Understanding
Leveling
Systems
Kate Todd
Understanding
Leveling
Systems
Presented by Kate Todd
ALSC Education Committee
ALA Annual Conference
June 29, 2013
http://...
Are you?
•Library Media Specialist
•Children’s librarian in public
library
•Other public library staff
•College Librarian
...
Do your schools use?
•Accelerated Reader
•Reading Counts
•Lexiles
•Fountas & Pinnell Guided Reading
•Reading Recovery
•Deg...
5
Traditional Quantitative Leveling
2.4 4.5 7.5
6
Predictors of text difficulty
•Semantic (word) complexity
▫ Word length (number of letters or
number of syllables), or
▫ V...
SMOG Readability Formula
Grade level = + 3
Number of
Polysyllabic
words
8
FryReadabilityGraph
9
Flesch-Kincaid in MS Word
Calculation:
0.39 x (average words per
sentence)
+ 11.8 x (average syllables
per word)
– 15.9
__...
Accelerated Reader ATOS Formula
Book (or grade) level =
1.95 x (AvgWords per sentence)
+ .46 x (AvgGrade of 100 most
frequ...
AR Book Finder
IL
Interest Level
BL
Book or grade
level
AR Pts
Quiz points
available
12
2nd Generation Quantitative
400L 760L 1170L
13
Lexile: Find A Book
14
Compare Text Analyzers
15
Qualitative Leveling
K Q X
16
Qualitative Leveling Components
Format
Language structure
Text support
17
Qualitative Leveling Components
Format
1. Amount of text
2. Size of text
3. Layout of text and images
4. Capitalization an...
Scholastic Book Wizard
Leveling Searches:
Grade Level
Guided Reading
DRA
Lexile Measure
19
3 Types of Leveling Systems
1.Traditional quantitative
• SMOG, Fry, ATOS, Flesch-Kincaid
2.2nd generation quantitative
• L...
Positive Aspects of Leveling
1. Match students and books for
instruction
2. Success motivates continued reading
3. Not too...
Cautions about Leveling
1. Focus on reading level limits choice
2. Skewed vision of purpose of reading
3. Leveling not a p...
Leveling and censorship
http://www.ala.org/advocacy/intfreedom/librarybill
/interpretations/labelingrating
http://www.ala....
24
The Five Finger Method
25
Understanding
Leveling
Systems
http://levels.pbworks.com
EduKateTodd@gmail.com
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Understanding Leveling Systems

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Prepared by Kate Todd for presenation at ALA Annual Conference, Chicago, June 29 2013.

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Understanding Leveling Systems

  1. 1. Understanding Leveling Systems Kate Todd
  2. 2. Understanding Leveling Systems Presented by Kate Todd ALSC Education Committee ALA Annual Conference June 29, 2013 http://levels.pbworks.com
  3. 3. Are you? •Library Media Specialist •Children’s librarian in public library •Other public library staff •College Librarian •Library School Faculty 3
  4. 4. Do your schools use? •Accelerated Reader •Reading Counts •Lexiles •Fountas & Pinnell Guided Reading •Reading Recovery •Degrees of Reading Power (DRP) 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Traditional Quantitative Leveling 2.4 4.5 7.5 6
  7. 7. Predictors of text difficulty •Semantic (word) complexity ▫ Word length (number of letters or number of syllables), or ▫ Vocabulary lists of words known to students in particular grades •Syntactic (sentence) difficulty ▫ Number of words per sentence 7
  8. 8. SMOG Readability Formula Grade level = + 3 Number of Polysyllabic words 8
  9. 9. FryReadabilityGraph 9
  10. 10. Flesch-Kincaid in MS Word Calculation: 0.39 x (average words per sentence) + 11.8 x (average syllables per word) – 15.9 _____________________ Grade Level 10
  11. 11. Accelerated Reader ATOS Formula Book (or grade) level = 1.95 x (AvgWords per sentence) + .46 x (AvgGrade of 100 most frequent words) + 1.74 x (AvgCharacters per word) -8.54 11
  12. 12. AR Book Finder IL Interest Level BL Book or grade level AR Pts Quiz points available 12
  13. 13. 2nd Generation Quantitative 400L 760L 1170L 13
  14. 14. Lexile: Find A Book 14
  15. 15. Compare Text Analyzers 15
  16. 16. Qualitative Leveling K Q X 16
  17. 17. Qualitative Leveling Components Format Language structure Text support 17
  18. 18. Qualitative Leveling Components Format 1. Amount of text 2. Size of text 3. Layout of text and images 4. Capitalization and punctuation Language structure 1. Vocabulary 2. Predictability 3. Repetition 4. Simple vs. complex sentences Text support 1. Pictures or illustrations 2. Contrast of text with background 3. Student familiarity or experience 4. Definitions or anecdotes 18
  19. 19. Scholastic Book Wizard Leveling Searches: Grade Level Guided Reading DRA Lexile Measure 19
  20. 20. 3 Types of Leveling Systems 1.Traditional quantitative • SMOG, Fry, ATOS, Flesch-Kincaid 2.2nd generation quantitative • Lexile, Degrees of Reading Power 3.Qualitative • Fountas-Pinnell, Reading Recovery 20
  21. 21. Positive Aspects of Leveling 1. Match students and books for instruction 2. Success motivates continued reading 3. Not too easy, not too hard reading results in progress 4. Identifying book levels assists with selection 21
  22. 22. Cautions about Leveling 1. Focus on reading level limits choice 2. Skewed vision of purpose of reading 3. Leveling not a precise science 4. These systems not appropriate for ELL, adults, teens or special populations 22
  23. 23. Leveling and censorship http://www.ala.org/advocacy/intfreedom/librarybill /interpretations/labelingrating http://www.ala.org/aasl/advocacy/resources/position -statements/labeling 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. The Five Finger Method 25
  26. 26. Understanding Leveling Systems http://levels.pbworks.com EduKateTodd@gmail.com

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