Measles

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Measles

  1. 1. By: Divine Grace P. Sapon
  2. 2. Also known as rubeola, hard measles, red measles a highly contagious viral disease, which affects mostly children.
  3. 3.  The incubation period is 10-12 days ( 20 days the longest; 8 days the shortest)  Single attacks conveys life long immunity
  4. 4.  Measles usually lasts about 9-10 days, measured from the beginning of prodomal symptoms to the fading of the rash.  The disease is communicable 4 days before and 5 days after the appearance of rashes.  The disease is most communicable during the height of rash
  5. 5.  The virus has been found in patients blood , as well as in the secretions from eyes, nose and throat.
  6. 6.  Direct contact by droplets spread through coughing or sneezing.  Indirectly through articles or fomites freshly contaminated with respiratory secretions of infected patients.
  7. 7.  Koplik Spot
  8. 8. 1.Pre-eruptive Stage 2. Eruptive Stage 3. Stage of Convalescence
  9. 9. Bronchopneumonia Otitis media Pneumonia or bronchitis Nephritis Encephalitis Blindness(Seldom)
  10. 10. NOSE ANDTHROAT SWAB URINALYSIS BLOOD EXAMS
  11. 11.  Anti-viral= Isoprenosine  Antibiotics if with complication  Supportive therapy (oxygen inhalation, IV fluids)
  12. 12.  Isolation ( quiet, well ventilated, subdued light in patient)  Skin care.The patient should have a daily cleansing bed bath.The water should comfortably warm.  Oral and nasal hygiene is very important aspect in patient with measles.
  13. 13.  Care of eyes.The patient is sensitive to light, therefore, position the patient where a direct glare of light is avoided. Keep eyes free of secretions.  Care of ears. Careful attention should be given to the ears.  Daily elimination is important.This can be accomplished by mild laxative or as prescribed by the physician.  Patients position should be changed every 3 to 4 hours.
  14. 14. Anti-measles at the age of NINE months, as single dose. MMR(Measles, Mumps and Rubella)= to be given at the age of 15 months old, and the 2nd dose at 11 to 12 years.

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