Introduction to Linguistics_The History of Linguistics

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Introduction to Linguistics_The History of Linguistics

  1. 1. Edi Brata Mathla‟ul Anwar University
  2. 2. Before Nineteenth Century o Language was of interest mainly philosophers (Plato and Aristotle) o Fisis Vs. Nomos Controversy o Analogy Vs. Anomaly Controversy o Nature Vs. Nurture Controversy to
  3. 3. Nineteenth Century: Historical Linguistics o 1786 is the year which many people regard as the birthdate of linguistics. o Sir William Jones discovers Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Celtic and Germanic had striking structural similarities. o In the mid-19th century Darwin published The Origin of Species.
  4. 4. Early to Mid-20th Century: Descriptive Linguistics Emphasis shifted from language change to language description.
  5. 5. Early to Mid-20th Century: Descriptive Linguistics Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913), ‘the father of modern linguistics’: • Synchronic and Diachronic • La Langue and La Parole • Signifiant and Signifie • Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic
  6. 6. Early to Mid-20th Century: Descriptive Linguistics Leonard Bloomfield (1877-1949), „Structuralism Linguistics‟ : • • Linguistics should deal objectively and systematically with observable data. IC Analysis
  7. 7. Early to Mid-20th Century: Descriptive Linguistics John Rupert Firth (1890-1960), „Phonology Prosody‟ (Segmental and Supra-segmental)
  8. 8. Early to Mid-20th Century: Descriptive Linguistics Edward Sapir (1884-1939) “Language and Culture”
  9. 9. Mid- to late- 20th Century: Generative Linguistics • Born: December 7, 1928 • Son of a professor of Hebrew • Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania, 1955
  10. 10. Mid- to late- 20th Century: Generative Linguistics • Universal Grammar • Transformational Grammar
  11. 11. Thank You

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