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# Understanding Leveling Systems

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Prepared by Kate Todd for presenation at ALA Annual Conference, Chicago, June 29 2013.

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### Understanding Leveling Systems

1. 1. Understanding Leveling Systems Kate Todd
2. 2. Understanding Leveling Systems Presented by Kate Todd ALSC Education Committee ALA Annual Conference June 29, 2013 http://levels.pbworks.com
3. 3. Are you? •Library Media Specialist •Children’s librarian in public library •Other public library staff •College Librarian •Library School Faculty 3
5. 5. 5
6. 6. Traditional Quantitative Leveling 2.4 4.5 7.5 6
7. 7. Predictors of text difficulty •Semantic (word) complexity ▫ Word length (number of letters or number of syllables), or ▫ Vocabulary lists of words known to students in particular grades •Syntactic (sentence) difficulty ▫ Number of words per sentence 7
8. 8. SMOG Readability Formula Grade level = + 3 Number of Polysyllabic words 8
10. 10. Flesch-Kincaid in MS Word Calculation: 0.39 x (average words per sentence) + 11.8 x (average syllables per word) – 15.9 _____________________ Grade Level 10
11. 11. Accelerated Reader ATOS Formula Book (or grade) level = 1.95 x (AvgWords per sentence) + .46 x (AvgGrade of 100 most frequent words) + 1.74 x (AvgCharacters per word) -8.54 11
12. 12. AR Book Finder IL Interest Level BL Book or grade level AR Pts Quiz points available 12
13. 13. 2nd Generation Quantitative 400L 760L 1170L 13
14. 14. Lexile: Find A Book 14
15. 15. Compare Text Analyzers 15
16. 16. Qualitative Leveling K Q X 16
17. 17. Qualitative Leveling Components Format Language structure Text support 17
18. 18. Qualitative Leveling Components Format 1. Amount of text 2. Size of text 3. Layout of text and images 4. Capitalization and punctuation Language structure 1. Vocabulary 2. Predictability 3. Repetition 4. Simple vs. complex sentences Text support 1. Pictures or illustrations 2. Contrast of text with background 3. Student familiarity or experience 4. Definitions or anecdotes 18
19. 19. Scholastic Book Wizard Leveling Searches: Grade Level Guided Reading DRA Lexile Measure 19
20. 20. 3 Types of Leveling Systems 1.Traditional quantitative • SMOG, Fry, ATOS, Flesch-Kincaid 2.2nd generation quantitative • Lexile, Degrees of Reading Power 3.Qualitative • Fountas-Pinnell, Reading Recovery 20
21. 21. Positive Aspects of Leveling 1. Match students and books for instruction 2. Success motivates continued reading 3. Not too easy, not too hard reading results in progress 4. Identifying book levels assists with selection 21
22. 22. Cautions about Leveling 1. Focus on reading level limits choice 2. Skewed vision of purpose of reading 3. Leveling not a precise science 4. These systems not appropriate for ELL, adults, teens or special populations 22