Bacson-Hoabinh & Dongson Culture in Indonesia


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Bacson-Hoabinh and Dongson Culture and its influences on Indonesian Culture.

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Bacson-Hoabinh & Dongson Culture in Indonesia

  1. 1. Culture in Indonesia Alexander Kevin Tanaka - Andika Prasetyo - Arya Saca - David - Edbert Prathama - Hernando Borosi - Leonardo Michael
  2. 2.  Mongoloid Race from mainland China South China (South) that is called Yunan. They come and spread from mainland China South to Southeast Asia. Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Filifina, Malaysia and Indonesia.  These people spread out in two periods. The first period will be done by the nation that is called Paleo Mongoloid. While the second period will be done by the Neo Mongoloid.  Evidence that there is a Mongoloid race that emerged in Indonesia can be seen from various cultures found mainly in Central Sulawesi.  In addition the results culture in the form an ax square and axs oval that is left in a few the territory of our State, Mongoloid race culture also left Toala. Cultural Toala came from South Sulawesi. These Cultural left various asian arrow that is very specific forms.  It is found in jagged end of the 19th century, together with the characteristics of a race Veddoid. Asian arrows from Toala appeared in 8,000 years ago. It was made in Maros was similar to the arrow Indian North, only one side jagged and used to hunt.  Cultural Mongoloid that emerged in the area Central Sulawesi has shown how foreign culture that receive the influence of cultural Mongoloid, Indonesian people also receive the effects of other cultures especially in the South-East Asia. Cultural was also influence wide and leaving in a cultural heritage and unphisical hindrance. Chapter Overview
  3. 3.  Location
  4. 4.   Early History of Culture Bacson-Hoabinh  Origin : India  Bacson-Hoabinh term was first used by French archaeologist Madeleine Colani named in the 1920s.  Culture Bacson-Hoabinh thought to originate from the 10,000 BC-4000 BC, about 7000 years BC.  This culture takes place in the Holocene epoch.  Characteristic of stone tools culture Bacson-Hoabinh is flakiness on one or two sides of the stone surface ± 1 times the size of a fist, and often the whole into parts sharp edges.  Culture Bacson-Hoabinh is thought to have evolved in the Mesolithic era. Mesolithic era cultural center in Asia was in two places, namely in Bacson and the Hoabinh. Both places are located in the region of Tonkin in Indochina (Vietnam). It is used to show where the manufacture of stone tools typical to characterize trimmed on one or two sides of the surface. Bacson-Hoabinh Culture
  5. 5.   Spreading Culture Bacson-Hoabinh to Indonesia  The spread of culture in conjunction with Hoabinh Bacson- displacement race melanesoid Papua into Indonesia through the western and eastern roads.  They come in the archipelago by boat bercadik and live in the east coast of Sumatra and Java.  Eventually, they withdrew to the region of Eastern Indonesia and known as the Papuan race is in progress at the time the Mesolithic culture that advocates the Mesolithic culture is Papua melanesoid.  Papuan race is alive and living in caves (abris sous roche) and left the hills shells or kitchen waste (kjokkenmoddinger). Race to the Archipelago of Papua melanesoid the Holocene era. Bacson-Hoabinh Culture
  6. 6.  Relics of Bacson-Hoabinh Culture Bacson-Hoabinh Culture
  7. 7.   Handheld ax found in the shells of the hill is called the pebble or ax Sumatra (Sumatralith) according to the location of its discovery is on the island of Sumatra.  Ingredients to make the ax comes from the stone being broken down. Besides pebble found in kjokkenmoddinger ax also found similar but shorter shape (half circle) called Hache Courte or hatchets. This ax to grasp how to use it. Handheld Axe
  8. 8.   Around the area and Sidorejo Nganding near Ngawi, Madiun (East Java) found hand-held axes and tools of bone and horn. The tools of the bone shape is nothing like a dagger and a serrated cutting edge on its side. The function is to scrape yam and taro from the soil, as well as fishing. Axes of Bone and Horn
  9. 9.   Tool in the form of small flakes of stone tool called flakes or flakes tool. Flakes in addition to the usual stone also made of beautifully colored stones like calsedon. Flakes has a function as a tool for skinning animals prey, slicing meat, or cutting the tubers. So it functions like a knife in the present. Besides discovered in Sangiran flakes found in other areas such as Pacitan, Gombong, Parigi, Jampang Kulon, Ngandong (Java), Lahat (Sumatra), Batturing (Sumbawa), Cabbenge (Sulawesi), Wangka, Soa, Mangeruda (Flores). Flakes
  10. 10.   Kjokkenmoddinger is garbage hills shells with a diameter of up to 100 meters with a depth of 10 meters. The relics found in Sumatra. The scallop layer interspersed with soil and ash. Place the scallops on a hill discovery area with a height that is almost equal to the present sea level and at the regional Holocene epoch is a coastline.  However, there are few places in the present invention have been under sea level. However, most of the places the discovery of stone tools along the coast has been buried under the soil sediment, as a result of the deposition process that lasted several new millennium. Kjokkenmoddinger
  11. 11.   The Effect of Culture on the Hoabinh Bacson- Indonesian Culture  The main effect of culture on the development of culture Hoabihn early Indonesian archipelago is associated with the tradition of making stone tools.  Preparation of human life fittings made of stone. Stone used for tools generally come from river gravel stones. The stone tools have done a thorough flakiness technique on one or two sides of the stone. The results indicate the diversity of flakiness. There are oval, rectangle, triangle, and some of them have shaped waist.  In terms of economy, culture supporter Hoabihn more emphasis on hunting and gathering activities in the area around the beach. Bacson-Hoabinh Culture
  12. 12.   Early history of the Dong Son Culture  Origin : Vietnam  Dong Son culture is a Bronze Age culture that flourished in the Valley of Song Hong, Vietnam. Culture is also grown in Southeast Asia, including in Indonesia, from about 1000 BC to 1 BC.  Dong Son culture originated from Austronesian cultural evolution. Itself has its genesis is searching Yue-tche is a nation that is a barbaric people who appear in the southwest of China around the 8th century BC.  Rapidly growing Chinese influence also affect the first Dong Son culture over the colonial expansion of China that started down to the borders of Tonkin.  That's the main source of art Dongson growing up who won the Han Dynasty occupation of Tonkin in the year 111 BC. Dong Son bronze culture is a culture that is in Southeast Asia. DongsonCulture
  13. 13.   Development of the Dong Son culture to Indonesia  The discovery of the objects of the Dong Son culture is very important because metal objects found in Indonesia are generally patterned Dong Son, and not influenced by the culture of India and China metal.  Dong Son culture has very large influence on the development of bronze culture in Indonesia. In fact no less than 56 nekara have been found in several parts of Indonesia and most nekara found in Sumatra, Java, South Moluccas.  From the discovery of objects Dong Son culture, it is known how to make a print using the lost wax technique is to create shapes from wax, then wax it in the dressing with clay and burned until there is a hole in the clay. Dongson Culture
  14. 14.   Arts Culture Dongson  It is apparent from the artifacts of daily life or equipment is very complicated rituals. Bronze is the material of choice. Objects such as ax with sheath, the tip of the spear, dagger, plowshares, three-legged strut to form a rich and beautiful.  The household pottery and vases, scales and eyes spinning head, jewelry including bracelets of bones and shells, beads of glass and others. Dongson Culture
  15. 15.   Religion and Belief Dong Son culture  From the motifs found in nekara often touted as nekara rain, displayed shamans or shamans-shaman who sometimes masquerades as a horned animal, shows the influence of China or more away society influence the steppe region. If the shape is symbolized as hunting, then there is another symbol showed agricultural activities that mataharidan frog (symbol of water). Actually, this nekara itself is associated with the agricultural cycle. By relying on the influence of the magic, it sounded nekara lightning to cause noise associated with the arrival of rain.  In nekara, which are often stored in the tomb visible motive boat filled with people who dressed and hooded feathers. It may describe the ghost of a dead man who sailed to heaven that lies somewhere in the east horizon vast ocean. In ancient societies, life is often equated with birds and maybe since that period until now still do the shaman during the Dong Son culture which is disguised as pastors bird that can fly to the kingdom of the dead to obtain knowledge about the future. Dongson Culture
  16. 16.  Relics of the Dong Son Culture Dongson Culture
  17. 17.   Nekara are objects made of bronze shaped like a cormorant that is prone or some sort kerumbung waisted in its central part and the top closed. On the wall there nekar berrbagai decoration, such as lines and crooked lurusa, gyre-gyre, stars, home, boat, and painting scenes such as the hunting and the people who are doing the dance ceremony. Nekara bronze found in many Bali, island of Sumba Sengean close, Selayar Island, Sumatra, Bread, Leti, Alor (East Nusa Tebggara), and Kei Islands. According to research nekara only used during ritual ceremonies. Bronze Nekara
  18. 18.   Bronze vessel shaped like a pot but Slim and Gepeng. Vessel found in Kerinci (West Sumatra) and Madura. Both have similar ornately carved and very beautiful form of geometry images and gyre- gyre like the letter "j". The vessel could be found in Madura there are also images of peacocks and deer in Triangle Box. Not known for certain functions of this object. Bronze Vessel
  19. 19.   Form of statues (sculptures) varied, describe such people are dancing, riding a horse, holding a bow and arrow. Areas where the discovery of such statues in the area Bangkina (Riau), Lumajang, Bogor and Palembang. Bronze Statues
  20. 20.   Shoes ax or funnel ax is made of bronze that its funnel- shaped top. Ax ax mouthpiece also called shoe as part of its funnel shape is used to place a wooden rod that looks like a rectangle shape of the foot. Funnel ax found in South Sumatra, Java, Bali, Central Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Selayar Island, and the area around Lake Sentani, Papua. Funnel Axe
  21. 21.   Bronze jewelry, among others, shaped bracelets, necklaces, earrings, and cinin. In general, these jewelry items are not ornate carvings. Found many relics, among others in Anyer (Banten), Plawangan near Central Java Gilimanuk (Bali), and Malelo (Sumba). Bronze Jewelry
  22. 22.  Summary Culture Bacson-Hoabinh Dongson Definition Stone culture which made stone tools Bronze culture which made bronze tools Materials Fist-sized stones Metal Materials (Generally copper, iron and bronze) Origin India Vietnam Period 10.000 BC – 4.000 BC 1.000 BC – 1 BC Tools Function Household appliance: For animal skinning, slicing meat, and peel and cut tuber crops. Spiritual Tool: Stone grave, for people who have died. As a means of supporting human life. Tool Dong Son culture results can be used for household appliances, as tools for hunting and breeding or farming tools. · As a tool for the needs of ceremony / ritual · For jewelry · As a means to demonstrate social status
  23. 23.  The term Bacson-Hoabinh first used in the 1920s by a French archaeologist Madeleine Colani named.  Culture Bacson-Hoabinh were in two places, namely in the Mountains Rising Dragon Bacson and in both there is a place name in the Tonkin Indochina (Vietnam). The culture that evolved during the Holocene in the Mesolithic era.  Characteristic of stone tools culture Bacson-Hoabinh is flakiness on one or two sides of the stone surface ± 1 times the size of a fist, and often the whole into parts sharp edges.  The spread of culture Bacson-Hoabinh to Indonesia along with the displacement race melanesoid to Indonesian Papua. In Indonesia  The tools of cultural heritage in the form of Hoabinh Bacson- cell axes, ax of bone and horn, flakes and kjokkenmoddinger. Conclusion
  24. 24.   Dong Son culture was first developed in the Song Hong Basin or the Ma River, Vietnam.  It is estimated that this culture took place in 1500 BC-500 BC. Dong Son culture grown in Southeast Asia, including in Indonesia, from about 1000 BC to 1 BC.  Dong Son is the first time the center of bronze culture in Southeast Asia. Stylish bronze Dong Son culture is widespread in Southeast Asia and the Indonesian archipelago. This is evident from the similarity of decorative motifs and materials he used.  The tools of cultural heritage in the form of nekara Dongsong, bronze vessels, bronze statues, axes funnel, and bronze jewelry. Conclusion
  25. 25.     Dong-Son-Sa-Huynh-India-dan-Logam-di-Indonesia  hoabinh.html   hoabinh-pengertian-alat-penemuan-ciri-ciri-persebaran.html   kebudayaan-bacson-hoabinh.html  kebudayaan-bacson-hoabinh-dan-dongson-di-kepulauan-indonesia- sejarah-kelas-x/ References
  26. 26.   Pictures were taken from :  Google Images  Wikipedia References