EMC  2410 Intro to Electronic Media Edward Bowen Lecture Eleven Network Beginnings
1945 <ul><li>World War II ends. </li></ul>
1945 <ul><li>Earlier in April, Edward R. Murrow reports from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp over radio. </li></ul>
1945 <ul><li>FCC resumes television licensing, moves FM to another part of the spectrum, allocating open frequencies to te...
1946 <ul><li>RCA gets its black and white television sets on the market. </li></ul><ul><li>The FCC adopts RCA ’s televisio...
1946 <ul><li>FCC chairman Charles Denny resigns and joins NBC as vice president and general counsel. </li></ul>
1946 <ul><li>Sports becomes an early hit. </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing: Joe Louis vs. Billy Conn on NBC. </li></ul><ul><li>Est...
1946 <ul><li>Kinescopes </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HbODxTSDmM
Television Sets <ul><li>By the end of 1945, there were fewer than 7,000 working TV sets in the U.S. and only nine stations...
Network Building <ul><li>1928: NBC is the first permanent coast to coast radio network.  Stations are linked using dedicat...
1947 <ul><li>Opening of Congress televised. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical operation televised by NBC and watched by several hu...
1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay. </li></ul><ul><li>The World Series on NBC. </li></ul>http://www.thought...
1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay.  </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brook...
1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay.  </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brook...
1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay.  </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brook...
1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay.  </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brook...
1947 <ul><li>Children ’s Television begins with Howdy Doody from New York … </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJ-IP...
1947 <ul><li>Children ’s Television begins with Howdy Doody from New York … </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_8x4...
1947 <ul><li>Children ’s Television begins with “Howdy Doody” from New York, and “Kukla, Fran and Ollie” from Chicago. </l...
1947 <ul><li>NBC and CBS gain sponsors for evening news broadcasts. </li></ul>John Cameron Swayze - NBC http://www.youtube...
1948 <ul><li>NBC and CBS gain sponsors for evening news broadcasts. </li></ul>http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=40684...
Television Pioneers: Edward R. Murrow <ul><li>1908: Born April 25. </li></ul><ul><li>1935: Joins CBS as Director of Talks....
Television Pioneers: Edward R. Murrow
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Lecture 12 Network Beginnings in the 1940s

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  • Audio: Murrow Buchenwald http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYVn0hzcSs0
  • NTSC: National Television System Committee
  • Video: Kinescope http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HbODxTSDmM
  • Video: Gorgeous George Jesse James http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFksSkMllT8
  • Video: Hall-of-Fame-Inductee-Gorgeous-George.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmb9Mr3CYGI
  • Video: Roller Derby http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCExtdqhuFQ
  • Video: Puppet-Playtime-Howdy-Doody-intro.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJ-IPXpvRaU
  • Video: Tootsie-Roll-Pop-Commercial-with-Howdy-Doody.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_8x4w4o7YI
  • Video: KF&amp;O http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYik7iwbYqs
  • Video: Camel News http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_duF46SmTs
  • Lecture 12 Network Beginnings in the 1940s

    1. 1. EMC 2410 Intro to Electronic Media Edward Bowen Lecture Eleven Network Beginnings
    2. 2. 1945 <ul><li>World War II ends. </li></ul>
    3. 3. 1945 <ul><li>Earlier in April, Edward R. Murrow reports from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp over radio. </li></ul>
    4. 4. 1945 <ul><li>FCC resumes television licensing, moves FM to another part of the spectrum, allocating open frequencies to television. </li></ul>
    5. 5. 1946 <ul><li>RCA gets its black and white television sets on the market. </li></ul><ul><li>The FCC adopts RCA ’s television format. </li></ul><ul><li>The FCC receives 600 applications for TV station licenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Television stations are still experimental and local. </li></ul>
    6. 6. 1946 <ul><li>FCC chairman Charles Denny resigns and joins NBC as vice president and general counsel. </li></ul>
    7. 7. 1946 <ul><li>Sports becomes an early hit. </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing: Joe Louis vs. Billy Conn on NBC. </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate: 150,000 watching on 5000 sets. </li></ul>WNBT – New York from Yankee Stadium
    8. 8. 1946 <ul><li>Kinescopes </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HbODxTSDmM
    9. 9. Television Sets <ul><li>By the end of 1945, there were fewer than 7,000 working TV sets in the U.S. and only nine stations on the air. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1948, 190,000. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1950, 10,500,000. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1955, half of all households in U.S. owned a television set. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Network Building <ul><li>1928: NBC is the first permanent coast to coast radio network. Stations are linked using dedicated telephone lines. </li></ul><ul><li>1940 - 1941: Experimental NBC television transmissions from New York to Philadelphia and Schenectady over relay antennas. </li></ul><ul><li>1946 - 1949: The DuMont Network uses coaxial cable to join three television stations in New York, Washington DC and Pittsburgh. First post-war network. </li></ul><ul><li>1947: NBC links New York, Philadelphia, Schenectady, Boston and Baltimore. </li></ul><ul><li>1947-1948: CBS and ABC begin television operations. </li></ul>
    11. 11. 1947 <ul><li>Opening of Congress televised. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical operation televised by NBC and watched by several hundred doctors and nurses. </li></ul>
    12. 12. 1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay. </li></ul><ul><li>The World Series on NBC. </li></ul>http://www.thoughtequity.com/video/clip/5110009AA6729_005.do
    13. 13. 1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds. </li></ul>http://books.google.com/books?id=kiQDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA126&lpg=PA126&dq=zoomar+1947&source=bl&ots=8szmvxupYk&sig=TR75yiv_smY65IHEb-Mrx2GSB0k&hl=en&ei=Q12zTJf9CYSBlAftlsGxCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CC8Q6AEwBg#v=onepage&q&f=false
    14. 14. 1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestling personalities. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFksSkMllT8
    15. 15. 1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestling personalities. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmb9Mr3CYGI
    16. 16. 1947 <ul><li>Sports becomes a television mainstay. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestling personalities. </li></ul><ul><li>Roller Derby. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCExtdqhuFQ
    17. 17. 1947 <ul><li>Children ’s Television begins with Howdy Doody from New York … </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJ-IPXpvRaU
    18. 18. 1947 <ul><li>Children ’s Television begins with Howdy Doody from New York … </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_8x4w4o7YI
    19. 19. 1947 <ul><li>Children ’s Television begins with “Howdy Doody” from New York, and “Kukla, Fran and Ollie” from Chicago. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYik7iwbYqs
    20. 20. 1947 <ul><li>NBC and CBS gain sponsors for evening news broadcasts. </li></ul>John Cameron Swayze - NBC http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_duF46SmTs
    21. 21. 1948 <ul><li>NBC and CBS gain sponsors for evening news broadcasts. </li></ul>http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=4068469n Douglas Edwards - CBS
    22. 22. Television Pioneers: Edward R. Murrow <ul><li>1908: Born April 25. </li></ul><ul><li>1935: Joins CBS as Director of Talks. </li></ul><ul><li>1937: Becomes CBS ’s Director of European Operations. </li></ul><ul><li>1940: “This is London.” Helps create “London After Dark.” </li></ul><ul><li>1945: Buchenwald. </li></ul><ul><li>1951: Launches “See It Now.” </li></ul><ul><li>1953: Premieres “Person to Person.” </li></ul>
    23. 23. Television Pioneers: Edward R. Murrow

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