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'Taking A Long View' by Peter Burnhill

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Presented by Peter Burnhill at the "Taking the Long View" conference in Edinburgh, 7 September 2015.

Strategies to ensure long-term access to digital collections.

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'Taking A Long View' by Peter Burnhill

  1. 1. Taking A Long View Peter Burnhill EDINA, University of Edinburgh 09:40 – 10:00 Taking The Long View: International Perspectives on E-Journal Archiving Edinburgh 7th September 2015
  2. 2. what was once available in print, on-shelf locally … … is now online & accessed remotely, ‘anytime/anywhere’ We’ve seen improved Ease of Access… But what of Continuity of Access? (this is mostly due to publishers)
  3. 3. Digital back copy is not in the custody of libraries Picture credit: http://somanybooksblog.com/2009/03/27/library-tour/ Libraries boast of ‘e-collections’, but do they only have ‘e-connections’?
  4. 4. to ensure researchers, students & their teachers have ease and continuing access to online resources needed for scholarship licence to use access to content & tools Our Shared Task is Stewardship: delegated responsibility to care for or improve over time
  5. 5. “The Scholarly Record has a fuzzy edge” ‘e-journals’ Websites, Databases, Repositories ‘book-length work’ ‘Gov Docs’ Limit Scope: The (digital) Scholarly Record conference proceedings ‘e-magazines’ ‘e-newsmedia’ ‘data as findings’ Widen scope: + Resources Needed for Scholarship e-theses e-methods: software
  6. 6. Online Continuing Resources Issued in Parts ‘Serials’ Content changes over time ‘Integrating’ ‘e-journals’ Websites, Databases, Repositories ‘Gov Docs’ Practical focus today on what is identified as issued online as a ‘continuing resource’ Conference proceedings ‘e-magazines’ ‘e-newsmedia’ Stewardship for a significant part of our ‘Published Heritage’ E-theses The wider scope includes the ‘web-resident’: Web Archiving & Reference Rot
  7. 7. National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences All Hail The Keepers: offering digital shelving ① Web-scale not-for-profit archiving agencies: ② National libraries … ① Research libraries: consortia & specialist centres … National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  8. 8. Many archiving organisations a Good Thing  “Digital information is best preserved by replicating it at multiple archives run by autonomous organizations” B. Cooper and H. Garcia-Molina (2002) Bad stuff will happen! But how do we know who is keeping what?
  9. 9. thekeepers.org as Global Monitor … to discover who is looking after what ISSN-L as kernel field
  10. 10. Streams of issued content being archived? The Keepers Registry reports titles ‘ingested & archived’ by at least 1 ‘keeper’: 16,558 In 2011 21,557 in 2013 28,507 as at August 2015 * More archiving & more knowledge as more archives report into Registry! More ISSN assigned 35,000 in 2009 100,000 in 2012 169,000 in 2015
  11. 11. Two Key Statistics: Ingested / Identified ‘Ingest Ratio’ = titles ingested by one or more Keeper / total ‘online serials’ in ISSN Register = 28,507 / 169,634 [as of August 2015] => 17% ‘KeepSafe Ratio’ = titles being ingested by 3+ Keepers / total ‘online serials’ in ISSN Register = 10,019 / 169,634 => 6%
  12. 12. Archival Status of what Libraries List (USA) ‘Ingest Ratio’ = 22% to 28% about a quarter => fate of c.75% unknown In 2011/12 three major research libraries in the USA checked archival status of serial titles regarded as important P. Burnhill (2013) Tales from The Keepers Registry: Serial Issues About Archiving & the Web. Serials Review 39 (1), 3–20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098791313000178, &https://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/6682 Every library can now do this via Members Area in the Keepers Registry
  13. 13. with usage logs from the UK OpenURL Router • 53,311 online titles requested in UK during 2012 3 years later, in 2015: ‘Ingest Ratio’ = 36% (19,231/53,311) => fate of 34,080 titles unknown ‘KeepSafe Ratio’ = 20% (10,847/53,311) Archival Status of what Users Request (UK)
  14. 14. 15 %age of 165,949 ISSN assigned to ‘e’ (July 2015) US: 19% Rest of World: c. 50% Canada 5%UK: 9% Brazil: 4% Ger: 6% Fra: 7% Researchers (& libraries) in any one country depend on content written & published as serials in countries other than their own 169,634
  15. 15. Known Archival Status of Online Continuing Resources (assigned ISSN) by Country, July 2015 More archiving & More knowledge as more ISSN assigned & more archives report into Registry! Need to think ‘international’. UNESCO IFLA EiFL IATUL ARL ASEAN/ AUNILO LIBER
  16. 16. *Ordered by Ingest Ratio* Who is looking after each country’s publishers? Elsevier Hindawi T&F, OUP, etc Wiley etc Springer Karger
  17. 17. Some Publishers’ Titles are being kept very safe
  18. 18. very many ‘at risk’ e-journals from many (small & not so small) publishers BIG publishers act early but incompletely Priority: find economic way to archive content from
  19. 19. ① Web-scale not-for-profit archiving agencies: ② National libraries … ① Research libraries: consortia & specialist centres … National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences Today’s ‘Keepers’: digital shelves above-campus National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  20. 20. ① Web-scale not-for-profit archiving agencies: ② National libraries … ① Research libraries: consortia & specialist centres … Two New ‘Keepers’ in waiting: OA/OJS & Brazil National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  21. 21. • Strategies to ensure archiving titles in the 'Long Tail’ – of each nation’s ‘Published Heritage’ • E-journals, Government Documents, NewsMedia • How to cooperate to deliver assurance that all the parts (volumes & issues) of a given title are archived • And of course, the support (funds & collection development judgment) that they need from us – from a library community who increasingly depend on their actions – ‘Right-scaling’ “ …determining which materials are best managed at the local level, which are best moved into some form of shared stewardship infrastructure “above the institution” (Constance Malpas & Brian Lavoie, 2014) Themes for today & tomorrow …
  22. 22. Ensuring Continued Access to Streams of Issued Content http://www.flickr.com/photos/shinez/5000985919/ Thank you

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