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Prepared by Eduardo Oliveira, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL,
Birmensdorf, Switzerland, 19.05.2016
Key elements of g...
• Why is this research relevant?
• Where do we stand?
• What are the main research objectives?
• What are the main researc...
Why is this research relevant (I)?
• Spatial planning and spatial planning strategies
are a part of the relations of gover...
Why is this research relevant (II)?
In spite of some academic and policy oriented
literature on governance
little attentio...
Where do we stand (state of the art I)?
• Davoudi et al. (2008) focus on territorial dimension of
governance in relation t...
Where do we stand (state of the art II)?
Available studies* focus on governance and…Available studies* focus on governance...
Where do we stand (state of the art III)?
Key elements influencing the performance of governance
Impacts upon land use and...
What are the main objectives?
1. Identify the key elements influencing the
performance of territorial governance in
strate...
What are the main research questions?
What are the key
elements influencing the
performance of territorial
governance?
How...
Towards a working definition (I)
Depending on which concept of territory
is adopted - different concepts of
governance are...
Towards a working definition (II)
Spatial governance
(e.g.Tewdwr-Jones,
Allmendinger, 2006)
Regional governance
(e.g. Albr...
Working definition of territorial governance
• The formulation and implementation of strategic plans
and public policies, ...
Towards set of key elements of territorial governance
Set of key elements of territorial governance
Coordination and integration of
interests & perspectives
Contribute to solve...
Finding answers to research questions
In-depth interviews
• Spatial planning practitioners
• Spatial planning, regional
st...
Barcelona
Hannover
Stockholm
Hamburg
Oslo
Vienna
Stuttgart
Copenhagen
Cardiff
Dublin
Edinburgh
Helsinki
Lyon
Milan
Of/In 1...
Content analysis (e.g. Oliveira, 2015, Olesen, 2012)
Data collection and data analysis with focus on
Step 1: Searching con...
In-depth interviews (e.g. Jacuniak-Suda et a., 2015)
Step 1: Identifying spatial planning practitioners / scholars (i.e. s...
Research outputs and activities 2016-17?
1) January-April: refining governance theories/
working set of elements of territ...
Core data, research outputs and activities 2016-17?
2) May - September: interviews + organizing transcriptions
3) Septembe...
Research outputs and activities 2016-17?
4) January – May : Comparative study
2017
How are these key elements operationali...
Core data, research outputs and activities 2016-17?
5) June – December: Linking territorial governance,
socio-ecological s...
Prepared by Eduardo Oliveira, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL,
Birmensdorf, Switzerland, 19.05.2016
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Key elements of governance in strategic spatial plan making and plan-implementation

From plans to land change: how strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions (CONCUR) http://www.wsl.ch/fe/landschaftsdynamik/projekte/CONCUR/index_EN
Oliveira & Hersperger (2016)

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Key elements of governance in strategic spatial plan making and plan-implementation

  1. 1. Prepared by Eduardo Oliveira, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, 19.05.2016 Key elements of governance in strategic spatial plan-making and plan-implementation
  2. 2. • Why is this research relevant? • Where do we stand? • What are the main research objectives? • What are the main research questions? • Our working definition of (territorial) governance? • Our set of (territorial) governance elements? • Finding answers for RQ (i.e. case studies, data, outputs)? Wondering?...
  3. 3. Why is this research relevant (I)? • Spatial planning and spatial planning strategies are a part of the relations of governance (Healey, 2006). • Spatial planning consists of a set of governance practices/elements/arrangements for developing strategies and plans (Healey, 2006). • Spatial planning strategies provide a credible forum in which key actors / policy sectors / society can envisioning agreed/collective defined futures (Haughton et al., 2010)
  4. 4. Why is this research relevant (II)? In spite of some academic and policy oriented literature on governance little attention has been paid to the role of governance in strategic spatial plan-making and plan-implementation What happens in between… *e.g. Van Well et al. (2016); ESPON (2014); Nuissl and Heinrichs, (2011).
  5. 5. Where do we stand (state of the art I)? • Davoudi et al. (2008) focus on territorial dimension of governance in relation to the actors / key players involved. • Schmitt, P. & Van Well (2016) focus on what is territorial governance and why does it matter in European projects. • Stead (2014) examines how the notion is used and understood in European policy debates. • Allmendinger et al. (2015) focus on governance in soft spaces / fuzzy boundaries / supra-regional partnerships. • Faludi (2012) focus on the differences between multi- level governance and territorial governance.
  6. 6. Where do we stand (state of the art II)? Available studies* focus on governance and…Available studies* focus on governance and… • Theoretical conceptualization / reconceptualization, dimensions, why governance matters. • Soft spaces such as macro-regions (Oresund), cross-border territories (Fehmarn Belt). • Neoliberalism, spatial justice, political condition. • Specific geographical areas such as natural parks, river basins, districts. • Specific projects/programmes such as European capital of culture, EU funding programmes. *e.g. Schmitt and Van Well (2015), Hilier (2007), Davoudi, et al. (2008), Stead (2013), Allmendinger et al. (2015), Salet et al. (2003)
  7. 7. Where do we stand (state of the art III)? Key elements influencing the performance of governance Impacts upon land use and land cover change Strategic spatial PLAN-MAKING Strategic spatial PLAN-IMPLEMENTATION
  8. 8. What are the main objectives? 1. Identify the key elements influencing the performance of territorial governance in strategic spatial plan-making and plan- implementation. 2. Describe how do these elements of governance impact land use and land cover change in urban regions.
  9. 9. What are the main research questions? What are the key elements influencing the performance of territorial governance? How are these key elements operationalised? What are the impacts of these key elements on land use and land cover change? in strategic spatial plan-making and plan-implementation
  10. 10. Towards a working definition (I) Depending on which concept of territory is adopted - different concepts of governance are applied and that imply specific features, elements and evaluations (Davoudi et al., 2008).
  11. 11. Towards a working definition (II) Spatial governance (e.g.Tewdwr-Jones, Allmendinger, 2006) Regional governance (e.g. Albrechts, Healey & Kunzmann, 2003; Foster and Barnes, 2012) Metropolitan governance (e.g.Salet, Thornley & Kreukels 2003) Evolutionary governance (e.g.Beunen, Assche & Duineveld, 2015) Urban governance (e.g.Brenner, 1999) Urban land governance (e.g.World Bank) Multispatial Metagovernance (e.g.Jessop, 2016) Territorial governance (e.g. Schmitt & Van Well, 2016)
  12. 12. Working definition of territorial governance • The formulation and implementation of strategic plans and public policies, for the improvement of the environmental, economic, spatial and social conditions of a territory (e.g. urban region). • Is a process that focus on territorial capacity, adaptiveness and purpose. Is responsive, accountable and responsible. It implies coordination and integration of perspectives of multiple interested groups, key players, civic society - joined-up in a hopefully collectively defined strategic-territorial agenda. • It adds territorial-knowledge. Is context-sensitive, focus on real-world plan-making, plan-implementation processes and on the impacts upon land change.
  13. 13. Towards set of key elements of territorial governance
  14. 14. Set of key elements of territorial governance Coordination and integration of interests & perspectives Contribute to solve socio-spatial and spatial-economic issues. Framing a strategic territorial agenda Agendas jointly prepared in favour of the physical condition of the territory. Interest groups and key players Mobilisation of local and regional actors, their participation and involvement Civic participation Cope with the needs and demands of communities Territorial knowledge Utilising multiple sources of knowledge Accountability Decisions are accountable to the public Regional capacity & adaptiveness Resolving everyday issues/adapte Authority and leadership Drive change, show direction and motivate others to follow.
  15. 15. Finding answers to research questions In-depth interviews • Spatial planning practitioners • Spatial planning, regional studies, regional science, territorial governance scholars Content analysis • Strategic spatial plans (past/present) • Minutes of decision-making • Communication material • Participatory platforms (e.g.)
  16. 16. Barcelona Hannover Stockholm Hamburg Oslo Vienna Stuttgart Copenhagen Cardiff Dublin Edinburgh Helsinki Lyon Milan Of/In 14 Western European urban regions
  17. 17. Content analysis (e.g. Oliveira, 2015, Olesen, 2012) Data collection and data analysis with focus on Step 1: Searching context-specific documents Step 2: Organising documents Step 3: Analysing by using • Protocol • Qualitative analysis software for content research • Coding the preliminary set of key elements of territorial governance (e.g. partic) – identify processes Key elements of governance Operationalization Impacts on land change
  18. 18. In-depth interviews (e.g. Jacuniak-Suda et a., 2015) Step 1: Identifying spatial planning practitioners / scholars (i.e. snowball process) Step 3: Preparing semi-structured interview guide • Questions covering preliminary set of elements of governance • Open-end questions to all the respondents to share their experiences (e.g. new elements, details) Step 2: Schedule 3 interviews in each case study Step 4: Conducting face-to-face interviews / digitally recorded • 14 cases • 3 interviews • 42 interviews in total • 90 minutes each interview (max.) = 3780 minutes of qualitative content Step 5: transcribing interviews (outsourced task) Step 6: analysis and output production Data collection and data analysis with focus on Key elements of governance Operationalization Impacts on land change
  19. 19. Research outputs and activities 2016-17? 1) January-April: refining governance theories/ working set of elements of territorial governance 2016 • Oliveira, E. (2016), Book Review - Territorial Governance across Europe - Pathways, Practices and Prospects, Regional Studies. (in press) • Oliveira, E. (2016), Conference report - Regional Studies Association Annual Conference 2016, Town Planning Review, 87(4): 481-846 (in press) • Oliveira, E. (forthcoming), Editorial – virtual special issue on governance, innovation and the emergence of city regions in Europe , Regional Studies Regional Science
  20. 20. Core data, research outputs and activities 2016-17? 2) May - September: interviews + organizing transcriptions 3) September - December: data analysis + active-writing 2016 What are the key elements influencing the performance of territorial governance? What are the impacts of on land use and land cover change?
  21. 21. Research outputs and activities 2016-17? 4) January – May : Comparative study 2017 How are these key elements operationalised in plan-making and plan-implementation in selected urban regions? • Comparative study between German (Hamburg, Hannover, Stuttgart) and Nordic (Oslo, Stockholm, Helsinki, Copenhagen) urban regions. • Comparative study between Cardiff, Dublin, Edinburgh, Barcelona, Lyon, Milan and Vienna.
  22. 22. Core data, research outputs and activities 2016-17? 5) June – December: Linking territorial governance, socio-ecological systems and strategic spatial planning 2017
  23. 23. Prepared by Eduardo Oliveira, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, 19.05.2016 Thank you for your attention

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