Intro. to Linguistics_5 The Development of English
INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS (5TH MEETING: THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH) By: Edi Brata
ENGLISH IS UNIQUE [A] [U] father put village cut man burn small building apple
GREAT BRITAINSCOTLAND, ENGLAND, WALES, IRELAND)
THE HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAINSCOTLAND, ENGLAND, WALES, IRELAND) Britain Angles Jutes Saxons GERMANY
PROTO ENGLISHo Germanic peoples (Angles, Saxons, Frisian, Jutes and Franks) gave rise to the English language.o They traded and fought with and lived alongside the Latin-speaking peoples of the Roman Empire.
OLD ENGLISH (450-1100 AD) Part of Beowulf, a poem written in Old English.
MIDDLE ENGLISH (1100-1500) An example of Middle English by Chaucer.
EARLY MODERN ENGLISH (The Late 15th to the Late 17th Century)Adoption of many foreign words, especially borrowings from Latin and Greek since the Renaissance.
MODERN ENGLISH (From 17th Century to Present)Many more words, arising from the Industrial Revolution and the technology that created a need for new words as well as international development of the language.
GRAMMATICAL CHANGES (Evolution of English Pronouns)Interrogative Pronouns Middle Modern Case Old English English English Nominative hwā who who hwone / Accusative hwæneMasculine/Fe whom who / whomminine hwām Dative(Person) / hwǣm Instrumental Genitive hwæs whos whose Nominative hwæt what Accusative hwæt what hwām what / whomNeuter (Thing) Dative / hwǣm Instrumental hwȳ / hwon why why
BRITISH ENGLISH VS. AMERICAN ENGLISHPronunciationo teacher, four, father, brother, car AE [r] BE [ ]o ask, class, glass, mask, last, answer AE [æ ] BE : [ a ]o believe, beyond, before, between AE [ə ] BE [ i ]
BRITISH ENGLISH VS. AMERICAN ENGLISHSpelling American English British English color colour - favorite, armor, parlor, harbor center centre - theater, meter, saber dialog dialogue - catalog, prolog travel travel - marvel, jewely critisize critisise - memorize, critisize plow plough
BRITISH ENGLISH VS. AMERICAN ENGLISHVocabulary American English British English trucks lorry candies sweets vacation holiday elevator lift soccer football movies films
BRITISH ENGLISH VS. AMERICAN ENGLISHGrammar American English British English You must come and visit me really You must come visit me real soon. soon. He dove into the water. He dived into the water. Go get your book. Go and fetch your book. Do you have any siblings? Have you got any brothers or sisters?