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Cartography at the Ordnance Survey

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Presentation given by Christopher Wesson, Cartographic Design Consultant, Ordnance Survey at GeoForum2015, University of Greenwich, 16 June 2015

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Cartography at the Ordnance Survey

  1. 1. Christopher Wesson Cartographic Design Consultant June 2015 Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles CARTOGRAPHY AT ORDNANCE SURVEY
  2. 2. or Digimap… Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  3. 3. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  4. 4. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  5. 5. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  6. 6. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  7. 7. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  8. 8. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  9. 9. CARTOGRAPHIC DESIGN PRINCIPLES Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  10. 10. UNDERSTANDING OF USER REQUIREMENTS Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  11. 11. 1 How will the map be presented? Examples: Website, technical document, locally-printed newsletter, presentation, mobile device, poster, glossy magazine, slideshow 2 Are there any constraints on the size and shape of the map? Examples: The map needs to be 10cm by 10cm to fit on a leaflet; the map needs to be 360x240 pixels 3 Who will use the map? Examples: General public, avid cyclists, attendees of an event, employees of an organisation 4 What is the purpose of the map? Examples: To serve as a reference map; as a location map; to show a route; to show where something was or will be; to display demographic information such as average income by region 5 What information needs to be included? Examples: Third party data, topography, primary road network, aerial photography, statistics/tables, ‘walking distance’ scale bar, logos, images 6 What geographical area does the map need to cover? Examples: England, Hampshire, Lake District, from London Bridge Station in the NE to Elephant and Castle in the SW, a 10-mile radius from the event 7 Are there any additional design requirements? Examples: Should the map style match an existing product? Should the map match a company’s colour scheme? Should a particular OS product be used? 8 What is the desired delivery schedule? Examples: By when do you need the first proof? By when do you need the final map? Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  12. 12. CONSIDERATION OF DISPLAY FORMAT Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  13. 13. A CLEAR VISUAL HIERARCHY Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  14. 14. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  15. 15. SIMPLICITY Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  16. 16. LEGIBILITY Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  17. 17. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles Text size, font, etc. Text size, font, etc.
  18. 18. CONSISTENCY Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  19. 19. ACCESSIBILITY Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  20. 20. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  21. 21. GOOD COMPOSITION Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  22. 22. Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  23. 23. SUMMARY • Following the principles gives favourable chance of good cartographic design • Consider them at every decision • Design once, develop, design again • Don’t be afraid to be creative ‘A solution to a problem in math is either right or wrong, but a solution to a cartographic problem is only good or bad.’ Eduard Imhof Find more on our principles on the OS website and blog: www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/cartodesign Cartography at OS and our Cartographic Design Principles
  24. 24. Christopher Wesson christopher.wesson@os.uk 023 8005 5144

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