Mumps report

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Mumps report

  1. 1. RUBY GRACE S. MESDE BSPHARMACY 3
  2. 2. • Is an acute viral infection of salivary glands particularly the parotids. • An acute contagious disease. • The characteristics feature of which there is swelling of one or both of the parotid glands, usually occurring in epidemic form.
  3. 3. • is a viral disease of the human species, caused by the mumps virus. • Before the development of vaccination and the introduction of a vaccine, it was a common childhood disease worldwide. • It is still a significant threat to health in the third world, and outbreaks still occur sporadically in developed countries.
  4. 4. • Mode of entry: Direct by person-to-person contact or droplet or airborne infection with the oropharynx as the portal entry.
  5. 5. • System affected: Lymphatic System • Incubation period: 2-3 weeks; average 18 days • Period of communicability: From 7 days before until 9 days after the period glands swell. MUMPS
  6. 6. Parotitis – the parotid glands become visibly enlarged and tender, reaching a maximum size within 2- 3 days.
  7. 7. • Mumps is a contagious disease that is spread from person to person through contact with respiratory secretions, such as saliva from an infected person. • When an infected person coughs or sneezes, the droplets aerosolize and can enter the eyes, nose, or mouth of another person. • Can also be spread by sharing food and drinks. • The virus can also survive on surfaces and then be spread after contact in a similar manner.
  8. 8. • Slight malaise/sickness • Low-grade fever • Headache • Anorexia • Pain below the ear, particularly on moving jaws. • Parotid gland is swollen, painful enlarged and tender in varying degrees.
  9. 9. • Orchitis or epididymitis (inflammation of testicles) Painful testicular swelling and rash may also occur. (The symptoms are generally not severe in children.)  In teenage males and men, complications such as infertility. • Oophoritis (inflammation of ovaries) • Dysphagia • Nausea and vomiting • Other symptoms of mumps can include dry mouth, sore face/ears (occasionally in more serious cases, loss of voice.)
  10. 10. • Males past puberty who develop mumps have a 30 % risk of orchitis. • Up to 20% of person infected with the mumps virus do not show symptoms, so it is possible to be infected and spread the virus without knowing it.
  11. 11. • The most common preventative measure against mumps is a vaccination with a mumps vaccine, (invented by American microbiologist Maurice Hilleman at Merck.)
  12. 12. • There is no specific treatment for mumps. • Symptoms may be relieved by the application of intermittent ice or heat to the affected neck/testicular area. • acetaminophen/paracetamol (Tylenol) for pain relief. Aspirin is not used due to a hypothetical link with Reye's syndrome.
  13. 13. • Warm salt water gargles, soft foods, and extra fluids may also help relieve symptoms. (According to the Department of Health there is no effective post-exposure recommendation to prevent secondary transmission, as well as the post-exposure use of vaccine or immunoglobulin is not effective.) • Patients are advised to avoid acidic foods and beverages, since these stimulate the salivary glands, which can be painful.
  14. 14. The end!

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