EMC 3000 Lecture 6 Editing

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EMC 3000 Lecture 6 Editing

  1. 1. EMC / JOUR 3000 INTRO TO MOTION PICTURES Edward Bowen Lecture Four - The Technical Dimension Intershot Communication
  2. 2. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – </li></ul><ul><li>Any variable that takes place between shots; the relation of one shot to the next, or many shots to each other. Editing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – </li></ul><ul><li>Any variable that takes place between shots; the relation of one shot to the next, or many shots to each other. Editing. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GdYMEvbje8
  4. 4. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – </li></ul><ul><li>Any variable that takes place between shots; the relation of one shot to the next, or many shots to each other. Editing. “All That Jazz” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Building Blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Frame – The individual sequential images that make up motion pictures; a single photograph on a strip of film. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Building Blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Frame – The individual sequential images that make up motion pictures; a single photograph on a strip of film. </li></ul><ul><li>Dailies – The raw unedited footage shot in a single day. </li></ul><ul><li>Take – The result of one operation of the motion picture or video camera; footage created between “roll camera” and “cut.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Building Blocks </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1Q1EH3wBl8
  8. 8. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Building Blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Shot – In the final edited film, the continuous and uninterrupted material between editing transitions. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hpa4WUw74XE 22:42
  9. 9. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition – The technique used to connect two shots together. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition – The technique used to connect two shots together. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut - The direct connection of the two shots. Nothing comes between. One shot ends and the other begins. (Straight cut) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Cut </li></ul>
  12. 12. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition – The technique used to connect two shots together. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut - The direct connection of the two shots. Nothing comes between. One shot ends and the other begins. (Straight cut) </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Cut - One that does not call attention to itself. You may not even notice that the shot has changed. (Cutting on action, continuity, matched action, motivated cutting). “Casablanca” “ Singin ’ in the Rain ” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition – The technique used to connect two shots together. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut - The direct connection of the two shots. Nothing comes between. One shot ends and the other begins. (Straight cut) </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Cut - One that does not call attention to itself. You may not even notice that the shot has changed. (Cutting on action, continuity, matched action, motivated cutting). “Casablanca” “ Singin ’ in the Rain ” </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Cut - One that calls attention to itself. You notice that the image has changed. Bam! (abrupt, abrasive, discontinuous). Panic on the Beach “ Jaws, ” Shower Scene “ Psycho, ” “ Battleship Potemkin ” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition – The technique used to connect two shots together. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut - The direct connection of the two shots. Nothing comes between. One shot ends and the other begins. (Straight cut) </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Cut - One that does not call attention to itself. You may not even notice that the shot has changed. (Cutting on action, continuity, matched action, motivated cutting). </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Cut - One that calls attention to itself. You notice that the image has changed. Bam! (Discontinuity) </li></ul><ul><li>Jump Cut – A hard cut that creates a displacement in time and space. Disjointed. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Jump Cut – A hard cut that creates a displacement in time and space. Disjointed. </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0nM4-oYEGU
  16. 16. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Fade - A fade-out is the image in a shot going dark. A fade-in is a dark screen brightening into a clear image. Traditionally used to suggest changes in time and place. “Casablanca” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Fade - A fade-out is the image in a shot going dark. A fade-in is a dark screen brightening into a clear image. Traditionally used to suggest changes in time and place. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolve - An overlapping transition between two shots in which for a period of time both shots are seen. That is, there is a double image or superimposition of the two shots as one fades out and another fades in overtop. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Punctuation and Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolve </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFrVnOM23Sc
  19. 19. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Building Blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Shot – In the final edited film, the continuous and uninterrupted material between editing transitions. </li></ul><ul><li>Scene - The smallest narrative unit of time, place, action. The action in a single location and continuous time. Unity of time and place. </li></ul><ul><li>The last scene at the airport in “Casablanca.” </li></ul><ul><li>The party scene in “ Singin ’ in the Rain. ” </li></ul><ul><li>The beach scene when the Kitner boy is killed in “Jaws.” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Building Blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence – a) A series of scenes which comprise a distinct narrative unit, usually connected either by unity of action, theme, location or time; </li></ul><ul><li>b) events that take place in various locations in continuous time, or in various times in a consistent location. </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue scene from “Birth of a Nation” </li></ul><ul><li>Paris flashback from “Casablanca” </li></ul><ul><li>Gotta Dance from “ Singin ’ in the Rain ” </li></ul><ul><li>Training from “Rocky” </li></ul><ul><li>Promenade (Tourists on the Menu) from “Jaws” </li></ul><ul><li>Heist from “Ocean’s Eleven” </li></ul><ul><li>The Three Level Shared Dream from “Inception” </li></ul>
  21. 21. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Editing - The process of joining all of the bits of film together to constitute the completed motion picture. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Editing - The process of joining all of the bits of film together to constitute the completed motion picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Montage – The art of creating emotional or narrative impact through editing. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Editing - The process of joining all of the bits of film together to constitute the completed motion picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Montage – The art of creating emotional or narrative impact through editing; the whole being more than the sum of the parts. </li></ul><ul><li>The Odessa Steps in “The Battleship Potemkin” </li></ul><ul><li>Watching the Neighbors in “Rear Window” </li></ul><ul><li>The Shower Scene in “Psycho” </li></ul><ul><li>Panic on the Beach in “Jaws” </li></ul>
  24. 24. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting within a scene (“ innercutting, ” “ intracutting, ” intercutting) - The process of using cut-ins to develop the narrative within a scene; cutting between details within a scene. </li></ul>http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/80550/Casablanca-video-clip-Capt-Renault-makes-a-wager-with-Rick-.html
  25. 25. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting within a scene (“ innercutting, ” “ intracutting, ” intercutting) - The process of cutting between angles, views and details within a scene to develop the scene’s narrative. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting within a scene </li></ul><ul><li>“ Requiem for a Dream” (2000) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Crosscutting (Intercutting). Cutting back and forth between two different locations or among several different locations (often in parallel or simultaneous action), or times, or dream dimensions. </li></ul><ul><li>The Rescue from “Birth of a Nation” </li></ul><ul><li>The Baptism from “The Godfather” </li></ul><ul><li>The Three Level Shared Dream from “Inception” </li></ul>
  28. 28. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Flashcutting. Using cuts that are so brief that they are barely perceptible to the human eye. Sometimes called subliminal cutting when used to establish a psychological subtext. “The Exorcist” </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TD0RJ_iuBPo
  29. 29. Technology of Motion Pictures <ul><li>Intershot Communication – Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Cutting Edge – The Magic of Movie Editing” </li></ul>

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