Also known as rubeola, hard measles, red
a highly contagious viral disease, which
affects mostly children.
The incubation period is 10-12 days ( 20 days
the longest; 8 days the shortest)
Single attacks conveys life long immunity
Measles usually lasts about 9-10 days,
measured from the beginning of prodomal
symptoms to the fading of the rash.
The disease is communicable 4 days before
and 5 days after the appearance of rashes.
The disease is most communicable during the
height of rash
The virus has been found in patients blood ,
as well as in the secretions from eyes, nose
Direct contact by droplets spread through
coughing or sneezing.
Indirectly through articles or fomites freshly
contaminated with respiratory secretions of
Antibiotics if with complication
Supportive therapy (oxygen inhalation, IV
Isolation ( quiet, well ventilated,
subdued light in patient)
Skin care.The patient should have a daily
cleansing bed bath.The water should
Oral and nasal hygiene is very
important aspect in patient with measles.
Care of eyes.The patient is sensitive to light,
therefore, position the patient where a direct
glare of light is avoided. Keep eyes free of
Care of ears. Careful attention should be
given to the ears.
Daily elimination is important.This can
be accomplished by mild laxative or as
prescribed by the physician.
Patients position should be changed every
3 to 4 hours.
Anti-measles at the age of NINE months,
as single dose.
MMR(Measles, Mumps and Rubella)=
to be given at the age of 15 months old, and
the 2nd dose at 11 to 12 years.