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Abyssinia

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The Abyssinian Crisis

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Abyssinia

  1. 1. The Abyssinian Crisis
  2. 2. The Abyssinian Crisis The League in the 1930’s
  3. 3. “War is to man what maternity is to a woman. From a philosophical and doctrinal viewpoint, I do not believe in perpetual peace.” Benito Mussolini http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/b/benito_mussolini_2.html
  4. 4. Border clash at Walwal (1934)
  5. 5. Border clash at Walwal (1934) Ethopia asks LoN to arbitrate
  6. 6. Border clash at Walwal (1934) Ethopia asks LoN to arbitrate Italian troop buildup in Somaliland & Eritrea
  7. 7. Border clash at Walwal (1934) Ethopia asks LoN to arbitrate Italian troop buildup in Somaliland & Eritrea League attempt to prevent war
  8. 8. Italy invades October 3 - 1935
  9. 9. Italy invades October 3 - 1935 Ethiopian army is defeated repeatedly
  10. 10. Italy invades October 3 - 1935 Ethiopian army is defeated repeatedly November 18: Sanctions go into effect against Italy. They do not include oil or steel.
  11. 11. Italy invades October 3 - 1935 Ethiopian army is defeated repeatedly November 18: Sanctions go into effect against Italy. They do not include oil or steel. December 8: Hoare-Laval Plan is signed, which concedes two-thirds of Ethiopia to Italy.
  12. 12. Ethiopia rejects Hoare-Laval plan
  13. 13. Ethiopia rejects Hoare-Laval plan 1936 -January 3: Emperor Haile Selassie protests to League about Italy's bombing of villages and Italian use of Mustard Gas
  14. 14. Ethiopia rejects Hoare-Laval plan 1936 -January 3: Emperor Haile Selassie protests to League about Italy's bombing of villages and Italian use of Mustard Gas Italian army has continued success
  15. 15. Ethiopia rejects Hoare-Laval plan 1936 -January 3: Emperor Haile Selassie protests to League about Italy's bombing of villages and Italian use of Mustard Gas Italian army has continued success May 7: Italy officially annexes Ethiopia
  16. 16. June 20: Emperor Haile Selassie addresses the League of Nations. The League officially condemns the Italian actions.
  17. 17. June 20: Emperor Haile Selassie addresses the League of Nations. The League officially condemns the Italian actions. July 4: League drops all sanctions against Italy
  18. 18. June 20: Emperor Haile Selassie addresses the League of Nations. The League officially condemns the Italian actions. July 4: League drops all sanctions against Italy By February 1937 all Ethiopian forces have been defeated.
  19. 19. The Abyssinian Crisis - Success or Failure for the League of Nations? Why?

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