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M-Learning in Your ESL Classroom

  1. M-LEARNING IN YOUR CLASSROOM Ismail Fayed English Lecturer & eLearning Facilitator Foundation Program Department of English ifayed [at] Twitter: @tweet4education Qatar University & Qatar TESOL PD Event, November 2013
  2. Outline • Introduction • MLearning potentials • MLearning projects worldwide • MLearning trends • MLearning teaching ideas and practices • Designing a web-based mobile app
  3. Introduction • Smartphones threaten the existence of physical books. • Mobile subscriptions 87% of world population (International Telecommunication Union, 2011) • The number of mobile phones today covers threequarters of the world’s population (The World Bank, 2012) • ICT adoption with an ICT household penetration rate of 84% as of 2010 (Qatar’s ICT Landscape Report, 2011) • 3.9 mobile phones per household in Qatar • 95% of their students are connected to the Internet within their universities.
  4. “A household in Qatar owns three mobile phones, two computers, and one smartphone. Qatari youth are leading the way in ICT penetration and smartphone usage… ” Qatar’s ICT Landscape report (2013)
  5. M-Learning (Background) • Mobile learning (m-learning) is the “ability to acquire or share educational content on personal pocket devices such as PDAs, smartphones and mobile phones”, (MOBL21, 2013). • Still not clear for many educators how to start. • Students might be more ready and ahead of their teachers in using PADs and Smartphones! • In education, they are still considered of “surface disruptive” nature but it is not if it is well represented through m-learning, (UNESCO Mobile Learning, 2011) • According to the same report, mobiles now create strong new identities, ideas & content through the “massive social networking potentials”. • Gradually removes the walls or barriers between formal and informal education.
  6. • M-learning represents a new form of digital personalized learning where: content, interactivity, access, simulation, responses, engagement, assessment and tracking are all available at once in a small connected and portable device. • Careful planning still needs to take place to adopt this massive change in learning. • M-learning might, and most probably is going to, replace the common e-learning solutions. • Smartphones and PADs are probably going to replace laptops and desktops. • The explosive spread of mobile devices as a good opportunity to combine work, study and leisure time in meaningful ways. (Turunen, 2003)
  7. • Reference to the quality of learning, online communities, mobile and personalized learning were among several other topics addressed by (Ally, 2009). • As applied technology, teachers now collaboratively attempt to share best practices and m-learning innovative teaching tips using social networks under creative common licenses, (Barret, 2011). • Key channels of learning, communication and sharing through mobiles are via SMS, voice, document, audio, video and interactivity. (Quinn, 2011) • Each of these channels could represent a separate field of research but all of them together in one mobile device represent an exceptional opportunity for bringing learning autonomy to the hands of young learners.
  8. • Augmented reality to increase performance and pleasure of mobile learning (Wang et. al 2009 and Brewer, 2006) . • Ubiquitous learning as “personalizing the learning experience”   [no limitations in terms of time, place or even individual learning preferences & needs. (Graf & Sabine, 2008) • accommodating learners’ differences through m-learning leads to more quality and effective learning. (Graf & Sabine, 2008)
  10. New potentials and opportunities  access information,  communicate and manipulate data and media content.  communicate with other learners  use the target language 24/7!  track learners’ progress and performance  from receptive to productive skills  increased productivity, interactivity and functionality. (Shinagawa, 2012)  recording and sharing media (Glavnici et al., 2009; Hu & Huang, 2010)  digital fun
  11. Mlearning projects (UN Report: West, 2012)
  12. M-Learning Initiatives in the Arab World • iPad tablet PCs in all UAE universities as of 2012 (The New York Times, 2012 & Swan, 2012) • Qatar 2013: “e-bag” project in 15 independent schools so far • Qatar 2013: iPad tablets in The Foundation City (Carnegie Mellon University Qatar, Northwestern University in Qatar, Georgetown University in Qatar, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Virginia Commonwealth University in Qatar) • Egypt 2012-13: The “Inar” Andriod tablets in all schools
  13. Possible mobile-mediated learning strategies • Pairing and sharing, peer reviews, threadeddiscussions and scaffolding; • Authentic teaching resources “using real pictures, animations, YouTube videos for descriptive paragraph, showing and discussing their social media pages & watching/ listening to video clips.” (Gromik, 2012)
  14. M-Learning Components • Hardware: (iOS/ Andriod/ Windows/ ??) • Apps & Features: (web 2.0 websites vs. other apps) • Curriculum: (Textbooks &lesson activities related to learning goals but supported by mobile devices) • Lesson plans • Assessment (of learning) • Teacher (training, understanding, attitudes, collaboration) • Students (training, understanding, attitudes) • Feedback & evaluation (ongoing)
  15. The Capabilities/Affordances of Mobile Computing • Camera (capturing video and images, augmented reality, • Quick Response (QR) code reading) • Document viewer (eBook, PDF) • Geo-location (GPS, geo-fencing, mapping) • Internal sensors (accelerometer, barometer, compass, gyroscope, proximity) • Media viewer / playback (image, video, audio, podcast) • Microphone (voice recording, podcast) • Notification (alert, sound, vibrate) • Search (discovery, quick-reference, search engine) • Short-range communication (Bluetooth, Near Field • Communication (NFC), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Wi-Fi) • Text message (SMS), Multimedia & Message Service (MMS) • Touchscreen interaction • Voice / phone communications Woodill, 2013
  16. Charging, Syncing & Securing Multiple Tablet Devices
  19. It is all about your ideas!
  20. QU Learn App Download link: Video demo:
  21. QR codes You could present information /assignments / feedback to learners by generating QR codes that can be read by their smart phones. @charlottelovie (Barret, 2012)
  22. Homework Diaries Phones can replace homework diaries: setting work and reminders are an easy way for pupils to engage with learning! Dear Diary by incurable_hippie @stuart_g_brown
  23. Quick Research Grouping students together with internet phones can be an innovative way to undertake research tasks. Provided boundaries are set then it can prove a great success! Office: research in progress by wili_hybrid @stuart_g_brown
  24. Take a quick poll of your audience Use any one of the many polling services to have your audience send a quick response to an SMS short code. One example of a service is @Thespian70 Vote by alancleaver_2000
  25. Take a picture! Take photos of work from the board, examples of models, posters or other things that can't be glued inside a book. If they contain video recorders, students can film short sketches which could then be bluetoothed to the teacher to be shared. @davestacey
  26. Video! When demonstrating a technical sequence get a class expert with a phone to record it. Then once video sent to you via Bluetooth / cable / wifi / whatever, you can place on LAN or share to class via Youtube / Vimeo / whatever. This can then be added to a class blog, added to an intranet / VLE so forth and so on. Image courtesy of @ICTEvangelist | Mark Anderson
  27. GPS (geolocation) Use augmented reality virtual tours around museums or historical places. A nice game could be “seek and spell”:
  28. Voice recorder Collect audio evidence / feedback on work. Add to portfolio as evidence of peer feedback / learning / development - transfer to machine via bluetooth / wifi / email / etc and link up by embedding / storing on intranet etc. Voice recorder could be used for other purposes too such as: interview | recording instructions | podcast style notes | keywords for revision | add your own here @ICTEvangelist | Mark Anderson Image courtesy of Morrhigan:
  29. Captain's log! • Set a class task of recording a personal log for a week. • Students can use voice or video. • Logs can be edited prior to sharing - add images or text using movie software. • Give a frame work or theme as start point (Letters, numbers, colors or simply 'Today, I ...’ ) @thosethatcan Photo credit:
  30. Calling an expert/ Class interview Teachers can use a cellphone alone or with some special apps to make a video or voice call with an expert in order to achieve certain objectives in the classroom, and their students can use it also in a group work. When you have many groups working at the same time, each group will have an interview with an expert of a certain topic of which it can be a project or a collaborative classroom activity. by @missnoor28
  31. A fun way of learning a language - Translation: with a text or a picture.. - Spelling : Flashcards, games, crosswords.. - Listening: Podcasts, stories, recorded audio files, radio,.. - Reading: Articles and e-books from a pdf reader, google .. - Writing: Text messages or notes tobe send by bluetooth. - Projects: like podcasting, visualize list of vocabulary, pictures for vocabulary cards... by @missnoor28
  32. A digital Storytelling tool Digital storytelling projects can be easily implemented with cell phones because of their ability of : Audio Recording,Photosharing, Video Webcasting ,Video Recording, saving chat logs and writing text messages… with a publishing option for some apps to a website All of these elements are necessary in a digital storytelling project. By @missnoor28
  33. E-reader or Text Book Option Students access full text websites and use the cell phone as an e-reader or text book. For teaching Shakespeare, there's an app for that! Photo from my classroom April 2011 by Lee Ann Spillane @spillarke
  34. Dictionary or Word Play Pal Students with texting plans can text Google (466-453) to define a word by sending define: (put word here). Responses returned in less than 30 seconds. Or if word play is what vocabulary learners need try the app or Words With Friends. Photo from my classroom April 2011 by Lee Ann Spillane @spillarke
  35. Make Comics Strip Designer is a great app for creating comics on an iPad, iPod touch or iPhone. Comics are a great way of getting children to record or report on their experiences & learning. App can upload to flickr, twitpic, email (posterous) etc. @johnjohnston
  36. Create and Collaborate on Google Docs Now that Google allows mobile editing of Google Docs files from iOS and other mobile devices, student class collaboration can stay portable. image source: <> @EvolvedTech!5692386/now-you-can-create-and-edit-google-docs-on-ipad-iphone-and-android
  37. Use iTranslate/ Google translate to "Speak" Many Languages When two new non-English speaking students entered my class, we used iTranslate to assist conversation Later we used this app for learning endeavors. @lookforsun
  38. Create a mobile app (Winksite) • Create App: • Edit App:
  39. References 68 Interesting Ways to use an iPad in the Classroom, Barret, T. (2012) Ed.: 32 Interesting Ways* to use Mobile Phones in the Classroom. Barret, T. (2012) Ed.: Al-Buainain, H. A. H., Fouad Khalil Madani, Ahmed. (2012). Needs of English By Graduates of Qatar University in the Workplace. The International Journal - Language Society and Culture(31), 18-27. Al-Misnad, S. (2007). Meeting the Challenges of the Labour Market Retrieved January 2013, from Ally, M. (2009). Mobile learning: transforming the delivery of education and training. In M. Ally (Ed.). Edmonton: AU Press. AlTork, H. (2012). Unifiying the curricula to support e-Learning, AlRaya. Retrieved from Barret, T. (2011). Interesting Ways in the Classroom, from Brewer, D. J., Charles A. Goldman, Catherine H. Augustine, Gail L. Zellman, Gery W. Ryan, Cathleen Stasz and Louay Constant. . (2006). An Introduction to Qatar’s Primary and Secondary Education Reform Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation Clough, G., JONES, A., McAndrew, P., & Scanlon, E. (2009). Informal learning evidence in online communities of mobile device enthusiasts. Mobile Learning, 99. Deci, E., L., & Ryan, R., M. (2008). Self-Determination Theory: A Macrotheory of Human Motivation, Development, and Health. Canadian Psychology, 49(3). ECAR report. (2012). ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology Erton, I. (2010). Relations between personality traits, language learning styles and success in foreign language achievement. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 38, 126. Graf, S., & Sabine, K. (2008). Adaptivity and Personalization in Ubiquitous Learning Systems. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering of the Austrian Computer Society on HCI and Usability for Education and Work, Graz, Austria. Kukulska-Hulme, A., & Pettit, J. (2006). Practitioners as innovators: Emergent practice in personal mobile teaching, learning, work and leisure. In M. Ally (Ed.), Mobile Learning Transforming the Delivery of Education and Training (pp. 135-155): Athabasca University Press. Lacey, F. (2007). Autonomy, never, never, never! Independence IATEFL Learner Autonomy SIG, 42, 4-8.
  40. QU Student Profile. (2012). Student Profile Spring 2012: Institutional Research Department. Quinn, C. N. (2011). Mobile Learning: Landscape and Trends. The eLearning Guild. Rekkedal, T., & Dye, A. (2007). Mobile Distance Learning with PDAs: Development and testing of pedagogical and system solutions supporting mobile distance learners. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 8(2), 51-74. Supreme Education Council. (2013). SEC Launches First Phase of ‘E-Bag’ Project Today Retrieved 28 February 2013, from Swan, M. (2012). HCT and UAE University students to learn using iPads The National. Retrieved from Teachers' Network. (2012). Experts Interview with David Kaufer - Head of English at Carnegie Mellon University, , Jan. 2013, from The International Telecommunication Union. (2011). The World in 2011: ICT Facts and Figures: he International Telecommunication Union The New York Times. (2012). HAMDAN, S. U.A.E. Moves Toward Paperless Classrooms, The New York Times. Retrieved from The World Bank. (2012). Mobile Phone Access Reaches Three Quarters of Planet's Population World Bank Report. Traxler, J. (2007). Current State of Mobile Learning. International Review on Research in Open and Distance Learning, Vol. 8, No. 2. (2007), pp. 9-24, 8(2), 9-24. Turunen H, S. A., Ahonen M (Ed.). (2003). Supporting observation tasks in a primary school with the help of mobile devices. Vienna: Passagen Verlag. UNESCO Mobile Learning. (2011). UNESCO Mobile learning week report UNESCO ICTs in Education. Paris: UNESCO. Woodill, G. (2011). THE MOBILE LEARNING EDGE: Tools and Technologies for Developing Your Teams: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. .
  41. Thank you

Editor's Notes

  1. Whether the issue is theft, storage, or convenience, educators are looking for solutions regarding the managing of multiple iPads. There is a variety of products available in the markets in the form of cabinets and carts. They help teachers charge, sync, and secure multiple tablets simultaneously, making for easy management.