The 5 Common Emergencies Airway obstruction, Cardiac Arrest, Respiratory Arrest, Soft-Tissue Injuries, Treatment of Burns By Emily Dothager
Airway ObstructionFull or partial blockage on the breathing pathways to the lungsAnything from an allergic reaction, object in the pathways, ortrauma can be the cause.Often comes on suddenly in a person with no prior warning!
Treatment of Airway ObstructionAssess the severity of the obstruction. If coughing... 1) Encourage continued coughing 2) Be careful to watch and make surethat the cough ifworking. If coughing is ineffective... 1) 5 back blows and 5 abdominalthrusts (if conscious) 2) Start CPR (ifunconscious) 3) Call for medicalassistance
Cardiac Arrest and SymptomsWhat is cardiac arrest?Cardiac Arrest occurs shortly after a fewsymptoms appear and is characterized as asudden loss of heart function.Symptoms: Sudden loss of responsiveness No breathing
TreatmentCall 911 IMMEDIATELYIf an AED (Automated ExternalDefibrillator) is available, USE!Begin CPR immediately and use untilEMS (emergency medical service)arrives.If AED was not previously available, useas soon as EMS arrives.Usually, Cardiac Arrest can be reversed iftreatment begins immediately. This is notsomething to mess around with, getprofessional help immediately!
Respiratory Arrest and SymptomsRespiratory Arrest occurs when an individual stops breathing on their own.Symptoms Include: No breathing Progressive loss of consciousness Low blood oxygen supply Airway obstruction (possible cause)
Treatment The only real effective treatment inrespiratory arrest is to use an alternativeventilation technique to treat the underlyingcause. This could be CPR or AED. As always,call 911 immediately and continue attemptedventilation techniques until they arrive.
Soft Tissue Injuries and Symptoms – A soft tissue injury is anyform of injury to the muscles, tendonsand fascia (tissue that links all parts ofbody; carries nerves and blood). – These injuries can be veryminor, or very serious. It just dependson the injury.Symptoms include: Cuts/scrapesBruises/swelling SprainsDislocationsQuestion: What are some other softtissue injuries that were notmentioned? Any personalexperiences?
TreatmentsTreatments include... 1) determine severity: 1st degree (mild), 2nd degree (moderate),or 3rd degree (severe) 2) If injury is just superficial (mild) then it can usually betreated at home with bandages, topical treatments, etc. 3) If injury involves deep cuts or large random bruises/swelling then head to the doctor for it to be properly assessed and treated. Apply pressure to open, bleeding wounds in the mean time 4) For sprains, strains, dislocations seek immediate medical attention to properly align and support the injury. 5) Always remember, that if it looks serious and you have noidea what to do then it is always best to seek medical advice orhelp..
Treatment of Burns (a soft tissue injury)Initial dos and donts for any degree of burns: Do: Prevent shock, reduce risk of infection, ease pain Dont: pierce/open blisters, peel off dead skin, or peel awayclothing stuck to burn.1st Degree Burn Treatment: No blisters from this one. Run burn under cold water and soothe withaloe vera gel. No medicalattention needed.2nd Degree Burn Treatment: Potentially require medical treatment depending on the severity(blisters) and area covered.Submerge burn in coldwater immediately or pour water over it depending on the placement.3 Degree Burn Treatment: Skin will be charred and white. Seek rd medical attention immediately!
AEDWhat does AED stands for? Automated External DefibrillatorWhat is an AED used for? It automatically diagnoses the heartrhythms and treats them through a processof defibrillation. Defibrilation stops thecurrent rhythm and allows the heart to restartat a normal rhythm.Has anyone had any experience with anAED?Must be AED certified to use.