EMC JOUR 3000 Fall 2011 Lecture 3 Within the Shot

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  • EMC JOUR 3000 Fall 2011 Lecture 3 Within the Shot

    1. 1. EMC / JOUR 3000 INTRO TO MOTION PICTURES Edward Bowen Lecture Three – Inside the Shot
    2. 2. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Location - A real place chosen to shoot one or more shots for a film. “Jaws” (1975) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cRpoMpUgC0
    3. 3. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Location - A real place chosen to shoot one or more shots for a film. “Black Swan” (2010) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMOzjoC1n7Y
    4. 4. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Location - A real place chosen to shoot one or more shots for a film. “Ana’s Playground” (2009) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “Phantom of the Opera” (2004) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAR54mNVh48
    6. 6. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “Silent Hill” (2006) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzu1JR1-RFs
    7. 7. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “Sweeney Todd” (2007) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xzKu_mSVXlU
    8. 8. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “The Garbage Pail Kids” (1987) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lXmuXVGidY
    9. 9. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Foreground (hanging) miniatures. “Ben-Hur” (1925) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual extension. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clnozSXyF4k
    16. 16. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Set - An environment created through digital effects. “Tron: Legacy” (2010) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhyScbAZrFs
    17. 17. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Actors. “Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow” (2004) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqGBt0124bY
    18. 18. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Actors. “Terminator Salvation” (2009) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7YYfgx_cHo
    19. 19. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Actors - The Uncanny Valley </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
    20. 20. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Actors. “Sim0ne” (2002) </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=salcZxwspxg
    21. 21. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking - Placement of the actors and determination of their movements within the location or set and shot, in relation to the camera. </li></ul>http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/11517/Citizen-Kane-Movie-Clip-The-Sacred-Cause.html “ Citizen Kane” (1941)
    22. 22. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking - Placement of the actors and determination of their movements within the location or set and shot, in relation to the camera. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yuR_HjCLcw “ Citizen Kane” (1941)
    23. 23. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking - Placement of the actors and determination of their movements within the location or set and shot, in relation to the camera. </li></ul>http://www.facebook.com/video/video.php?v=10150301284860612 “ The Sound of Music” Robert Wise (1965)
    24. 24. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - The perceived distance relationship of the camera (viewer) to the subject </li></ul>
    25. 25. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU . </li></ul><ul><li>Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - Close-up </li></ul>
    27. 27. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - Close-up </li></ul>
    28. 28. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - Close-up. “La Passion de Jeanne D’Arc” (1928) Carl Theodor Dreyer </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAqnUPqj3JY
    29. 29. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - Close-up. “A Place in the Sun” (1951) George Stevens </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAqnUPqj3JY
    30. 30. Framing Close-ups - Extreme Close-ups
    31. 31. Framing Close-ups - Extreme Close-ups
    32. 32. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - Extreme Close-up. “Citizen Kane” (1941) Orson Welles </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jipboWI9uiE
    33. 33. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Framing - Extreme Close-up. “Blue Velvet” (1986) David Lynch </li></ul>http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=282728 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDEzzFtrCTs
    34. 34. Framing Close-ups - Shoulder Shot
    35. 35. Framing Close-ups - Shoulder Shot
    36. 36. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU . Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium Shot (MS): Shows a person ’s face and a significant portion of the person’s body. Variations: Waist shot, cowboy, knee shot. </li></ul>
    37. 37. Framing Medium Shots - Waist Shots
    38. 38. Framing Medium Shots - Waist Shots
    39. 39. Framing Medium Shots - Cowboys
    40. 40. Framing Medium Shots - Cowboys
    41. 41. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU . Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium Shot (MS): Shows a person ’s face and a significant portion of the person’s body.m Variations: Waist shot, cowboy, knee shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Full Shot (FS): Shows one or more full human forms from just below the feet to just above the head. </li></ul>
    42. 42. Framing Full Shots
    43. 43. Framing Full Shots
    44. 44. Framing Full Shots
    45. 45. Framing Full Shots
    46. 46. Framing Full Shots “ Top Hat (1935) ” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2poNEiVZNXQ
    47. 47. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU . Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium Shot (MS): Shows a person ’s face and a significant portion of the person’s body.m Variations: Waist shot, cowboy, knee shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Full Shot (FS): Shows one or more full human forms from just below the feet to just above the head. </li></ul><ul><li>Long Shot (LS): Includes more of the environment, establishing more fully details of the surrounding mise en scene . Variations: Extreme long shot. </li></ul>
    48. 48. Framing Long Shots
    49. 49. Framing Long Shots
    50. 50. Framing Long Shots
    51. 51. Framing Long Shots - Extreme Long Shots
    52. 52. Framing Long Shots - Extreme Long Shots
    53. 53. Framing Long Shots - Extreme Long Shots
    54. 54. Framing Long Shots - Extreme Long Shots “Lawrence of Arabia” (1962) David Lean http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FvBcl40QOhQ
    55. 55. Framing Long Shots - Extreme Long Shots “Troy” (2004) Wolfgang Petersen http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCg8Ku7C5eI
    56. 56. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject. </li></ul>
    57. 57. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Eye Level - Camera is placed face on to the subject </li></ul>
    58. 58. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Eye Level - Camera is placed face on to the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Low Angle - Camera is below the subject looking up on it. Since this is the child perspective of an adult, the low angle is thought to strengthen the subject. Anyone above your view is a superior, threatening or dominant. </li></ul>
    59. 59. Perspective Low Angle
    60. 60. Perspective Low Angle
    61. 61. Perspective Low Angle
    62. 62. Perspective Low Angle
    63. 63. Perspective Low Angle http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=11517
    64. 64. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Eye Level - Camera is placed face on to the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Low Angle - Camera is below the subject looking up on it. Since this is the child perspective of an adult, the low angle is thought to strengthen the subject. Anyone above your view is a superior, threatening or dominant. </li></ul><ul><li>High Angle - Camera is above the subject looking down on it. Since this is the adult perspective of a child, the high angle is thought to weaken the subject. Anyone below your view is subordinate. </li></ul>
    65. 65. Perspective High Angle
    66. 66. Perspective High Angle
    67. 67. Perspective High Angle “ Golddiggers of 1935” (1935) Busby Berkeley http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=319165
    68. 68. Perspective High Angle “ Psycho” (1960) Alfred Hitchcock http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=--v0-I0waqs
    69. 69. Perspective Canted / Dutch / Oblique Angle
    70. 70. Perspective Canted / Dutch / Oblique Angle
    71. 71. Perspective Canted / Dutch / Oblique Angle http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=116306 “ The Third Man” (1949) Carol Reed
    72. 72. Perspective Canted / Dutch / Oblique Angle “ Batman” (1966) Leslie H. Martinson http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-3016507337716192329#
    73. 73. Perspective Point of View (POV)
    74. 74. Perspective Point of View (POV)
    75. 75. Perspective Point of View (POV) Kuleshov Experiment (1910s) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gLBXikghE0
    76. 76. Perspective Point of View (POV) “ Rear Window” (1954) Alfred Hitchcock http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLL8HY8MSPs
    77. 77. Perspective Point of View (POV) http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=222833 “ Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” (1932) Rouben Mamoulian
    78. 78. Perspective Point of View (POV) http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=34657 “ The Lady in the Lake” (1946) Robert Montgomery
    79. 79. Perspective Point of View (POV) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cpb13mDBP1I “ Doom” (2005) Andrzej Bartkowiak
    80. 80. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication -Lenses </li></ul><ul><li>Normal lens – A lens that creates an image similar to way we normally see the world. </li></ul>
    81. 81. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication -Lenses </li></ul><ul><li>Wide Angle Lenses – Provide a wider field of view, deeper focus, and exaggerated depth. </li></ul>
    82. 82. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication -Lenses </li></ul><ul><li>Wide Angle Lenses – Provide a wider field of view, deeper focus, and exaggerated depth. </li></ul><ul><li>Fish eye lens – Extreme wide angle. </li></ul>
    83. 83. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication -Lenses </li></ul><ul><li>Telephoto Lenses – Provide a narrower, magnified field of view, shallow focus, and compressed depth. </li></ul>
    84. 84. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication -Lenses </li></ul><ul><li>Telephoto Lenses – Provide a narrower, magnified field of view, shallow focus, and compressed depth. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Graduate” (1967) Mike Nichols </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i9eIXN6Sp40
    85. 85. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined. </li></ul>
    86. 86. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined. </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Focus -When everything, or almost everything, in a shot is clearly in focus, deep focus is achieved. </li></ul>
    87. 87. Focus Deep Focus “ Citizen Kane” (1941) Orson Welles http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6UeqAXas-oA
    88. 88. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined. </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Focus -When everything, or almost everything, in a shot is clearly in focus, deep focus is achieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Focus - Certain creative situations call for images that are not harsh and sharp but muted. Soft focus is usually achieved by placing something in front of the lens (gauze), something on the lens (Vaseline), or slightly defocusing the lens. Older actors used to insist on gauze shots in closeups in order to hide the signs of their age. </li></ul>
    89. 89. Focus Soft Focus “ Casablanca” (1942) Michael Curtiz
    90. 90. Focus Soft Focus “ Vampyr” (1931) Carl Theodor Dreyer http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=273994
    91. 91. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intrashot Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined. </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Focus -When everything, or almost everything, in a shot is clearly in focus, deep focus is achieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Focus - Certain creative situations call for images that are not harsh and sharp but muted. Soft focus is usually achieved by placing something in front of the lens (gauze), something on the lens (Vaseline), or slightly defocusing the lens. Older actors used to insist on gauze shots in closeups in order to hide the signs of their age. </li></ul><ul><li>Selective Focus - Deciding which elements in a shot will be in and out of focus. </li></ul><ul><li>Rack Focus - Shifting focus during a shot. </li></ul>
    92. 92. Focus Selective Focus / Rack Focus “ Apricot” (2009) Ben Briand
    93. 93. Focus Selective Focus / Rack Focus “ The Young Victoria” (2010) Jean-Marc Vallee

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