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The magnitude of an apparent energy gap is recognized as a measure of relative instability of electron pairing at the gap location, for it indicates that stabilized pairing can only be realized at a greater binding energy. At a low temperature, the chemical potential of a system like Bi2212 is determined by the most stable pairing, and will drop by about the energy of the mediating mode when pairing is stable. Bogoliubov quasiparticles are explained as excitations by lattice modes that win a mode competition among mediating modes and therefore have a large number of phonons depleted from losing modes. Thus, the energy of BQP peak is that of upper states of pairs mediated by the winning modes (~70 meV), while the energy of the nodal kink is that of the base states of these pairs, which shifts upward due to band topology on leaving the node. The “superconducting gap” corresponds to a kinked band section, a kink at the lower edge of which varnishes as nodal gap transform into the antinodal one.
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