• Social Networking Sites (SNS) for ELT purposes.
• Instructional Technology vs. Ed. Tech.
• Social networks vs. social network services
• Social networks vs. personal learning networks
A. Instructional Technology vs. Ed. Tech.
“The theory and practice of design, development,
utilization, management, and evaluation of processes and
resources for learning… as a part of educational
technology” – The Association for Educational Communications and
“While instructional technology covers the processes and
systems of learning and instruction, educational technology
includes other systems used in the process of developing
human capability.” – Wikipedia (2010)
o Educational Technology
• Instructional Technology
VLEs, CMSs, etc
Web 2.0 & web 3.0
Sociology: Social Networks
A social network is a social structure made of individuals
(or organizations) called "nodes" which are connected by
one or more specific types of interdependency (e.g.
friendship, kinship, financial exchange, dislike, sex, or
relationships of beliefs, knowledge or prestige.)
First used in a systematic way in1954 by J. A. Barnes.
It was used in other fields like anthropology,
communication studies, computer studies, and many
Photo credit: Konstantinos
Social Network Services/websites
Is the missing link between Web 1.0 & Web 2.0
Building and reflecting on social relations among PEOPLE
The ‘social’ aspect is highlighted through new and emerging
interaction technologies (e.g. group messaging, online
It is mostly ‘web-based’
“Social networking is in its infancy and I’m
guessing it will become as widespread as
Google’s former managing director for South Asia
Social Constructivism Theory of Learning
- Piaget (1960)
Learning by doing … & playing
Humans develop knowledge from their own experiences
Human assimilate and accommodate to ‘construct’ their own
The learner is a unique individual with unique needs &
The learner has to be active, responsible & motivate
The teacher is rather a facilitator
A social network vs. a personal learning network?
Members in social networks must be actually ‘social’
Personal learning network can simply be acquiring
info without contributing in return
Alan Levine (2007)
Guidelines for Educators Using Social
and Educational Networking Sites
Use Educational networking sites rather than just social
networking sites (e.g. teachertube vs. youtube)
When online, maintain your professional image all the time in
your communications and media sharing with students,
parents, or others.
It is important to maintain a professional relationship with
students to avoid relationships that could cause bias in the
classroom. (Don’t grant your students access to your personal
Guidelines for the use of social networking sites
by professional staff Hegna & Johnson (2009).
Do not accept students as friends on personal SNS. Decline any student-
initiated friend requests.
Do not initiate friendships with students
Remember that people classified as “friends” have the ability to download and
share your information with others.
Post only what you want the world to see. Imagine your students, their parents,
your administrator, visiting your site. On a SNS, basically once you post
something it may be available, even after it is removed from the site.
Do not discuss students or coworkers or publicly criticize school policies or
Visit your profile’s security and privacy settings. At a minimum, educators
should have all privacy settings set to “only friends”. “Friends of friends” and
“Networks and Friends” open your content to a large group of unknown
people. Your privacy and that of your family may be a risk.
Guidelines for the use of educational networking
sites by professional staff
Hegna & Johnson (2009).
Let your administrator, fellow teachers and parents know about your
When available, use school-supported networking tools.
Do not say or do any thing that you would not say or do in as a teacher
in the classroom.
Have a clear statement of purpose and outcomes for the use of the
networking tool. Establish a code of conduct for all network
Do not post images that include students without parental release forms
Pay close attention to the site's security settings and allow only approved
participants access to the site.
ATHERTON J S (2009) Learning and teaching; constructivism in learning. Retrieved:
Jan. 2010, from: http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/
Barnes, J. A. Class and committees in a Norwegian island parish", Human Relations
Garrison, R. & Anderson. T. (2003). E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Framework for
Research and Practice. Routledge.
Piaget, J. (1983). Piaget's theory. In P. Mussen (ed). Handbook of Child Psychology.
4th ed. Vol. 1. New York: Wiley.
Hegna, J. & Johnson, D. (2009). Guidelines for Educators Using Social and Educational
Networking Sites. The Blue Skunk Blog. Retrieved: Jan. 2010, from: http://doug-
Levine, A. (2007). Social networking for teachers. Retrieved: Jan. 2010, from: http://
Wikipedia website (2010). Instructional Technology. Retrieved: Jan. 2010, from: