Figures of SpeechFeature Menu  Figures of Speech     Simile     Metaphor     Personification     Review  Practice
Figures of SpeechFigure of speech—word or phrase that makes acomparison between seemingly unlike things.He collapsed onto ...
Figures of SpeechFigures of speech• are not literally true• make imaginative connections• express meaning in fresh and  or...
Figures of SpeechSome figures of speech have become part of oureveryday language. We don’t even think about thefact that t...
SimileSimile—comparison between two unlike things,using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.A lone oak tree stood ...
SimileQuick Check                                            Identify the twoMy mother has the prettiest tricks           ...
SimileQuick Check                                            Identify the twoMy mother has the prettiest tricks           ...
SimileQuick Check                                            What meaningMy mother has the prettiest tricks               ...
MetaphorMetaphor• comparison between two unlike things in which  one thing becomes the other• does not use a word such as ...
MetaphorPoets use metaphors to make the reader thinkabout new ways of seeing things.• What is the poet trying to say with ...
MetaphorA direct metaphor directly compares two thingsusing a verb such as is.His ideas were a flock of birdsin flight.An ...
MetaphorQuick Check                                    Identify eachThis computer is a dinosaur.                          ...
MetaphorQuick Check                                   Direct     Identify eachThis computer is a dinosaur.                ...
PersonificationPersonification—special kind of metaphor inwhich human qualities are given to something thatis not human—an...
ReviewQuick Check                                     Identify eachSpring caresses the earth and                          ...
ReviewQuick Check                                            Identify eachSpring caresses the earth and                   ...
Practice           Figures of speech are widely used.Look through a newspaper or magazine, includingthe advertisements, an...
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Collection vii figuresofspeech

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Collection vii figuresofspeech

  1. 1. Figures of SpeechFeature Menu Figures of Speech Simile Metaphor Personification Review Practice
  2. 2. Figures of SpeechFigure of speech—word or phrase that makes acomparison between seemingly unlike things.He collapsed onto the grass like a half-emptyflour sack. from “The Scarlet Ibis” by James HurstYou’ll come across figures of speech—or figurativelanguage—in poetry, in prose, and in everydayspeaking and writing.
  3. 3. Figures of SpeechFigures of speech• are not literally true• make imaginative connections• express meaning in fresh and original ways• often act as a kind of shorthand
  4. 4. Figures of SpeechSome figures of speech have become part of oureveryday language. We don’t even think about thefact that they aren’t literally true.He didn’t notice how quickly the timeflew by.My heart leapt at the thought.She must have gotten tied up in traffic.His room is a pigsty. [End of Section]
  5. 5. SimileSimile—comparison between two unlike things,using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.A lone oak tree stood in the front yardlike an aged but dedicated sentry.The dew on the leaves glistened asbrilliantly as loose diamonds on silk.That child’s eyes are warmer than thesummer’s sandy beach.
  6. 6. SimileQuick Check Identify the twoMy mother has the prettiest tricks similes in this Of words and words and words. excerpt.Her talk comes out as smooth and sleek As breasts of singing birds....................... What meaningWe had not dreamed these things were so is expressed by Of sorrow and of mirth. each simile?Her speech is as a thousand eyes Through which we see the earth. —from “Songs for my Mother” by Anna Hempstead Branch [End of Section]
  7. 7. SimileQuick Check Identify the twoMy mother has the prettiest tricks similes in this Of words and words and words. excerpt.Her talk comes out as smooth and sleek As breasts of singing birds.......................We had not dreamed these things were so Of sorrow and of mirth.Her speech is as a thousand eyes Through which we see the earth. —from “Songs for my Mother” by Anna Hempstead Branch
  8. 8. SimileQuick Check What meaningMy mother has the prettiest tricks is expressed by Of words and words and words. each simile?Her talk comes out as smooth and sleek She has a As breasts of singing birds. beautiful,................. soothing voice.We had not dreamed these things were so The mother’s Of sorrow and of mirth. words influenceHer speech is as a thousand eyes the children’s Through which we see the earth. perceptions of the world. —from “Songs for my Mother” by Anna Hempstead Branch
  9. 9. MetaphorMetaphor• comparison between two unlike things in which one thing becomes the other• does not use a word such as like or asThe flood waters rose, andthe river became a ravenousmonster. Raging on forhours, it consumedeverything in its sight.
  10. 10. MetaphorPoets use metaphors to make the reader thinkabout new ways of seeing things.• What is the poet trying to say with this metaphor?My heart it was a floating birdThat through the world did wander free,But he hath locked it in a cage,And lost the silver key. —from “The Prince” by Josephine Dodge Daskam
  11. 11. MetaphorA direct metaphor directly compares two thingsusing a verb such as is.His ideas were a flock of birdsin flight.An indirect metaphor implies or suggests thecomparison.His ideas spread their wings and soared freely.
  12. 12. MetaphorQuick Check Identify eachThis computer is a dinosaur. metaphor as either directShe stared at me with venomous or indirect.eyes and hissed out her reply.The old motorcycle barked andyipped before it started up witha howl.Today my mind is the windblowing across rolling hills. [End of Section]
  13. 13. MetaphorQuick Check Direct Identify eachThis computer is a dinosaur. metaphor as either directShe stared at me with venomous Indirect or indirect.eyes and hissed out her reply.The old motorcycle barked and Indirectyipped before it started up witha howl.Today my mind is the wind Directblowing across rolling hills.
  14. 14. PersonificationPersonification—special kind of metaphor inwhich human qualities are given to something thatis not human—an animal, an object, or an idea.The sun was shining on the sea, Shining with all his might:He did his very best to make The billows smooth and bright. —from “The Walrus and the Carpenter” by Lewis Carroll [End of Section]
  15. 15. ReviewQuick Check Identify eachSpring caresses the earth and figure of speech.sky with her warm, delicate hands. • Simile • MetaphorOur friendship is as comfortable • Personificationas a pair of flannel pajamas.The old factory had become aheaving, grunting beast. [End of Section]
  16. 16. ReviewQuick Check Identify eachSpring caresses the earth and figure of speech.sky with her warm, delicate hands. Personification • Simile • MetaphorOur friendship is as comfortable • Personificationas a pair of flannel pajamas. SimileThe old factory had become aheaving, grunting beast. Metaphor
  17. 17. Practice Figures of speech are widely used.Look through a newspaper or magazine, includingthe advertisements, and gather at least six figuresof speech. Look for examples of similes,metaphors, and personification. [End of Section]
  18. 18. The End

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