Indo-European Language Tree

22,118 views

Published on

Slidecast with audio narration explaining the Indo-European family of languages.

Published in: Technology
7 Comments
38 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • how can i download?
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • hey how can i download it?
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • An extract of my book published on www.amazon.com
    'Gods Dictionary'
    A Complete Analysis of World’s Languages
    तुझा देवत्व-योद्यामध्ये भरतीचा सीधासाधा राजमार्ग
    O! Earth Habitats, Learn Gods’ & goddesses’ own Maratha Language & Grammar. After Learning/ Knowing Gods Own Language, Anyone Can Understand, Any Unknown Foreign Language Of This Universe.So Henceforth No Need to Learn That Perticular Language.After Refering The GodsDictionary No Need To Purchase or Refer Any Other Languages Dictionaries.Books or Borrow Any Transliteration/Transcription Services Any More.Thus Save Your Lot of Money,Energy Headeach & Invaluable Time.Since The GodsDictionary Also Teaches You The Gods/goddesses Own Universal Single & Only One Maratha/Marathi Language, Made For The One Universe.So Just Throw Away All Worlds Danavic Languages Dictionaries Books And All Foreign Languages Learning Books Into DustBin.Do Not Attend Foreign Languages Learning Cources.SINCE NOW GODS/goddesses OWN LANGUAGE HAS NOW ARRIVED FOR OUR ONLY ONE UNIVERSE.The Universe Is One So The Language Is One Accommodating All Worlds Languages All Scripts At The Same Time.THE WORLD IS ALREADY HAVING ONE COMMON GODS MARATHA LANGUAGE PLATFORM.
    Sunil Maruti Palaskar
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Thanks, kfohoro. I'm glad you're getting use out of it. I have some other slidecasts that relate to English language history at http://pages.towson.edu/duncan/helhome.html.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Thanks for sharing this presentation! My students and I listen to it every year to help us understand the Indo-European Language family.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
22,118
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2,218
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
7
Likes
38
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Indo-European Language Tree

  1. 1. Proto-Indo-European 31$-'§: "_". >.i2i». Lric / TOCI-IARIAN PM >BALTo-sLAvi “NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC V sue-nan / more Macedonia? SLAWC Scdto-Cmuian Ukmiriim GE ANIC 'R”‘N"‘N smsxnn R“""" Albanian Armenian I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Nol'VItcg'IIlI C TIC ANA-r LIAN Pahlavi Punjabi. Swedish WEST GERMANIC P l 0 Gugarati Dmish Baluehi Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl [T [C Lyd'im Got it: ‘fish Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High Gcnnan Pmugmc ““““" “°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BMW Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. Rumuuan
  2. 2. Proto-Indo-European Liumlnii / ’ ’ . - BAI. 'l'l(‘. TOCI-IARIAN : ':'; ' >BAi. To-si. Avi 0 I . s'"yV| I.S'l' SLM lgsl Avlc INDO, [AN EL. S°”“ I INDK‘ 21". i.'? .‘L‘. ':. '.. ..7.. 351-“ts an GE llknirii ANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R""""' Albanian Armenian I I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Nomegiari C TIC ANA-r LIAN Palilavi Punjabi Swedish WEST GERMANIC P Pd“ Gujarati Duiish BIIIWTII Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl [T [C Lydim Got ic ‘fish Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTI-IONIC “TIN GREEK Low German l | Highgfiemian Pmugmc ““““" Epanltash The lndo-European Language Family ‘ata n Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. French Italian Rllflllllilll
  3. 3. Proto-Indo-European 3'3-'§: "_". >.r2i». Lric / TOCI-IARIAN PM >i3Ai. To-si. Avi “NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC I Bule-Mn / more Macedonia? SLAWC Scdio-Cmuian Ukrairiian IANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R“"I”‘ Albanian Armenian I Hindi . . . Unhi Iceland‘ “MT” "“““" Pasha Bengali Norwegian _ C TIC ANATPUAN Palilavi Punjaliii Swr-is WEST GERMA. lC Giuarati . Pdito Darn 4 mhwhi Assamese E. -Sl’ GER. lANlC GAELIC [T [C HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" Englls | fl ' L . . ydian f»? -1" “""“ BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High German 6: ‘ “"""' “°“" sparhsr. The lndo-European Language Family BMW Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. Rllflllllilll
  4. 4. Proto-Indo-European 3'3-'§: "_". >.r2.». Liic / TOCI-IARIAN PM >I3Ai. To-sI. AvI “NV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC I Bule-Mn / more Macedonia? SLAWC Serlio-Cmariari Ukrainian GE ANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R“"I”‘ Albanian Armenian I Hindi Unfit Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pasha Bengali Ncirweg'iari C TIC ANA-r LIAN Palilavi Piinjaliii Swedish WEST GERMANIC P l 0 Giyarati Duiish Baluchi Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English 4 IT IC Lyd'im Got ic "HI 6" . Scottish Gaelic rinrriioxic “TIN GREEK I. owGerrnIin l | High Gemian Pmugmc “‘I‘I“" “""' sparhsr. The lndo-European Language Family Bum“ Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. Rllflllllilll
  5. 5. Proto-Indo-European 3'3-'§: "_". >.r2.». Liic / TOCI-IARIAN PM >I3Ai. To-sI. AvI SIOVIV WEST SLAVIC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC I Bule-Mn / more Macedonia? SLAVIC scrho-crnar LlliH: |a’iriim GE ANIC IRANIAN SANSKRIT R“""" Albanian Armenian I Hindi Urdu WWI I NORTH GERMANIC C TIC my Beam Ncirwegiari ‘ ANAT LIAN Pahlavi Piinjalii Swedish wrzsr GERMANIC ham Gujarati Duiish Baluchi Assamese ensr GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl IT LIC Lydim Got ic I'M‘ Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTI-IONIC Mn” GREER I. owGerrnIin l Hlighgcnnm Portuguese “‘I‘I“" ‘; I:“I' Spanish The lndo-European Language Family [on C atxlln Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show greater detail in the European side. particularly the Germanic branch. French Italian Riimaaiaa
  6. 6. Proto-Indo-European E': m“. ".. }-BALTIC / TOCHARIAN PM _ >BALTO-SLAVI SMVW EST sLAvlC SLA VIC INDO, [AN Cm SOUTH smc I “K : ;': 'o: ;:': / INDIC . SLAVIC Lrmmm GE ANIC 'R"‘N"‘N smsxmr R“""" Albanian Anncniun I Hindi Urdu lccland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Nomygun C TIC ANA-r LIAN mum Pmfjabi. SM: d:h WEST GERMANIC P I 0 Guumtl Dmis . Assumes: . Bel 1: EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kur‘: isIlI R°'“"" Enlg_| ish fl [T [C Lydim 3:33" 0° '° . .1~. ..¢; ... a Scottish Garlic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High Gcnmm Pmupmc ““““" “'°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BM” Catalan hm“! Th’: languagc In: is somewhat simplified to show mm“ grcalcr ddnil in thc Eumpcan side. puniculnrly the Gctmnnic branch. Rumannn
  7. 7. Proto-Indo-European iii? -'§: "f. >.sALric / TOCHARIAN PM >BALTo-sLAv1 “NV WEST SLAVlC S LA VIC INDO, IAN CR‘ SOUTH SQC V sue-nan / mmc Macedonia? SLAWC Sclbo-Cmuian Ukrainian GE ANIC 'R”‘N"‘N smsxnn R“”"”‘ Albanian . -r| naIian I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Norm! » C “C ANATOLIAN MIN Miwi, Swtdfih WEST GERMANIC P l 0 Giyarali Dmish Baluchi Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kurdish R°""" English fl [T [C Lydh; Got ic ‘fish Gad Scottish Gaelic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l | High Gcnnaa Pmugmc ““““" “°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BMW Catalan Fmut Th’: language tree is somewhat simplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. panicularly the Germanic branch. Rumuuan
  8. 8. Proto-Indo-European iii? -'§: "f. >.sAiiic / TOCHARIAN PM >BALTo-si. Avi Sh‘. WEST SLAVlC [N004 '] AN SLA VIC Cziec / . SOUTH SLAVIV BUIEJMD ll'DI(‘. Macedonian 7 SLAWC Setho-Cmuian , Ukniinian lRAII/ ‘N SANSKRIT R“""" Albanian Amman I I llildi UNI! Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Penilan Bengali Norwegian C TIC ANAT LIAN Pallnvi Punjahi Swedish WEST GERMANIC P. H Gujarati Dmish H ‘I L Assamese EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC Kunisli R‘"""'°' English fl [T [C Lydim BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l I High Gennaa . . , Portuguue _ ““““" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family Catalan , . . 4 . Fmut tiI: l:ci: :soma~halk. :niplihodltni:1sh3Iw "aim" E er I III “WWII! E . PIINICII ) C Gcmianie branch. Rllflllllllll
  9. 9. Proto-Indo-European ili'L$"_". >-araiiric / ‘ TOCHARIAN PM _ >BALTO-SLAVI SMVW EST sLAvlC SLA VIC INDO, [AN Cm SOUTH smc I “K m / INDIC . SLAVIC IJkrninian GE ANIC IRANIAN smsxrur R“""" Albanian Arrrieriian I Hindi Urdu Iceland NORTH GERMANIC Pashn Bengali Norwegian C TIC ANA-r LIAN Pahlavi Punjabi. Swedish WEST GERMANIC P I 0 Giuamti Dumb Lyciiai Balm! “ lltimniyc EAST GERMANIC‘ GAELIC HELLENIC mm. “ Kurdish English fl [T [C Lydim 3:33" 0° '° . .1~a. a.. .a Scottish Gaelic BRYTHONK. LATIN GREEK Low German l I High German Pmupmc “‘I““" “'°“" Spanish The lndo-European Language Family BM” Catalan hm“! Th’: language tree is somewhat sinrplified to show mm“ greater detail in the European side. panicularly the Germanic branch. Rllllllllllll
  10. 10. Tocharians This Caucasian tniimniy. found preserved in the dry sands ofthe Taklaniakan Desert in westem China in I978. lived about 3500 years ago according to rzidincarhnn dating. Many other similar (‘ziuczisian mummies have heen found nearby. There IS no way to prove that they are ‘Foehariatis. but since they were found in the same general area as the Toeharinn inaniiscripts‘. we may reasonably assume that they were. This mummy is known as Chcrchcn Man. Another View of Cherchen Man. When alive. he was si. feet tall. He wears a red twill tunic and tartan legguigs. His hair is reddish brown with llecks ut‘grv. -y. He was about forty years old when he died.
  11. 11. Tocharians Known as the “Beauty of Loulan. " This mummy dates to about 2000 B. (‘. Found in Loulan, at the east end ofthe Taklamakan Desert, she was also about 40 years old when she died. Below left is an artist's reconstruction of her face. ' ‘rs z’ _' i‘__ _ :4 L‘', ”‘,5. ’,‘: ‘v/ ',/ / ‘ . ff T‘: ‘_°“(’t’4'_’, "i ' / ' ‘ (‘l‘‘ 1 - i - t‘ ‘ ‘ . J-» t‘. »— This mummy. a man of about 40 with reddish-blond hair. was also found in a desert grave in westcm China.
  12. 12. Tocharians “ “~ .3,’ I J , A “ ~ t 4,‘! ’. V W 1"“ . r ‘ x. ’ ‘H _ ‘ . x _ . . _ , l V . I. E‘ l x, 3. A . ~:_. ;t. ,'>R/ .-, This woman had long reddish-blond braids This woman with long blonde hair and eyes and. like the other mummies. wore clothing with gauged out may have been a sacrificial victim. Celtic-style weaving and patterns. . The baby below was found in the same grave. , J . _ _ I -‘ I . , -‘T g Y Q fi' 4 , '‘t - 1- K 1 - n‘ V A

×