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Interactive Water Services: The Waternomics Approach

WATERNOMICS focuses on the development of ICT as an enabling technology to manage water as a resource, increase end-user conservation awareness and affect behavioral changes. Unique aspects of WATERNOMICS include personalized feedback about end-user water consumption, the development of systematic and standards-based water resource management systems, new sensor hardware developments, and the introduction of forecasting and fault detection diagnosis to the analysis of water consumption data. These services will be bundled into the WATERNOMICS Water Information Services Platform. This paper presents the overall architectural approach to WATERNOMICS and details the potential interactive services possible based on this novel platform.

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Interactive Water Services: The Waternomics Approach

  1. 1. @WATERNOMICS_EU Project co-funded by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Program (Grant Agreement No. 619660) INTERACTIVE WATER SERVICES: THE WATERNOMICS APPROACH E. Clifford, D. Coakley, E. Curry, V. Degeler, A. Costa, T. Messervey, S.-J. Van Andel, N. Van de Giesen, C. Kouroupetroglou, J. Mink, and S. Smit
  2. 2. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu2 MOTIVATION The Challenge Water under stress •  Climate change •  Urbanisation •  Increased world population •  How can ICT help in securing access to sufficient and safe water? The Impact of ICT •  Reduced water usage •  Reduced CO2 emissions related to water distribution •  Increased user awareness •  Opening new business opportunities
  3. 3. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu3 •  To introduce demand response and accountability principles (water footprint) in the water sector •  To engage consumers in new interactive and personalized ways that bring water efficiency to the forefront and leads to changes in water behaviours •  To empower corporate decision makers and municipal area managers with a water information platform together with relevant tools and methodologies to enact ICT-enabled water management programs •  To promote ICT enabled water awareness using airports and water utilities as pilot examples •  To make possible new water pricing options and policy actions by combining water availability and consumption data WATERNOMICS will provide personalised and actionable information on water consumption and water availability to individual households, companies and cities in an intuitive & effective manner at relevant time-scales for decision making WATERNOMICS OBJECTIVES
  4. 4. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu4 ▶ Type of project: Collaborative project ▶ Project start date: February 2014 ▶ Duration: 36 months ▶ Call: FP7-ICT-2013-11 ▶ Effort: 416 PM ▶ Budget: €4.287M ▶ Max EC contribution: €2.905M ▶ Grant No.: 619660 ▶ Consortium: 9 partners ▶ Countries: 4 ▶ SMEs: 4 ▶ Pilots: 3 KEY FACTS ABOUT WATERNOMICS
  5. 5. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu5 LOCATION Municipality Corporate Public THERMI, GREECE LINATE AIRPORT, MILIAN GALWAY, IRELAND Domestic users and utility Corporate users School and University Users KEYOUTCOMES •  Identify, inform and gain consent of user-base; •  Detail assessment metrics; •  Link the Waternomics Platform to the Utility database; •  Gain feedback on feasibility and efficiency of flexible tariffing; •  Feedback from utilities and consumers on: personalised interaction with the system and ease of data accessibility; •  Evaluate efficacy of system in raising user awareness of water consumption, and changes in consumer behaviour. •  Technical – sensor locations, data and communication architecture; •  Reporting – relevant KPI’s; •  Economical – Cost/Benefit analysis; •  Business Model – new services and value proposition; •  Management and processes; •  Certifications; •  Savings – attributable savings based on availability of real-time water data for (i) novel business models, (ii) fault/leak detection, (iii) water network optimisation; •  Corporate image– CSR; •  Public Awareness. •  Assess current SOTA metering and billing methodologies; •  Detailed monitoring of usage characteristics; •  Conduct data analysis / assessment •  Implement and test leak and fault detection strategies; •  Implement public water feedback and visualisation dashboard; •  Test gamification system and gather feedback from users. PILOT SITES
  6. 6. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu6 KEY CHALLENGES FOR WATER MGMT •  Technical: Sensor locations, measurements, communication architecture and consequences are appropriate for district metering •  Reporting / Communication: Decide on relevant metrics and key performance indicators to collect •  Economic / Infrastructural: Analyze costs and benefits – how does this affect existing infrastructure (e.g. wastewater treatment)? What is the priority listing and cutoff lines for different levels of investment? •  Water management model: Develop new tariff structures which building on data made available through the platform •  Management & Processes: Research methods for assigning management responsibilities and incentives. Methods for gauging consumer reaction to new processes and business model. •  Certifications: Methods for engaging with existing carbon credits, ISO, or other certifications •  Savings: Specific features of WATERNOMICS platform that can produce further savings
  8. 8. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu8 •  Technology and Data Interoperability –  Crosscuts engineering domains and business functions (Facilities, accountancy, IT, HR, Environmental) •  Data scattered among different information systems •  Multiple incompatible technologies make it difficult to use •  Dynamic data, sensors, ERP, BMS, assets databases, … –  Data Silos: Cost to bring this data together is significant •  Information Granularity & Overload –  Multiple stakeholder information requirements –  Multi-level information problem (Micro- to Macro-level) •  Low-level operations, to high-level organisational KPIs •  Room-level optimizations vs. Building-level, vs. Corporate- level, vs. City-level KEY DATA CHALLENGES
  9. 9. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu99     Water Analysis Model Usage Model Water Dashboards Decision Support Services Corporate Municipality Public Waternomics   Informa/on  Pla2orms   GENERIC WATER INFORMATION SERVICES
  10. 10. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu10 KEY TECHNOLOGY Open/Linked  Data   Internet  of  Things   Gamifica;on   Simple  UI   Seman;cs   Leak  Detec;on  
  11. 11. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu11 •  Linked Data is a method of exposing, sharing, and connecting data (via de-referenceable URIs) on the Web. –  Provides a Data (RDF) and Naming (URI) model for the Web –  W3C Web-based Standards –  Adaptive Ontologies –  Incremental Approach •  Resource Description Framework (RDF) –  Graph based Data – nodes and arcs –  Identifies objects (URIs) –  Interlink information (Relationships) •  Vocabularies (Ontologies) –  Provides shared understanding of a domain –  Organizes knowledge in a machine-comprehensible way –  give an exploitable meaning to the data LINKED DATA
  12. 12. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu12 ssn:Sensor rm:Room En:Sink En:Dishwasher ssn:observes En:Water Consumption foaf:Person foar:Group foaf:memberOf rm:Roomrm:Desk foaf:Person rm:occupant rm:contains rm:Building rm:Floor rm:contains rm:contains owl:sameAs owl:sameAs Human Resource Building Management System Sensor Network
  13. 13. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu13 Water Management Apps •  Water dashboards •  Decision support •  water availability/forecast Support Services •  Simplify linked data consumption via common services Linked Water Data Cloud •  Rich with knowledge and semantics about water usage performance Data/Meter sources •  Existing operational legacy systems •  Adapters perform the “RDFization” lift to the dataspace WATERNOMICS INFORMATION PLATFORM
  14. 14. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu14 SERVICES IN ACTION Two main application areas: •  Water analysis services •  Interactive water information services
  15. 15. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu15 WATER ANALYSIS SERVICES • Water usage prediction models – Real-time water usage forecasting; – Increase user awareness; – Improve management capability; • Hydro-meteorological drought forecasting – Using hydrological forecasting in parallel with weather data to better predict and prepare for drought events • Leak detection – Use of available data to better predict and efficiently respond to suspected leaks (e.g. usage spikes, pressure drops) • Pumping Equipment fault detection – Use of real time monitoring to identify faulty operation and enable prognostics for equipment degradation
  16. 16. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu16 INTERACTIVE WATER INFORMATION SERVICES Four water usage and management applications will be developed, each targeted at a specific user group: 1.  A dashboard will present water usage information in a personalised manner; 2.  A prediction application will inform users about expected water availability; 3.  A simulation application will support households and corporate users in water related decision making processes 4.  A WATERNOMICS game individual households can see and compare their water usage with peer groups or friends in a fun and engaging way The platform and applications will be used at the test-pilot sites.
  18. 18. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu18 QUESTIONS? E. Clifford, D. Coakley, E. Curry, V. Degeler, A. Costa, T. Messervey, S.-J. Van Andel, N. Van de Giesen, C. Kouroupetroglou, J. Mink, and S. Smit, “Interactive Water Services: The Waternomics Approach,” in 16th International Conference Water Distribution Systems Analysis (WSDA 2014) Thank You. Questions? @WATERNOMICS_EU