Education in Emergencies: from Relief to Reconstruction www.edusparx.com
Waves of Destruction… <ul><li>Over one million children have been injured or lost family in the recent Indian Ocean tsunam...
A Ray of Hope? <ul><li>&quot;Nothing will signal hope more clearly than rebuilding and reopening schools.  Being in a lear...
Priorities outlined by UNICEF <ul><li>In India UNICEF  is working with the government to help ensure that  schools re-open...
Survival, Care & Protection… <ul><li>The first is a focus on keeping children alive, with an emphasis on clean water, adeq...
The Fourth Pillar - Education <ul><li>The fourth priority is helping children cope with their trauma by getting them back ...
Emergencies… Emergencies include natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes, and human-made crises such as civil str...
Education… <ul><li>Helps meets psychosocial needs of children and adolescents </li></ul><ul><li>Is a tool for protecting a...
Education in emergencies… <ul><li>Provides a channel for teaching new skills and values such as peace, democracy, environm...
Phase 1 – Safe spaces and Recreational Activities <ul><li>Sports and play groups </li></ul><ul><li>Music, art, drama, or o...
Phase 2 – Non-formal Education <ul><li>Beginning literacy and numeracy activities </li></ul><ul><li>Survival education: eg...
Phase 3 – Formal Education <ul><li>Reintroduction of the Curriculum based primary and secondary education </li></ul><ul><l...
The Recreational Kit <ul><li>Sport is an effective trauma therapy for children displaced by war and natural disasters.  </...
School-in-a-Box <ul><li>Used by UNICEF since the mid-1990s.  </li></ul><ul><li>Built as pre-packed kits, originally develo...
Some tasks for you… <ul><li>Design a recreational kit suitable for Indian conditions and make a list of all the items such...
And some issues… <ul><li>In emergency situations, there is usually a shortage of teachers. Suggest ways to encourage teach...
And some problems to solve… <ul><li>Suggest ways to encourage out-of-school children to come to the school. </li></ul><ul>...
Any questions?
Thank You !
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Education in Emergencies

794 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Education in Emergencies

  1. 1. Education in Emergencies: from Relief to Reconstruction www.edusparx.com
  2. 2. Waves of Destruction… <ul><li>Over one million children have been injured or lost family in the recent Indian Ocean tsunami. </li></ul><ul><li>About 75,000 teachers have been affected by the tsunami. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of school buildings have been destroyed and school systems have been hit hard. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Ray of Hope? <ul><li>&quot;Nothing will signal hope more clearly than rebuilding and reopening schools. Being in a learning environment gives children something positive to focus on, and enables the adults around them to go about the business of rebuilding with greater confidence.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li> - Carol Bellamy (Executive Director of UNICEF) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Priorities outlined by UNICEF <ul><li>In India UNICEF is working with the government to help ensure that schools re-open on time. </li></ul><ul><li>Unicef has proposed four fundamental priorities for children that are essential to the overall success of the relief effort… </li></ul>
  5. 5. Survival, Care & Protection… <ul><li>The first is a focus on keeping children alive, with an emphasis on clean water, adequate sanitation, basic nutrition, and routine medical care; </li></ul><ul><li>the second is caring for separated children; and </li></ul><ul><li>the third is protecting children from exploitation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Fourth Pillar - Education <ul><li>The fourth priority is helping children cope with their trauma by getting them back in school as quickly as possible and training adults who interact with children - such as teachers and health workers - to spot the signs of severe trauma. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Emergencies… Emergencies include natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes, and human-made crises such as civil strife and war, the latter also called “complex emergencies”. Persistent poverty, the increasing number of children living on streets, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic are silent, chronic emergencies. All emergency situations have an adverse impact on education.
  8. 8. Education… <ul><li>Helps meets psychosocial needs of children and adolescents </li></ul><ul><li>Is a tool for protecting and providing a safe space for children in emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a channel for conveying health and survival messages </li></ul><ul><li>Is a tool for social cohesion </li></ul>
  9. 9. Education in emergencies… <ul><li>Provides a channel for teaching new skills and values such as peace, democracy, environmental conservation, human rights. conflict resolution… </li></ul><ul><li>Is vital for economic and social reconstruction </li></ul>
  10. 10. Phase 1 – Safe spaces and Recreational Activities <ul><li>Sports and play groups </li></ul><ul><li>Music, art, drama, or other expressive activities </li></ul><ul><li>Storytelling, oral history or other cultural activities </li></ul><ul><li>Community service projects and other structured activities for the youth </li></ul>
  11. 11. Phase 2 – Non-formal Education <ul><li>Beginning literacy and numeracy activities </li></ul><ul><li>Survival education: eg. Health education, landmine awareness, HIV / AIDS awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Youth groups, including peer study groups to promote development of social and cognitive skills </li></ul>
  12. 12. Phase 3 – Formal Education <ul><li>Reintroduction of the Curriculum based primary and secondary education </li></ul><ul><li>Continuation of survival education </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the relevance and quality of the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of a system to attract and retain non-school going children </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Recreational Kit <ul><li>Sport is an effective trauma therapy for children displaced by war and natural disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>The kit is suitable for up to 40 children, who can participate in team sports and games under the guidance of a teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes balls for several types of games, coloured tunics for different teams, chalk and a measuring tape for marking play areas and a whistle and scoring slate. </li></ul><ul><li>The composition of this kit has been a challenge, because of regional and cultural differences in children's sports activities and games. </li></ul>
  14. 14. School-in-a-Box <ul><li>Used by UNICEF since the mid-1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>Built as pre-packed kits, originally developed by experts to provide basic education to children who had been displaced by the events in Rwanda in 1994 and were living in refugee camps. </li></ul><ul><li>The kit is supplied in a locked aluminium box; the lid can double as a blackboard when coated with the special paint included in the kit. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Some tasks for you… <ul><li>Design a recreational kit suitable for Indian conditions and make a list of all the items such a kit should contain </li></ul><ul><li>Design a School-in-a-Box that can be used in an Indian context and make a list of all the items it should include </li></ul>
  16. 16. And some issues… <ul><li>In emergency situations, there is usually a shortage of teachers. Suggest ways to encourage teachers to get involved in education in emergency situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of books and supplies is common in an emergency classroom. Suggest ways to overcome this. </li></ul>
  17. 17. And some problems to solve… <ul><li>Suggest ways to encourage out-of-school children to come to the school. </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest ways to involve youth and adolescents in the educational efforts. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Any questions?
  19. 19. Thank You !

×