Does the excessive use of cell phones cause Glioma tumors and Ipsilateral exposure here in Puerto Rico ? <ul><li>Eduardo E...
Glioma Tumors and ipsilateral exposure <ul><li>Glioma is a type of tumor that starts in the brain or in the spinal cord bu...
Interphone Study
 
 
 
 
Objective <ul><li>Determine whether the excessively use of cell phones could cause glioma tumors and ipsilateral exposure ...
Hypothesis <ul><li>During the period of over ten years the person will show an increase in the formation of a glioma tumor...
Methodology <ul><li>The people will go through a series of surveys in which I can  determine that the use of cell phones t...
Methodology <ul><li>After choosing the groups they will continue living their normal lives but they will be monitored. </l...
Methodology <ul><li>Questions that will be ask in the specific dates: </li></ul><ul><li>1.identify the number of calls mad...
Methodology <ul><li>As time passes the group working with the research will divide the results in the groups mentioned ear...
Expected Results <ul><li>Expected result could include a great increase of the formation of glioma tumors after a period o...
Risk of Brain Cancer
Risk of brain cancer
Ipsilateral Exposure
Glioma Tumor
References <ul><li>Martin Mittelstaedt; Heavy use of cell phones may increase tumour risk: study; Published may 17, 2010. ...
<ul><li>Christian Nordqvist; 2006; Extensive Cell Phone Use Linked To Brain Tumors, Swedish Study; Medical News Today; unk...
<ul><li>Natalie Wolchover; Cellphone Radiation and Brain Cancer; June 1, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lifeslittlemyst...
<ul><li>Lloyd Morgan, The latest study on the risk of brain cancer from wireless phone use, August 17, 2006 </li></ul><ul>...
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Eduardo e. rivera proposal

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  • Glial cells Is known as the glue of the nervous system Four functions surround the neurons and hold them in place supplies oxygen and nutrients to neurons insulates one neuron from another destroys pathogens and remove dead neurons   Gliomas have been correlated to the electromagnetic radiation from cell phones , and a link between the cancer and cell phone usage is considered plausible
  • Poner lugar donde voy a hacer la investigacion Tipos de celulares q voy a usar Explicar la tabla en cuanto a analog phone digital and cordless phones
  • Eduardo e. rivera proposal

    1. 1. Does the excessive use of cell phones cause Glioma tumors and Ipsilateral exposure here in Puerto Rico ? <ul><li>Eduardo E. Rivera Cintrón </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Edwin Vázquez Ph. D </li></ul><ul><li>July12, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Puerto Rico at Cayey </li></ul><ul><li>Biol- 3009 </li></ul>
    2. 2. Glioma Tumors and ipsilateral exposure <ul><li>Glioma is a type of tumor that starts in the brain or in the spinal cord but mostly starts in the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>It arises from glial cells that are non-neuronal cells that maintain homeostasis and provide support and protection for the brain’s neuron. </li></ul><ul><li>The glial cell has 4 functions </li></ul><ul><li>Ipsilateral exposure </li></ul>
    3. 3. Interphone Study
    4. 8. Objective <ul><li>Determine whether the excessively use of cell phones could cause glioma tumors and ipsilateral exposure here in Puerto Rico. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish that glioma tumors and ipsilateral exposure can also be cancerous. </li></ul>
    5. 9. Hypothesis <ul><li>During the period of over ten years the person will show an increase in the formation of a glioma tumor that is cancerous and an increase of ipsilateral exposure. </li></ul>
    6. 10. Methodology <ul><li>The people will go through a series of surveys in which I can determine that the use of cell phones transmits electromagnetic fields to the brain causing the formation of a glioma tumor. </li></ul><ul><li>Place people in the following groups: </li></ul><ul><li>Patients with glioma tumor and patients without glioma tumors. </li></ul><ul><li>A group of people that talk excessively comparing them with people that talk at normal rates. </li></ul>
    7. 11. Methodology <ul><li>After choosing the groups they will continue living their normal lives but they will be monitored. </li></ul><ul><li>There will be specific dates in which they will have to answer a series of questions on their performance and see if it matches our records. </li></ul>
    8. 12. Methodology <ul><li>Questions that will be ask in the specific dates: </li></ul><ul><li>1.identify the number of calls made and received </li></ul><ul><li>2.duration of the calls </li></ul><ul><li>3.If there was a change of pattern of use over a period of more than 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>4. If they use any headsets or hands- free devices </li></ul><ul><li>5. which side of the head the cell phone was predominantly held </li></ul><ul><li>6. main area of usage (urban/ rural/ both). </li></ul>
    9. 13. Methodology <ul><li>As time passes the group working with the research will divide the results in the groups mentioned earlier and perform a diagnostic of the research and if the experiment really worked. </li></ul>
    10. 14. Expected Results <ul><li>Expected result could include a great increase of the formation of glioma tumors after a period of ten years and a higher increase of ipsilateral exposure on the same side the person uses the cell phone. </li></ul><ul><li>People that talk excessively will have and increase in the formation of the ipsilateral exposure. The people that don’t talk to much won’t have a major increase on tumor formation. </li></ul><ul><li>There will be and high increase in the formation of brain cancer and glioma tumors. </li></ul>
    11. 15. Risk of Brain Cancer
    12. 16. Risk of brain cancer
    13. 17. Ipsilateral Exposure
    14. 18. Glioma Tumor
    15. 19. References <ul><li>Martin Mittelstaedt; Heavy use of cell phones may increase tumour risk: study; Published may 17, 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health/heavy-use-of-cell-phones-may-increase-tumour-risk-study/article1571108/ </li></ul><ul><li>Joachim Schüz, Eva Böhler, Gabriele Berg, and others; 2006; Cellular Phones, Cordless Phones, and the Risks of Glioma and Meningioma (Interphone Study Group, Germany); American Journal of Epidemiology; Volume 163, issue; pages 512-520. </li></ul><ul><li>http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/163/6/512.full </li></ul>
    16. 20. <ul><li>Christian Nordqvist; 2006; Extensive Cell Phone Use Linked To Brain Tumors, Swedish Study; Medical News Today; unkwnown, </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/40764.php </li></ul><ul><li>Christian Nordqvist; 2011; Cellphones Possibly Linked To Cancer Risk In Humans, World Health Organization; Medical News Today; unknown </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/227011.php </li></ul>
    17. 21. <ul><li>Natalie Wolchover; Cellphone Radiation and Brain Cancer; June 1, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lifeslittlemysteries.com/faq-cellphone-radiation-and-brain-cancer-1734/ </li></ul>
    18. 22. <ul><li>Lloyd Morgan, The latest study on the risk of brain cancer from wireless phone use, August 17, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.powerwatch.org.uk/columns/morgan/20060817_wireless_tumours.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Lloyd Morgan, Mobile phone causes brain tumors- more evidence, June 10, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.powerwatch.org.uk/news/20110610-mobile-phone-tumours-evidence.asp </li></ul>

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