Exploring the Impact of Using Tablet Devices in Enhancing Students Listening and Speaking Skills in Tertiary Education
Exploring the Impact of Using Tablet Devices in
Enhancing Students Listening and Speaking
Skills in Tertiary Education
Ismail Fayed, Amer Yacoub & Ali Hussein
firstname.lastname@example.org - Amer.email@example.com - firstname.lastname@example.org
"This free learning app was made possible by a UREP research award [UREP 11-141-5-024] from the Qatar National Research
Fund (a member of The Qatar Foundation). The content included made herein is solely the responsibility of the author."
This study attempts to achieve the following objectives:
• Explore learners' ideas and perceptions
• Explore the influence of smartphones on learners’
motivation to learn English
• Define m-learning activities, applications or websites
• Explore students’ performance with m-learning activities
• Level 1 - 4 Ss in the Foundation English Program at Qatar
• Data collected from a variety of sources:
• A questionnaire of students perceptions to quantify learners'
perceptions about mobile/ tablet use for language learning and oral
• Short interviews with random students samples
• Pre-test and Post-test for two different classes
M-Learning in the classroom
The growing potentials of M-learning
• Improved mobile devices
• Major ventures
Using mobile devices to support learning.
• In class
• At home
Challenges with mobile learning.
• Resources compatible with all mobile types.
• Available, inexpensive and
• Only requires an internet
• Works with all mobile devices.
BBC Learning English “Express English”
Example: Listening Activity
- Choose an interesting topic.
- Take out some difficult words and share them with the
students, to learn their meaning.
- Post the words on Whatsapp, a day before the activity
and ask the students to discuss their meaning.
- Or ask the students to use their mobile dictionaries in
class, just before the activity, to learn the meaning and
pronunciation of the words.
• Share the link of the website on
Whatsapp or any other medium and
then tell the students to listen to the
audio or watch the video.
• Tell the students to take some notes,
while listening and focus on the main
idea and some details.
Using YouTube in class has many benefits.
- Genres: Films, documenters
- Compatible with all devices.
Short Film Activity
- Devise a comprehension activity using Google Docs, Hot Potatoes
etc. based on a short film available on YouTube.
- The students learn the meaning and pronunciation of the words
using a mobile a dictionary app.
During class, the students watch the film and then answer the
- Each student writes a short paragraph about the main idea, or what
they have learnt from the film.
- The students can be asked to share their paragraphs on
Whatsapp, or write them down on a piece of paper.
- The teacher reads some of the paragraphs in order to create a
- Alternatively, the students may be asked to create a short
conversation, on the theme of the film, practice it and then record
the conversation with the video or audio tools available on their
Australian Network Vodcasts App
Australia Network is Australia’s
international television and online
service, broadcasting 24/7 across
46 countries in Asia, the Pacific and
the Indian sub-continent and is
brought to you by the Australian
Broadcasting Corporation. This free
Australia Network app for iPhone
offers you direct access to Australia
Network news, sport, TV guide,
English language learning
resources, other Australia Network
video content and streams Radio
Australia! The app also provides
emergency consular alert push
WhatsApp Messenger is a crossplatform mobile messaging app which
allows you to exchange messages
without having to pay for SMS.
WhatsApp Messenger is available for
iPhone, BlackBerry, Android, Windows
Phone and Nokia and yes, those
phones can all message each other!
Because WhatsApp Messenger uses
the same internet data plan that you use
for email and web browsing, there is no
cost to message and stay in touch with
In addition to basic messaging
WhatsApp users can create groups,
send each other unlimited images,
video and audio media messages.
• Android: http://www.androidtapp.com/dictionary-com/
• App store: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/dictionary.com-dictionary/id308750436?mt=8
Dictionary.com is the official app,
unsurprisingly, of Dictionary.com, one
of the best known dictionary
websites on the Internet (certainly
the easiest to remember). Obviously
the app helps you find correct
spellings of words and word
definitions, but it also comes with a
load of additional features that
makes this more than just a
reference application when you
forget the correct spelling of
TED Mobile App
• App store: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/ted/id376183339?mt=8
- A totally new look.
- You can watch your video
- You can now download the
videos and watch them
• Popular: 105 Arab respondents age 16-26
• 40% female students use smartphones.
• 73% have a smartphone and 13% of them also had a tablet
device (e.g., iPad/ Galaxy). 28% of students had more than
• Most students use mobiles for communicating (texting,
chatting, speaking to friends and surfing the internet)
Listening to audio files, writing notes
and using the alarm clock
were very popular features
(81%) on “weekly” basis
second popular choice 50%
“Taking photos” and “watching videos”
were also very popular features
80% of their daily/ weekly mobile
Using Blackboard, (assignments and
were of the most common
features (50% - 75%).
Polls, speaking to teachers, listening to
lectures, watching video materials/
slides, games, reading study materials or
sending messages to teachers
“accessing the university LMS” as well as “completing
(50% - 75%)
“looking up words in electronic dictionaries”
(50% - 75%)
“chatting, practicing quizzes, participating in discussion
using “polls”, speaking to teachers, listening to lectures,
watching video materials/ slides, games, reading study
materials or sending messages to teachers.
Learners’ overall perceptions & concerns
Smart mobiles are very expensive.
Smart mobiles privacy & security are threatened.
I don’t know how to use a smart phone.
We don’t have enough internet bandwidth/ wireless
connection to use a smart phone properly.
M-Learning Potentials & Challenges
Mobile learning is the future of e-learning
Mobile learning will not help me develop.
Mobile learning motivates me to learn more wherever I am.
Mobile learning is going to develop more in the near future
More courses need to adopt mobile learning solutions in
order to facilitate our learning
Teachers need to develop more mobile learning activities
Mobile learning is more personalized sort of learning for me
personally than the activities done in the classroom.
• Arab learners are strongly attached to their
• Smartphones are motivating for students. They are
ready to use them for learning and practicing ESL.
• Arab students appreciate smartphones as great tools for
communication. But they still need to fully understand
their potentials as learning devices.
• Many students already use their smartphones for
practicing listening and speaking skills. They need
more help and encouragement from their teachers and
• In your opinion, what is the best tablet/smartphone and why?
• What kind of mobile tablet/smartphone do you possess?
• Why have you decided to purchase this type of tablet/smartphone?
• What built in features do mobile tablet/smartphone offer?
• What mobile/smart board services do you mostly use and why?
• Can you use mobile tablet/smartphone to learn English?
• Can mobile tablet/smartphone distract students in class?
• What kind of applications do you have on your mobile tablet/smartphone?
• In your opinion, what are the best mobile tablet/smartphone applications and why?
• Do you know of any applications that can be used in learning?
• Have you used any of these applications before?
• Do you know of any applications that can be used to learn English?
• Which is better using a textbook or a mobile tablet/smartphone for learning, and why?
• In your opinion, can mobile tablet/smartphone features and applications encourage you
to learn more? Why/Why not?
• Introduce m-learning by all universities.
• Find good websites and applications for learning.
• Use communication apps like Whatsapp.
• Use an online/app dictionary
• Check websites/apps compatibility with Android, IOS or
• Develop listening and speaking skills by many apps