tender in
• Orchitis or epididymitis (inflammation of testicles)
Painful testicular swelling and rash may also occur. (The
symptoms are generally not severe in children.)
In teenage males and men, complications such as infertility.
• Oophoritis (inflammation of ovaries)
• Nausea and vomiting
• Other symptoms of mumps can include dry mouth, sore
face/ears (occasionally in more serious cases, loss of
• Males past puberty who develop mumps have a 30 %
risk of orchitis.
• Up to 20% of person infected with the mumps virus do
not show symptoms, so it is possible to be infected
and spread the virus without knowing it.
• The most common preventative measure against mumps
is a vaccination with a mumps vaccine, (invented by
American microbiologist Maurice Hilleman at Merck.)
• There is no specific treatment for mumps.
• Symptoms may be relieved by the application of
intermittent ice or heat to the affected neck/testicular
• acetaminophen/paracetamol (Tylenol) for pain relief.
Aspirin is not used due to a hypothetical link with Reye's
• Warm salt water gargles, soft foods, and extra fluids may
also help relieve symptoms. (According to the
Department of Health there is no effective post-exposure
recommendation to prevent secondary transmission, as
well as the post-exposure use of vaccine or
immunoglobulin is not effective.)
• Patients are advised to avoid acidic foods and
beverages, since these stimulate the salivary glands,
which can be painful.