Prefixes and suffixes


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Prefixes and suffixes

  1. 1. A a-, ac-, ad-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, as-, at- to, toward, near, in addition to o aside (adverb): to or toward the side  o accompany (verb): to go with someone as a companion  o an + nihil + ate associate (verb): to join with  o al + loc + ate annihilate (verb): to destroy  o ag + gress + ion allocate (verb): to distribute to specific people or for specific purposes  o af + fix aggression (noun): hostile behavior towards someone or something  o ad + just affix (verb): to attach to something, to fasten  o ac + com + pan + y adjust (verb): to correct, to move closer to a correct position  o a + side as + soci + ate attend (verb): to look after, to go to   o at + tend a-, an- not, without apolitical (adjective): without interest in politics  o a + polit + ic + al anemia (noun): the condition (disease) of not having enough red blood cells   o an + em + ia ab-, abs- away from, off abrupt (adjective): unexpected change  o ab + rupt absolve (verb): to be set free from one's actions or obligations   o ab + solve ante- before anterior (adjective): before or near the front   o ante + rior anti- against antipathy (noun): dislike, opposite feeling   o anti + path + y auto- self automotive (adjective): related to self-propelled machines
  2. 2.  auto + mot + ive B bi- two o biped (noun): a two-footed animal  o bi + ped biennial (adjective): happening every two years bi + enni + al C cat-, cata-, cath- down, with o category (noun): a class or set to which a thing belongs  o cate + gor + y catalogue (noun): a book or pamphlet that lists and describes  cata + log + ue o catheter (noun): a medical device used to transfer fluids cath +eter o circum- around o circumvent (verb): to manage to get around a situation   o circum + vent co-, cog-, col-, com-, con-, cor together, with cohesiveness (noun): the ability to stick together  o cognate (adjective): related, similar in nature  o com + mit + ment convenient (adjective): handy, nearby  o col + lab + or + ate commitment (noun): to entrust, to put into a place  o cog + nate collaborate (verb): to work together  o co + hes + ive + ness con + veni + ent correct (verb): to set right, to be right   o cor + rect contra- against, opposite contradict (verb) to state the opposite  contra + dict
  3. 3. D de- to do the opposite, to take away from o decrease (verb): to grow smaller, to become less   o de + cre + ase di-, dif-, dis- apart, separate, two, opposite, not divide (verb): to separate into two or more parts  o di + vide differ (verb): to be unlike   o dif + fer dis- not, opposite of, exclude distrust (verb): to have no confidence or trust  dis + trust E e-, ex- out, out of, from o emit (verb) to send out  e + mit o expel (verb): to force out ex + pel o en-, em- put into o enamor (verb): to cause to love, to "put" someone "into" love  en + am + + or o empower (verb): to give power, to put into power em + pow + er o epi-, upon, beside, over o epilogue (noun): the concluding section of a play or literary work   o epi + logue extra- beyond extraordinary (adjective): going beyond normal  extra + ordin + ary I il-, im-, in-, ir, not, in o illegible (adjective): cannot be read  o imposter (noun): someone who poses as someone else  o il + leg + ible im + post + er inaction (noun): lack of motion, idle
  4. 4.  o in + act + ion irresolute (adjective): uncertain about hot to act, undecided, not having a solution   o ir + re + solute in-, im-, il- in, into instead (adverb): in place of, an alternative  o in + stead import (verb): to bring into a country from another country   o im + port inter- between, among interject (verb): to throw something (usually a comment) between other things   inter + ject intro- into o introspection (noun): to look into one's own thoughts and feelings  intro + spect + ion M mal- bad o malfunction (noun): when something does not work properly   o mal + funct + ion mis- wrong misconduct (noun): wrong doing, bad behavior   o mis + con + duct mono- one monologue (noun): a dramatic performance or speech given by one actor   o mono + logue multi- many multiply (verb): to increase in number  multi + ply N non- not, no o nonsense (noun): something that has no meaning or makes no sense  non + sense O ob-, oc-, of-, op- toward, against, in the way
  5. 5. o obtain (verb): to gain or get, to get a hold of  o occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind  o oc + cur offer (verb): to attempt to give, to propose, to try to hand out  o ob + tain of + fer oppose (verb): to be against, to stand in the way of something   o op + pose over- excessive, above overwork (verb): to have too much work  over + work P para- beside o paradox (noun): a statement that seems true and contradictory at the same time   o para + dox per- through persecute (verb): to go after, to pursue   o per + secute post- after postpone (verb): to put off to a later time, to delay   o post + pone pre- before precede (verb): to go before, to come in front of   o pre + cede pro- for, foward propel (verb): to push forward  pro + pel R re- back, again o readmit (verb): to allow in again   o re + ad + mit retro- backward retrospect (noun) to look back at past events  retro + spect
  6. 6. S se- apart, move away from o secede (verb): to withdraw from an organization   o se + cede semi- half semiannual (adjective): occurring twice a year   o semi + annu + al sub-, suc-, suf-, sup-, sur-, sus under, beneath, near, from below, secretly, above, up submarine (adjective): underwater  o succeed (verb): to do well, to come after  o sup + port survive (verb): to live, to live through something, to exist  o suf + fice support (verb): to hold up, too keep up  o suc + ceed suffice (verb): to be enough  o sub + mar + ine sur + vive sustain (verb): to keep up, to hold up,   o sus + tain super- over, above superimpose (verb): to place something on top of something else   o super + im + pose syn-, sym- together, at the same time synchronous (adjective): happening at the same time  o syn + chron + ous sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings, compassion  sym + path + y T trans- across, beyond, change o transform (verb): to change shape   o trans + form tri- three tripod (noun): a three-legged stand
  7. 7.  tri + pod U un- not, against, opposite o unceasing (adjective): never ending, continuous   un + ceas + ing uni- one o uniform (adjective): having the same form or consistency  uni + form