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Special needs

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Special needs

  1. 1. SO, WHAT CONSTITUTES A “SPECIAL NEED” EDUC W200 Week 14
  2. 2. DISCUSSION: WHAT IS A SPECIAL NEED? • Brainstorming session: o Discuss in groups what you think (specific) special needs are (say them by name, if you can) o Create a list that you will share with the rest of the class (as a group) • Let’s list them on (SMARTBoard,Twiddla, etc.): EDUC W200 Week 14
  3. 3. NEEDS AND CONSEQUENCES DESCRIPTION OF THE DISABILITY (a) One example is, rapid repetitions of vowels. (b) Difficulty organizing thoughts, note taking. TYPE OF NEED (1) Emotional or Behavioral Disorders (2) Autism (3) Communication Disorder (4) Blindness (5) Cerebral Palsy (6) Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (7) Gifted and Talented (8) Dyslexia EDUC W200 Week 14 (c) A foundation of genetic endowment, personality attributes to development, focuses on an area creativity. (d) Externalizing behaviors: like yelling, walking out, destroying, stealing & lying. (e) Neurological complications, malnourishment (f) Leads to delays or deficits in motor development. Reduces a babies motivation to move. (g) Disorder of voluntary movement and posture. (h) Neurobehavioral syndrome, inability to relate to others, repetitive behavior, normal physical appearance
  4. 4. EDUC W200 Week 14
  5. 5. SO, WHAT DOES IT FEEL LIKE TO HAVE SOME OF THESE NEEDS? ADHD: http://webaim.org/simulations/distractability Low Vision : http://webaim.org/simulations/lowvision Color Blind: http://www.vischeck.com/examples/ Dyslexia: http://webaim.org/simulations/dyslexia-sim.html EDUC W200 Week 14
  6. 6. A DEFINITION OF ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY (AT) “Any product, device, or equipment, whether acquired commercially, modified or customized, that is used to maintain, increase, or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.” (US Office of Special Education Programs) Examples of Assistive Technology (AT): • Mobility devices (such as walker and wheelchairs) • Hardware (physical technology devices) • Software (CDs, working inside devices, online programs) EDUC W200 Week 14
  7. 7. HOW DO WE CHOOSE THE RIGHT TOOLS FOR EACH STUDENT/CHILD? 1. INDIVIDUAL What are their needs? 2. TASK What is the task they need to perform? 4.TECHNOLOGY Select which technology available best fits situation? 3. CONTEXT In what subject area, when, whe re? Framework by Schwab AT Resources EDUC W200 Week 14
  8. 8. HOW DOES “AT” SUPPORT LEARNERS? For example: •Listening •Reading •Writing •Mathematics •Memory •Motivation •Social Skills •Time Management EDUC W200 Week 14
  9. 9. REAL WORLD EXAMPLES OF “AT” IN ACTION Interview with a K12 Special Ed Teacher Carly’s Story EDUC W200 Week 14 Interview with a family Carly's FAQ
  10. 10. MOBILITY NEEDS • Adjustable-height tables and chairs • Special keyboards (e.g., keyless keyboards, keyboard guards) • Special mouse and pointing devices • Touch screens and Tablet Computers • Gesture Controls EDUC W200 Week 14
  11. 11. HEARING NEEDS • • • • • • • Phonic ear (wear headset) Speech to text systems FM amplification systems (e.g., auditory trainer) Pictures, photos, objects Electronic books Cart (stenographer) services Adobe Connect Captions Pod EDUC W200 Week 14
  12. 12. VISION NEEDS • • • • • • Computer screen magnifiers Voice-output screen-reading software Headsets Word prediction software Speech recognition Large-print word processors EDUC W200 Week 14
  13. 13. DEVELOPMENTAL READING DISORDER (DYSLEXIA) • Dyslexia is a disorder that interferes with an individual’s ability to read. It often runs in families. • Symptoms: o Difficulty determining the meaning of a simple sentence o Difficulty learning to recognize written words o Difficulty rhyming • Fonts designed for dyslexia can help. o Video that demonstrates how the fonts work o Try the font out o Free font pack EDUC W200 Week 14
  14. 14. GENERAL LEARNING DISABILITIES • Graphic organizers o Mind Mapping, Brainstorming (e.g., Inspiration) • Text readers o Type-and-speak writing assistant (e.g., Co:Writer 4000) o E-text readers (e.g., Universal Reader Plus) • Books on CD/Recorded books • Alarms or Organizers o Calendars EDUC W200 Week 14

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