Gandhi's educational ideas

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Gandhi's educational ideas

  1. 2. Educational Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi www.edusparx.com
  2. 3. “ We must be the change we wish to see in the world”. ~M. K. Gandhi
  3. 4. Background <ul><li>Born on 2 nd Oct 1869 in Porbandar </li></ul><ul><li>A great socio-political reformer </li></ul><ul><li>Apostle of peace and non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Champion of the freedom movement </li></ul><ul><li>Organized Satyagraha and various other movements from 1919 to 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Died on 30 th Jan 1948 </li></ul>
  4. 5. “ In his life of truth and non-violence he could melt the differences between individuals, countries and continents.” ~Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  5. 6. His Philosophy… <ul><li>Belief in God </li></ul><ul><li>Truth, Ahimsa, Love </li></ul><ul><li>Brotherhood of Man </li></ul><ul><li>Service to Humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Satyagraha </li></ul>
  6. 7. Principles of a new social order <ul><li>Brotherhood </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Sarvodaya Samaj </li></ul>
  7. 8. Educational Philosophy <ul><li>Education as a potent force for social reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>An activity for social, moral, political & economic development </li></ul>
  8. 9. Meaning of education <ul><li>“ By education, I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in the child and man, body, mind and spirit”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Literacy in itself is not education”. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Aims of Education <ul><li>Self-supporting aim </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural developmnet </li></ul><ul><li>Character building </li></ul><ul><li>All round development </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivation of higher values of life </li></ul><ul><li>Social uplift and welfare </li></ul>
  10. 11. Curriculum <ul><li>Productive craft as the medium and focus of education </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics, social studies, general science </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing, music, P.T. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother tongue as the medium of instruction </li></ul>
  11. 12. Which Crafts? <ul><li>Spinning, weaving </li></ul><ul><li>Leather-work </li></ul><ul><li>Metal-work </li></ul><ul><li>Basket-making </li></ul><ul><li>Book-binding </li></ul><ul><li>Pottery </li></ul>
  12. 13. Methods of Teaching <ul><li>Teaching through creative and productive activities </li></ul><ul><li>Learning by doing </li></ul><ul><li>Correlation technique </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture & discussion methods </li></ul>
  13. 14. Basic Education Scheme <ul><li>Free and compulsory education for all from 7 – 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>Craft as the centre of education </li></ul><ul><li>Self-supporting education </li></ul><ul><li>Mother tongue as the medium </li></ul><ul><li>Ideals of citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operative living </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>No religious education </li></ul>
  14. 15. All the same… <ul><li>Basic Education Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Nayi Talim </li></ul><ul><li>Buniyadi Shiksha </li></ul><ul><li>Craft-based Education scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Wardha Scheme </li></ul>
  15. 16. How would you classify Gandhi’s educational philosophy? Idealistic? Naturalistic? Pragmatic?
  16. 17. Gandhi’s Contribution to Education
  17. 18. What is the relevance of Gandhi’s educational ideas in the present Indian context?
  18. 19. Compare and contrast… Gandhi’s and Dewey’s Educational Philosophy

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