The Sustainability           Challenge         and the Role of         AgBiosciences                       Dennis Hall    ...
Entering the “BioCentury”      “There is no other arena of economic      activity, or field of science and      innovation...
Towards Sustainability       -  The Energy Challenge              -  Sources, consumption, issues       -  The Future of E...
Energy Basics•  Energy: The capacity to do work•  Work: Application of force over a   distance•  Power: The rate at which ...
BIOMASS                   Energy Sources                                                                             OIL  ...
This project is supported by AFRI Competitive                                                Northeast Bioenergy & Bioprod...
US Energy Consumption, 2002      Commercial Energy Consumption                         Renewable 6%                 Nuclea...
US Primary Energy Consumption  by Source and Sector, 2009This project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009...
Energy Issues     -              Increasing energy demand     -              High dependence on fossil fuels     -        ...
Energy Issues•  Increasing energy demand   Annual ! in energy consumption worldwide              1% from 1972 – 2010 Devel...
Energy Issues•  High dependence on fossil fuels                       Renewable 6%                 Nuclear 8%             ...
Energy Issues     •  Environmental impacts of fossil fuel                 consumption!    Climate change by Carbon Dioxide...
Energy Issues    •  Low energy efficiency throughout               entire process                                    ! !"#...
Energy Issues•  Depletion of fossil fuelsCoal:      ~ 10 trillion metric tonsProven reserves will last 200 yrs at present ...
Energy: An Overview       -  Energy Basics              -  Sources, consumption, issues       -  The Future of Energy     ...
The Future of Energy•  Energy issues are not going away  Demand                   +             Supply     =           Cos...
Increasing Population &                               Environmental impacts of     Energy Demand                          ...
Sustainability•  Widely used term•  Little agreement on what it means•  SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA           •  Renewable    ...
Sustainability         SOCIAL                                 ECONOMIC         VALUES                                  VAL...
Possible SolutionsLarge impact, quickly through energyconservation and increased efficienciesBUT ""..•  Can not just conse...
Renewable Sources                                                BIOMASS-    Solar-    Wind-    Geothermal                ...
Contribution of Renewable Energy SourcesThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive                                     ...
Energy Generation &        Consumption DataEnergy Information Administration              (EIA)                           ...
United States  Electric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu)1960     0%                    2% 1% 2009                  ...
New York State  Electric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu)1960                         2%              2009       2%...
District of Columbia  Electric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu)1960                                         2009   ...
OhioElectric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu)    This project is supported by AFRI Competitive    Grant no. 2011-67...
Challenges of Some                  Renewables•  Ever tried to drive a car powered by   a wind turbine?•  Would you be wil...
Why Bioenergy?"   Major Premise:   Agriculture will increasingly provide the   raw materials and energy needed to   drive ...
Why Bioenergy?"-  Renewable-  Biomass is the only renewable that directly reducesour dependency on liquid fuels!-  Can be ...
BIO-terminology•  BIOMASS: Plant or Animal material   available on a renewable basis•  BIOBASED: Starting materials are   ...
Bioenergy: Not such a new idea"Its a Wonderful Life (1946) - Final ScriptSAMS VOICE: I have a big deal coming up thats goi...
Bioenergy: Not such a new idea                           Diesel engine invented:                              February of ...
Why Bioenergy?"•  Energy issues are not going away   – supply, demand, cost•  We need research, education, and   infrastru...
The Future of Energy     How do we address our   energy needs for the future?   -  Our approach needs to be:         -  Mu...
Energy: An Overview      -  Energy Basics             -  Sources, consumption, issues      -  The Future of Energy        ...
The Systems Approach    What is a System?       - A system is something built from    many other components, which interac...
The Systems Approach! The systems approach is a methodologicalprocess that develops solutions byconsidering all of the Int...
Examples of Designed Systems!  The commercial air transportation system!  A Boeing 787 aircraft!  A computer system networ...
TRADITIONAL AGRICULTURE                                                     Production of commodities and generation of wa...
A BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY                                                         Production of commodities and genera...
The Systems Approach                           Innovation is about         INTEGRATION & OPTIMIZATION    •    Feedstock de...
SYSTEMS THINKING•  A systems approach assesses the energy   yield, carbon neutrality, and the full impact of   biofuel pro...
Carbon Flow & Carbon Neutrality  This project is supported by AFRI Competitive  Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, ...
Energy: An Overview       -  Energy Basics              -  Sources, consumption, issues       -  The Future of Energy     ...
7 Grand Challenges•  Enhancing the sustainability, competitiveness, and profitability of   U.S. food and agricultural syst...
!        !"#$%&()*+,-./01.231..&4#&56"738#%"9$.7$%1.14:8#0"/59"&49&)/.$7"/45            !                                 ...
This project is supported by AFRI Competitive                                                Northeast Bioenergy & Bioprod...
Many Thanks! Use of Presentation Materials and Slides     Corinne Rutzke, Cornell University  C. Lindsay Anderson, Cornell...
The Bioeconomy                 Meet the Bioeconomy VideoThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-...
Race to the Pumps!This project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,       Northeast B...
This project is supported by AFRI Competitive                                                Northeast Bioenergy & Bioprod...
This project is supported by AFRI Competitive                                                Northeast Bioenergy & Bioprod...
This project is supported by AFRI Competitive                                                Northeast Bioenergy & Bioprod...
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The sustainability challenge and the role of ag-biosciences

  1. 1. The Sustainability Challenge and the Role of AgBiosciences Dennis Hall Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts 2011 OBIC Training ProgramThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  2. 2. Entering the “BioCentury” “There is no other arena of economic activity, or field of science and innovation, that so directly addresses human survival and quality of life, global economic development, and prospects for an environmentally sustainable future as agriculture and agbioscience. “ POWER & PROMISE: Agbioscience in the North Central United StatesThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  3. 3. Towards Sustainability -  The Energy Challenge -  Sources, consumption, issues -  The Future of Energy -  Sustainability -  Possible Solutions: Renewables -  Why Bio? -  Systems Approach -  Definition and Examples -  Meet the BioeconomyThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  4. 4. Energy Basics•  Energy: The capacity to do work•  Work: Application of force over a distance•  Power: The rate at which work is done•  Energy is measured in British Thermal Units (BTUs)•  1 gallon of gasoline contains about 100,000 BTUs of EnergyThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  5. 5. BIOMASS Energy Sources OIL SOLAR NATURAL GAS WIND COAL Hydro GEOTHERMAL NUCLEAR This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  6. 6. This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  7. 7. US Energy Consumption, 2002 Commercial Energy Consumption Renewable 6% Nuclear 8% Nearly 60% of Gas 20% Oil 43% oil is imported Coal 22%This project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  8. 8. US Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2009This project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  9. 9. Energy Issues -  Increasing energy demand -  High dependence on fossil fuels -  Environmental impacts of fossil fuel consumption -  Low efficiency -  Declining supply of fossil fuelsThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  10. 10. Energy Issues•  Increasing energy demand Annual ! in energy consumption worldwide 1% from 1972 – 2010 Developed countries w/ 20% world population Consume 80% of commercial energy India Energy consumption has doubled since 1992 China Was self-sufficient, now 2nd largest fuel importerThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  11. 11. Energy Issues•  High dependence on fossil fuels Renewable 6% Nuclear 8% > 80% Energy Oil 43% supply from Gas 20% fossil fuels Coal 22%This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  12. 12. Energy Issues •  Environmental impacts of fossil fuel consumption!  Climate change by Carbon Dioxide (CO2) release!  Air pollution: Sulfur Oxides (SOx), Nitrous Oxides (NOx), Particulate Matter, metals, radiation!  Wildlife habitat destruction (ex: oil spills) This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  13. 13. Energy Issues •  Low energy efficiency throughout entire process ! !"#$%&()*! ! !+)*,-%./)* ! ! !0%&*.1/../)* ! ! !2/.$%/34()* ! ! !"*5!4.-! " !This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  14. 14. Energy Issues•  Depletion of fossil fuelsCoal: ~ 10 trillion metric tonsProven reserves will last 200 yrs at present consumption rate (pcr)Oil: ~ 4 trillion barrels (half recoverable)Proven reserves will last 40 yrs at pcr (28.5 billion barrels/yr)Natural gas: ~ 10,000 trillion ft3Proven reserves (6200 trillion ft3) will last 60 yrs at pcrThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  15. 15. Energy: An Overview -  Energy Basics -  Sources, consumption, issues -  The Future of Energy -  Sustainability -  Possible Solutions: Renewables -  Why BioenergyThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  16. 16. The Future of Energy•  Energy issues are not going away Demand + Supply = Cost This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  17. 17. Increasing Population & Environmental impacts of Energy Demand fossil fuel consumption A Non SustainableDeclining supply of fossil Situation!fuels & high dependence This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  18. 18. Sustainability•  Widely used term•  Little agreement on what it means•  SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA •  Renewable •  A more environmentally friendly option •  Options that decrease dependence on fossil fuelsThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  19. 19. Sustainability SOCIAL ECONOMIC VALUES VALUES ENVIRONMENTAL VALUESThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  20. 20. Possible SolutionsLarge impact, quickly through energyconservation and increased efficienciesBUT ""..•  Can not just conserve our way to sustainabilitySO "".•  Developing renewable energy sources & energy diversification are important strategy optionsThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  21. 21. Renewable Sources BIOMASS-  Solar-  Wind-  Geothermal SOLAR-  Hydro-  Fuel Cells FUEL CELL WIND-  Biomass Hydro GEOTHERMALThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  22. 22. Contribution of Renewable Energy SourcesThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  23. 23. Energy Generation & Consumption DataEnergy Information Administration (EIA) www.eia.gov " #"$%&%"()*+,"-&%&"$,.%/"0$(-$1" 23456677789&8+:;6.%&%6.<."This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  24. 24. United States Electric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu)1960 0% 2% 1% 2009 1% 19% 7% 7% 22% 52% 48% 22% 1% 18% Price: ~ 9.8c/kWh This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  25. 25. New York State Electric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu)1960 2% 2009 2% 2% 2% 2% 10% 21% 20%10% 56% 28% 11% 34% Price: ~ 15.5c/kWh This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  26. 26. District of Columbia Electric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu)1960 2009 1% 100% Price: ~ 99% 12.7c/kWh This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Petroleum NIFA. Coal (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  27. 27. OhioElectric Power Sector Consumption (Trillion Btu) This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  28. 28. Challenges of Some Renewables•  Ever tried to drive a car powered by a wind turbine?•  Would you be willing to only heat your home when the sun shines?•  How about using only paddlewheels to run your assembly line?This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  29. 29. Why Bioenergy?" Major Premise: Agriculture will increasingly provide the raw materials and energy needed to drive our transition to a sustainable worldThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  30. 30. Why Bioenergy?"-  Renewable-  Biomass is the only renewable that directly reducesour dependency on liquid fuels!-  Can be created from waste products-  Can be produced on marginal lands that are oftenunsuitable for food production-  Can help to decrease environmental impacts whenused in place of fossil fuels-  May help to increase energy efficiency-  Will help the US become more energy independent This project is supported by AFRI Competitive-  Will help create jobs Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  31. 31. BIO-terminology•  BIOMASS: Plant or Animal material available on a renewable basis•  BIOBASED: Starting materials are biologically-based as opposed to fossil- fuel based•  BIOPOWER: Electricity, Combined heat & power•  BIOFUELS: Liquid -Transportation & heating fuels•  BIOPRODUCTS: Industrial chemicals, polymers This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  32. 32. Bioenergy: Not such a new idea"Its a Wonderful Life (1946) - Final ScriptSAMS VOICE: I have a big deal coming up thats going tomake us all rich. George, you remember that night inMartinis bar when you told me you read someplace aboutmaking plastics out of soybeans?GEORGE: Huh? Yeah-yeah-yeah . . . soybeans. Yeah.SAMS VOICE: Well, Dads snapped up the idea. Hes goingto build aThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive factory outside of Rochester. How do you like that? Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  33. 33. Bioenergy: Not such a new idea Diesel engine invented: February of 1897 -  Rudolf Diesel s engine was designed to run on vegetable oil! -  Diesel also designed a solar-powered air engine This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  34. 34. Why Bioenergy?"•  Energy issues are not going away – supply, demand, cost•  We need research, education, and infrastructure to transfer the technology to move to larger scales•  Today s students will help discover and develop the solutions for tomorrow s energy needs•  Bioenergy, biofuels, and bio-based products are going to be an important component of the solutions! This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  35. 35. The Future of Energy How do we address our energy needs for the future? -  Our approach needs to be: -  Multifaceted -  System oriented -  CollectiveThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  36. 36. Energy: An Overview -  Energy Basics -  Sources, consumption, issues -  The Future of Energy -  Sustainability -  Possible Solutions: Renewables -  Why Bioenergy -  Systems Approach -  Definition -  ExamplesThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  37. 37. The Systems Approach What is a System? - A system is something built from many other components, which interact for a common purpose - To define a system, we must include its context, behavior or purpose and structureThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  38. 38. The Systems Approach! The systems approach is a methodologicalprocess that develops solutions byconsidering all of the Inter-related parts of asystem and their impact on the system as awhole OR! OPTIMIZING each component individually,then OPTIMIZING system as a whole, whichmay require altering the individualcomponentsThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  39. 39. Examples of Designed Systems!  The commercial air transportation system!  A Boeing 787 aircraft!  A computer system network!  Energy system , regional or national scale Many systems at Key Ideas: one level can be • Interaction considered • Feedback subsystems at • Broad-based another level • SystematicThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  40. 40. TRADITIONAL AGRICULTURE Production of commodities and generation of waste Plant Crops Farm Animals Forests SYSTEMS Processing of commodities and generation of waste Food and Fiber Processing Plants Dairy, Eggs, Meat Processing Plants Lumber and Paper Processing PlantsINTEGRATION WASTE MATERIALS FROM PRODUCTION and PROCESSING STEPS Commodities Markets COUNTY LANDFILL or ON-FARM DUMPING SITES This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  41. 41. A BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY Production of commodities and generation of waste SYSTEMSINTEGRATION Plant Crops Farm Animals Forests Processing of commodities and generation of waste Food and Fiber Dairy, Eggs, Meat Lumber and PaperIndustrial Ecology: Processing Plants Processing Plants Processing Plants&".,.%/"/:<="%2&%">.."%2"7&.%".%*&/":?":)" WASTE MATERIALS FROM PRODUCTION and PROCESSING STEPS4*:@.."&."&"?<.%:@A"?:*" NEW%2")B%"4*:@.."&=="&=:)+" DEDICATED CROPS%2";&=>C&<<<"@2&9) BIOREFINERY Commodities Markets Extraction of valuable oils, sugars, starches, pharmaceutical proteins Production of biobased Value-added Markets chemicals Production of biobased This project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveFuels and biobased energy Energy Markets Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training Biorefinery Wastes
  42. 42. The Systems Approach Innovation is about INTEGRATION & OPTIMIZATION •  Feedstock development •  Feedstock production •  Feedstock Logistics •  Conversion processes •  Markets and distribution •  End use technologies •  Public policy, human valuesThis project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  43. 43. SYSTEMS THINKING•  A systems approach assesses the energy yield, carbon neutrality, and the full impact of biofuel production on downstream and downwind ecosystems.•  It takes into account all of the flows, controls, and storage of materials and energy. A positive energy yield means that more energy is produced than is consumed by its extraction and transport.•  Carbon neutrality means that any fossil fuel carbon used in the production of biofuels is offset by carbon sequestration elsewhere in the system This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  44. 44. Carbon Flow & Carbon Neutrality This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  45. 45. Energy: An Overview -  Energy Basics -  Sources, consumption, issues -  The Future of Energy -  Sustainability -  Possible Solutions: Renewables -  Why Bioenergy -  Systems Approach -  Definition -  Examples -  Meet the BioeconomyThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  46. 46. 7 Grand Challenges•  Enhancing the sustainability, competitiveness, and profitability of U.S. food and agricultural systems•  Adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climate change on food, feed, fiber, and fuel systems in the United States•  Supporting the energy security and the development of the bioeconomy from renewable natural resources•  Playing a global leadership role to ensure a safe, secure, and abundant food supply for the United States and the world•  Improving human health, nutrition, and wellness of the U.S. population•  Heightening environmental stewardship through the development of sustainable management practices•  Strengthening individual, family, and community development and resilience. A Science Roadmap for Food and Agriculture November, 2010This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
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his project issupported by AFRI Competitive 4+H+/29+4!.,4!4+H+/29(,*!62-/4= Northeast Bioenergy & Bioproducts 9-24:1)=!!&,,2H.(2,)!(,!7+-(/(3+-!:)+!+77(1(+,10;!Grant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, 9+)!-+)().,1+!!.,4!6.+-!:)+!+77(1(+,10!.-+!/+.4(,*!NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training 2!-+4:1+4!.*-(1:/:-./!9-24:1(2,!(,9:)= ! !
  48. 48. This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  49. 49. Many Thanks! Use of Presentation Materials and Slides Corinne Rutzke, Cornell University C. Lindsay Anderson, Cornell University Mike Jabot, SUNY Fredonia Mingxin Guo, Delaware State Lauren Dowler & Ann Fisher, Pace University Training ProgramThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  50. 50. The Bioeconomy Meet the Bioeconomy VideoThis project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  51. 51. Race to the Pumps!This project is supported by AFRI CompetitiveGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA, Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsNIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  52. 52. This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  53. 53. This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training
  54. 54. This project is supported by AFRI Competitive Northeast Bioenergy & BioproductsGrant no. 2011-67009-30055 from the USDA,NIFA. (NBB) Educational Tools and Training

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