Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Proto-Indo-European

31$-'§: "_". >.i2i». Lric /  TOCI-IARIAN
PM >BALTo-sLAvi

“NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO,  IAN

CR‘ SO...
Proto-Indo-European

Liumlnii / ’  ’
. - BAI. 'l'l(‘.  TOCI-IARIAN
: ':'; ' >BAi. To-si. Avi
0 I . 

s'"yV| I.S'l' SLM lgs...
Proto-Indo-European

3'3-'§: "_". >.r2i». Lric /  TOCI-IARIAN
PM >i3Ai. To-si. Avi

“NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO,  IAN

C...
Proto-Indo-European

3'3-'§: "_". >.r2.». Liic /  TOCI-IARIAN
PM >I3Ai. To-sI. AvI

“NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO,  IAN

C...
Proto-Indo-European

3'3-'§: "_". >.r2.». Liic /  TOCI-IARIAN
PM >I3Ai. To-sI. AvI

SIOVIV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO,  IAN...
Proto-Indo-European

E': m“. ".. }-BALTIC /   TOCHARIAN
PM _ >BALTO-SLAVI
SMVW EST sLAvlC SLA VIC INDO,  [AN
Cm SOUTH smc ...
Proto-Indo-European

iii? -'§: "f. >.sALric /  TOCHARIAN
PM >BALTo-sLAv1

“NV WEST SLAVlC S LA VIC INDO,  IAN

CR‘ SOUTH S...
Proto-Indo-European

iii? -'§: "f. >.sAiiic /  TOCHARIAN
PM >BALTo-si. Avi

Sh‘.  WEST SLAVlC [N004 '] AN

SLA VIC
Cziec /...
Proto-Indo-European

ili'L$"_". >-araiiric /  ‘ TOCHARIAN
PM _ >BALTO-SLAVI
SMVW EST sLAvlC SLA VIC INDO,  [AN
Cm SOUTH sm...
Tocharians

This Caucasian tniimniy.  found preserved in the dry sands ofthe Taklaniakan
Desert in westem China in I978. l...
Tocharians

Known as the “Beauty of Loulan. " This mummy dates to
about 2000 B. (‘.  Found in Loulan,  at the east end oft...
Tocharians

   

 

“ “~
.3,’
I
J ,  A “  ~ t 4,‘!  ’. 
V W 1"“ . r ‘ x. ’ ‘H  _ ‘ . 
x _ . . _ ,  l V .  I. 
E‘ l x,  3. ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Indo-European Language Tree

Slidecast with audio narration explaining the Indo-European family of languages.

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to comment

Indo-European Language Tree

  1. 1. Proto-Indo-European 31$-'§: "_". >.i2i». Lric / TOCI-IARIAN PM >BALTo-sLAvi “NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC V sue-nan / more Macedonia? SLAWC Scdto-Cmuian Ukmiriim GE ANIC 'R”‘N"‘N smsxnn R“""" Albanian Armenian I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Nol'VItcg'IIlI C TIC ANA-r LIAN Pahlavi Punjabi. Swedish WEST GERMANIC P l 0 Gugarati Dmish Baluehi Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl [T [C Lyd'im Got it: ‘fish Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High Gcnnan Pmugmc ““““" “°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BMW Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. Rumuuan
  2. 2. Proto-Indo-European Liumlnii / ’ ’ . - BAI. 'l'l(‘. TOCI-IARIAN : ':'; ' >BAi. To-si. Avi 0 I . s'"yV| I.S'l' SLM lgsl Avlc INDO, [AN EL. S°”“ I INDK‘ 21". i.'? .‘L‘. ':. '.. ..7.. 351-“ts an GE llknirii ANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R""""' Albanian Armenian I I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Nomegiari C TIC ANA-r LIAN Palilavi Punjabi Swedish WEST GERMANIC P Pd“ Gujarati Duiish BIIIWTII Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl [T [C Lydim Got ic ‘fish Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTI-IONIC “TIN GREEK Low German l | Highgfiemian Pmugmc ““““" Epanltash The lndo-European Language Family ‘ata n Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. French Italian Rllflllllilll
  3. 3. Proto-Indo-European 3'3-'§: "_". >.r2i». Lric / TOCI-IARIAN PM >i3Ai. To-si. Avi “NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC I Bule-Mn / more Macedonia? SLAWC Scdio-Cmuian Ukrairiian IANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R“"I”‘ Albanian Armenian I Hindi . . . Unhi Iceland‘ “MT” "“““" Pasha Bengali Norwegian _ C TIC ANATPUAN Palilavi Punjaliii Swr-is WEST GERMA. lC Giuarati . Pdito Darn 4 mhwhi Assamese E. -Sl’ GER. lANlC GAELIC [T [C HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" Englls | fl ' L . . ydian f»? -1" “""“ BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High German 6: ‘ “"""' “°“" sparhsr. The lndo-European Language Family BMW Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. Rllflllllilll
  4. 4. Proto-Indo-European 3'3-'§: "_". >.r2.». Liic / TOCI-IARIAN PM >I3Ai. To-sI. AvI “NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC I Bule-Mn / more Macedonia? SLAWC Serlio-Cmariari Ukrainian GE ANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R“"I”‘ Albanian Armenian I Hindi Unfit Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pasha Bengali Ncirweg'iari C TIC ANA-r LIAN Palilavi Piinjaliii Swedish WEST GERMANIC P l 0 Giyarati Duiish Baluchi Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English 4 IT IC Lyd'im Got ic "HI 6" . Scottish Gaelic rinrriioxic “TIN GREEK I. owGerrnIin l | High Gemian Pmugmc “‘I‘I“" “""' sparhsr. The lndo-European Language Family Bum“ Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. Rllflllllilll
  5. 5. Proto-Indo-European 3'3-'§: "_". >.r2.». Liic / TOCI-IARIAN PM >I3Ai. To-sI. AvI SIOVIV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC I Bule-Mn / more Macedonia? SLAVIC scrho-crnar LlliH: |a’iriim GE ANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R“""" Albanian Armenian I Hindi Urdu WWI I NORTH GERMANIC C TIC my Beam Ncirwegiari ‘ ANAT LIAN Pahlavi Piinjalii Swedish wrzsr GERMANIC ham Gujarati Duiish Baluchi Assamese ensr GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl IT LIC Lydim Got ic I'M‘ Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTI-IONIC Mn” GREER I. owGerrnIin l Hlighgcnnm Portuguese “‘I‘I“" ‘; I:“I' Spanish The lndo-European Language Family [on C atxlln Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. French Italian Riimaaiaa
  6. 6. Proto-Indo-European E': m“. ".. }-BALTIC / TOCHARIAN PM _ >BALTO-SLAVI SMVW EST sLAvlC SLA VIC INDO, [AN Cm SOUTH smc I “K : ;': 'o: ;:': / INDIC . SLAVIC Lrmmm GE ANIC 'R"‘N"‘N smsxmr R“""" Albanian Anncniun I Hindi Urdu lccland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Nomygun C TIC ANA-r LIAN mum Pmfjabi. SM: d:h WEST GERMANIC P I 0 Guumtl Dmis . Assumes: . Bel 1: EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kur‘: isIlI R°'“"" Enlg_| ish fl [T [C Lydim 3:33" 0° '° . .1~. ..¢; ... a Scottish Garlic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High Gcnmm Pmupmc ““““" “'°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BM” Catalan hm“! Th’: languagc In: is somewhat simplified to show mm“ grcalcr ddnil in thc Eumpcan side. puniculnrly the Gctmnnic branch. Rumannn
  7. 7. Proto-Indo-European iii? -'§: "f. >.sALric / TOCHARIAN PM >BALTo-sLAv1 “NV WEST SLAVlC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC V sue-nan / mmc Macedonia? SLAWC Sclbo-Cmuian Ukrainian GE ANIC 'R”‘N"‘N smsxnn R“”"”‘ Albanian . -r| naIian I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Norm! » C “C ANATOLIAN MIN Miwi, Swtdfih WEST GERMANIC P l 0 Giyarali Dmish Baluchi Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl [T [C Lydh; Got ic ‘fish Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High Gcnnaa Pmugmc ““““" “°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BMW Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. panicularly the Germanic branch. Rumuuan
  8. 8. Proto-Indo-European iii? -'§: "f. >.sAiiic / TOCHARIAN PM >BALTo-si. Avi Sh‘. WEST SLAVlC [N004 '] AN SLA VIC Cziec / . SOUTH SLAVIV BUIEJMD ll'DI(‘. Macedonian 7 SLAWC Setho-Cmuian , Ukniinian lRAII/ ‘N SANSKRIT R“""" Albanian Amman I I llildi UNI! Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Penilan Bengali Norwegian C TIC ANAT LIAN Pallnvi Punjahi Swedish WEST GERMANIC P. H Gujarati Dmish H ‘I L Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kunisli R‘"""'°' English fl [T [C Lydim BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l I High Gennaa . . , Portuguue _ ““““" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family Catalan , . . 4 . Fmut tiI: l:ci: :soma~halk. :niplihodltni:1sh3Iw "aim" E er I III “WWII! E . PIINICII ) C Gcmianie branch. Rllflllllllll
  9. 9. Proto-Indo-European ili'L$"_". >-araiiric / ‘ TOCHARIAN PM _ >BALTO-SLAVI SMVW EST sLAvlC SLA VIC INDO, [AN Cm SOUTH smc I “K m / INDIC . SLAVIC IJkrninian GE ANIC IRANIAN smsxrur R“""" Albanian Arrrieriian I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Norwegian C TIC ANA-r LIAN Pahlavi Punjabi. Swedish WEST GERMANIC P I 0 Giuamti Dumb Lyciiai Balm! “ lltimniyc EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC mm. “ Kurdish English fl [T [C Lydim 3:33" 0° '° . .1~a. a.. .a Scottish Gaelic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l I High German Pmupmc “‘I““" “'°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BM” Catalan hm“! Th’: language tree is somewhat sinrplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. panicularly the Germanic branch. Rllllllllllll
  10. 10. Tocharians This Caucasian tniimniy. found preserved in the dry sands ofthe Taklaniakan Desert in westem China in I978. lived about 3500 years ago according to rzidincarhnn dating. Many other similar (‘ziuczisian mummies have heen found nearby. There IS no way to prove that they are ‘Foehariatis. but since they were found in the same general area as the Toeharinn inaniiscripts‘. we may reasonably assume that they were. This mummy is known as Chcrchcn Man. Another View of Cherchen Man. When alive. he was si. feet tall. He wears a red twill tunic and tartan legguigs. His hair is reddish brown with llecks ut‘grv. -y. He was about forty years old when he died.
  11. 11. Tocharians Known as the “Beauty of Loulan. " This mummy dates to about 2000 B. (‘. Found in Loulan, at the east end ofthe Taklamakan Desert, she was also about 40 years old when she died. Below left is an artist's reconstruction of her face. ' ‘rs z’ _' i‘__ _ :4 L‘', ”‘,5. ’,‘: ‘v/ ',/ / ‘ . ff T‘: ‘_°“(’t’4'_’, "i ' / ' ‘ (‘l‘‘ 1 - i - t‘ ‘ ‘ . J-» t‘. »— This mummy. a man of about 40 with reddish-blond hair. was also found in a desert grave in westcm China.
  12. 12. Tocharians “ “~ .3,’ I J , A “ ~ t 4,‘! ’. V W 1"“ . r ‘ x. ’ ‘H _ ‘ . x _ . . _ , l V . I. E‘ l x, 3. A . ~:_. ;t. ,'>R/ .-, This woman had long reddish-blond braids This woman with long blonde hair and eyes and. like the other mummies. wore clothing with gauged out may have been a sacrificial victim. Celtic-style weaving and patterns. . The baby below was found in the same grave. , J . _ _ I -‘ I . , -‘T g Y Q fi' 4 , '‘t - 1- K 1 - n‘ V A

×