Planning For An Aging Population


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Planning For An Aging Population

  1. 1. Creating Environments for Successful Aging Jana Lynott, AICP Strategic Policy Advisor Transportation/Livable Communities AARP Public Policy Institute
  2. 2. Every 11 Seconds a Boomer Turns 60 Source: Getting Current: Recent Demographic Trends in Metropolitan America, Metropolitan Policy Program at the Brookings Institute, 2009.
  3. 3. The Age Wave is Coming and it will hit harder in Hawaii Projected Growth in the Older Population in Hawaii as a Percentage of 2000 Census, by Age Group, 2000-2030 Population (% of 2000 Census) 220% 200% 85+ 75-84 180% 65-74 50-64 160% 140% 120% 100% 80% 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Houser, Fox-Grage, Gibson (2009). Across the States 2009: Profiles of Long-Term and Independent Living. Washington, DC: AARP Public Policy Institute.
  4. 4. Longevity Paradox “Having invested so much to get people to live longer, we’ve barely given any thought to how we can help them to live better.” ~Joe Coughlin, MIT AgeLab
  5. 5. Our Communities are Unprepared • 54% of American communities do not have the policies, programs or services in place to promote quality of life, community engagement, and independent living of older adults (N4A survey of 10K local governments, 2006). • 2/3 of transportation planners and engineers have not yet begun considering the needs of older users in their multi- modal planning (AARP Public Policy Institute/ITE online survey of more than 1K planners and engineers, 2008).
  6. 6. Safety on America’s streets is a major concern for older adults • 40% say they do not have adequate sidewalks in their neighborhoods • 47% say they cannot cross their main roads safely International Communications Research Poll for AARP, 1,000 adults, July 2008 6
  7. 7. Hawaii’s Roads are Particularly Hazardous to Older Pedestrians (65+) 60% 50% 40% Hawaii 30% US 20% 10% 0% Total Motor Pedestrian Population Vehicle Fatalities Fatalities Source: NHTSA, FARS Encyclopedia, 2005
  8. 8. Are falls a • Fall-related deaths and hospitalizations are more planning than double those for motor problem? vehicles injuries for the 65+ • Falls cost Hawaii $10,600/fall in direct medical and long-term care costs. • Falls account for 68% of hospitalizations for 65+ pop • Almost half occur away outside the home
  9. 9. Livable Communities Mobility: Americans 50+ are able to sustain mobility as they age Photo by Jana Lynott Housing: Americans 50+ have appropriate and affordable housing options Photo by Jana Lynott
  10. 10. Livable Communities— Principles & Solutions • Choice • Affordability • Accessibility
  11. 11. Increasing Home Access: Designing for Visitability Authors: Jordana L. Maisel & Edward Steinfeld Center for Inclusive Design and Environmental Access Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Universal Design at Buffalo College Park/ LeMoyne Gardens Photo courtesy of Torti Gallas and Associates School of Architecture and Planning University at Buffalo & Eleanor Smith Concrete Change
  12. 12. Step-less entrance Bathroom access Accessible circulation Visitability Features  One zero step entrance, located at the front, back, or side of the house, on an accessible path of travel  32 inch clear opening at doorways and accessible circulation throughout the floor plan  Basic access to at least one bath or half bath on the ground floor
  13. 13. February 9-17th, 2009 Atlanta, Georgia
  14. 14. Key Findings • Lifelong Communities must embrace tenets of Urbanism—connected network of streets and sidewalks, services located near housing, housing and transportation choices. • Current accessibility regulations (ADA & Fair Housing Act) do not meet needs • Need new rules based on performance rather than compliance
  15. 15. Social Interaction
  16. 16. Land Use Policy • Coordination of housing, transportation & service decisions • Mixed-use within Photo credit: City of Boulder Planning Dept. easy walking distance of shopping, recreation, public transportation & services • TOD
  17. 17. AARP’s Mobility Agenda: Access to Transportation Some Statistics: • Outliving our driving years − At age 70 – men outlive by 7 years and women outlive by 10 years • Stranded without options − 6.8 million non-drivers 65+ − 54% stay home
  18. 18. AARP’s Mobility Agenda: Access to Transportation Family of Travel Choices • Fixed-route public transportation – Travel training − Travel experience • Specialized Services − Paratransit − Non-emergency medical transportation − ―Senior Ride‖ − Volunteer transportation services − Rideshare programs − Taxi service − Rural Transportation
  19. 19. Transit Solutions
  20. 20. AARP’s Mobility Agenda: The Travel Environment • ―Complete Streets‖ = Roads safe for all users – Pedestrians/motorists/bicyclists/transit riders • Road design features to promote safety − Intersections – lanes and signals − Pavement markings − Signage and font size − Lighting
  21. 21. Farmers Markets and Community Gardens— A working and social space
  22. 22. Discussion Questions 1. Is your home designed with basic ―visitable‖ access features (zero step entrance, wide doorways, restroom on main floor)? 2. What changes are needed to our zoning ordinance and housing code to allow visitable homes to be built? 3. How prepared is our community for an aging population? 4. What other challenges can we address at the local government level to improve our livability for all ages?