Hfa progress review


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Hfa progress review

  1. 1. Welcome to Disaster Free Nepal
  2. 2. “ Review of the Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action: Experience of Nepal” By Iswar Raj Regmi Under Secretary Ministry of Home Affairs Government of Nepal
  3. 3. <ul><li>Good afternoon and welcome </li></ul><ul><li>I take this valuable opportunity to thank DMC team for this &quot;Review of Regional Experiences on Realizing HFA&quot;. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Structure of Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal and Disaster Interface </li></ul><ul><li>HFA: Source of Inspiration for National Disaster Management System </li></ul><ul><li>HFA and National Response: Innovative Approaches and Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges and Gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Ahead </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nepal and Disaster Interface <ul><li>Disaster-prone and multi-hazard country: hot-spot for disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster has significant relationship with poverty, livelihood, natural resource management, sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster has multi-dimensional impacts: environmental, humanitarian, political, demographic, economic and infrastructural </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal has </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three layers of tectonic fault zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unstable soil condition due to young mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of general tendency to maintain gradient in mountainous settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation and vegetation loss due to unscientific agro-farming and livestock farming </li></ul><ul><li>Culture of manipulating nature/environmental resources rather to add value to nature </li></ul>
  6. 7. HFA: Source of Inspiration for National Disaster Management System <ul><li>Developing policy ownership and securing priority at the national polity </li></ul><ul><li>Effective integration of disaster risk considerations into national development framework </li></ul><ul><li>Development and strengthening of institutions, mechanisms and capacities at all levels of disaster response, and in particular at the community level </li></ul><ul><li>Developing educational, scientific and technological support systems </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into emergency preparedness, response and recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive and collaborative partnerships at all levels: regional and international, national and community, government and non-government </li></ul>
  7. 8. HFA and National Response: Innovative Approaches and Achievements <ul><li>Priority 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that disaster risk is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Key Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Tenth Plan and PRSP priority: Mainstreaming and sectoral interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Integration into local self-governance act and the development planning system </li></ul><ul><li>National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management in process </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory exercise for a National Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster programming by Central Disaster Relief Committee </li></ul><ul><li>New Act on Disaster Management in exercise with a focus on developing strong national and community level institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Community based disaster management initiatives </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Priority 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning </li></ul><ul><li>Key Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Central Disaster Relief Committee has improved the criteria and methods for disaster risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for effective preparedness to disaster risks </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic vulnerability assessment of major hospitals/drinking water supply network </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal earthquake risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Information sharing at national, district and community levels on disaster risks </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Preparedness Network in action </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness campaigns and community level early warning system applied through community based disaster risk management programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-disaster seminars at national and community levels for disaster risk assessment and early preparedness </li></ul><ul><li>Weather forecasting and monitoring system </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Priority 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Priority 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the underlying risk factors </li></ul><ul><li>Key Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Community based disaster risk management programme </li></ul><ul><li>School safety programme </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour change communication through media and training, seminars and interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake safety day campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Integration disaster risk into school curricula </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of IEC materials at national and local levels </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic website on 'Disaster' in progress </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement of 'Building Code' and safety requirements by Municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>EIA and IEE </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation of at-risk communities in process </li></ul><ul><li>Retrofitting of public buildings </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Priority 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister Disaster Relief Fund, Central Disaster Relief Fund and District Disaster Relief Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster preparedness programme budget at national and district levels </li></ul><ul><li>National guidelines reviewed and put into force </li></ul><ul><li>Planning and simulation exercises at national and local levels </li></ul><ul><li>Kathmandu Valley earthquake preparedness initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars and workshops at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster preparedness and response action plan at local level </li></ul><ul><li>Community level disaster risk management/ flood management programme </li></ul><ul><li>Prepositioning of emergency rescue stores </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Priority 5 - Achievements contd..... </li></ul><ul><li>Community Level Preparedness for Glacier Lake Outburst Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Model agreement with UN OCHA for emergency response </li></ul><ul><li>Programme for Enhancement of Emergency Response-Training on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CSSR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MFR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOPE </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Development of National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management
  13. 15. Driving Factors <ul><li>Hyogo Framework of Action and Nepal’s firm commitment to realization </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development movement </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster management as cross-cutting issue of development </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster management as transformative agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Increased political commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty reduction and pro-poor development </li></ul><ul><li>State obligation and responsive governance </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border, regional and international cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster risk reduction as global, regional and sub-regional concern </li></ul>
  14. 16. Streams and Approaches <ul><li>Strategic planning model </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusionist and inventionist streams </li></ul><ul><li>Critical social model (social legitimacy) rather than administrative-technical legitimacy model </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive model: Best fit rather than best practice </li></ul><ul><li>Logical/Strategic incrementalism rather than so-called rational comprehensive model </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative/participatory approach </li></ul><ul><li>Rights-based approach rather than welfare approach </li></ul>
  15. 17. Structure <ul><li>Sector-specific strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water and sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter, infrastructure and physical planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information, communication, coordination and logistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search and rescue, and damage/need assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture and food security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihood protection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cross-cutting interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human rights and protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender and social inclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff safety and security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralization and local self-governance </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Consultative Mechanism <ul><li>Involvement of Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government line ministries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local governing bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGO networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community level organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local community people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International development partners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consultative process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectoral workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation with international development partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation with technical experts </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. Challenges and Gaps <ul><li>Governance Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace building process and political stability: determinant to political priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing a competent national institution with decentralized system of functioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilization of international and regional cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate legal instrument and weak enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of visible and persuasive role by local self-governing bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socio-cultural/Behavioural Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture of submission to divinity and lack of resilient culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional pattern of human settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complacent and non-demanding society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of environment-friendly society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate behaviour-change communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural resource dependency trap </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Methodological Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of scientific data, disaster mapping and micro-zonation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National documentation and information system on disaster is lacking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unpredictability due to climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability of technological applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widespread poverty and livelihood problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak capacity of national treasury to adequately fund disaster risk reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance and reconstruction of developmental infrastructures </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. Forward Moving Strategies: Priority Actions <ul><li>A nationally-owned and implementable national strategy on disaster risk reduction to implement HFA </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into national and local level planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Strong institutional base for effective response to disaster risk preparedness and reduction: Networked, decentralized, entrepreneurial, collaborative, professional and virtual </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening prevention and preparedness: systems, mechanisms, methodologies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific, educational and technological interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour-change interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction, recovery, relocation and rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-regional, regional and international cooperation and collaboration </li></ul>
  20. 23. Any queries, comments and suggestions...PLEASE
  21. 24. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>Thank you