Constructivist Theory

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Constructivist Theory

  1. 1. By: Sandra V.
  2. 2.  What is Constructivism? Key Figures Constructivism in a Classroom Constructivism in My Classroom
  3. 3. Constructivism: Idea that learners construct their knowledge Students learn by doing Students actively participate in their learning Students use critical- thinking skills Learning uses hands-on approach
  4. 4. Constructivism continued: Learner form what he/she comprehends or learns Learner is self-directed, creative, innovative Learning is adjusting our mental models to new experiences Student-centered
  5. 5.  Jerome Bruner  Believed constructivist learners are participatory learners  Spiral curriculum: students continue building on knowledge John Dewey  Advocate for child-centered instruction  Believed in progressive education
  6. 6.  Lev Vygotsky  Russian educational psychologist  Developed social cognition  Believed children had a zone of proximal development  Anchored instruction: technology-based learning  Scaffolding
  7. 7.  Jean Piaget  Influenced constructivist movement  Developed the cognitive learning theory with 4 stages  Sensorimotor  Preoperational  Concrete Operational  Formal Operational
  8. 8.  Jean Piaget continued  Learners move through three mechanisms:  Adaptation  Assimilation  Accommodation
  9. 9.  Teachers adapt to being facilitators Facilitators help students “uncover” facts/ideas Facilitators ask, instead of giving students information Facilitators provide guidelines to aid students Facilitators are in continuous dialogues with students
  10. 10.  Facilitator and students equally participate in learning Instruction is anchored with real-world context With technology students are more engaged Students are more cooperative and less competitive Instructor uses: Web Quests, digital media, videos, etc.
  11. 11.  Students will be engaged with tasks to solve with their knowledge Students will be engaged in hands-on activities I will serve as a facilitator and guide Students will work collaboratively
  12. 12.  Students will work in groups Learning environment will support/challenge students thinking Technology will be used as a form of assessment
  13. 13.  Clip Art http://www.learning-theories.com/constructivism.html http://encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/co/Constructivism http://www.answers.com/topic/constructivism-learning-theory http://online.sfsu.edu/~foreman/itec800/finalprojects/eitankapl an/pages/home.htm http://www.funderstanding.com/theory/constructivism/ Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology in a Connected World

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