Africa, by far the
region, will record
the largest amount
growth of any world
region between now
Africa’s population is
expected to more
than double, rising
from 1.1 billion today
to alteast 2.4 billion
Nearly all of that growth will be in the
51 countries of sub-Saharan Africa,
the region’s poorest.
Rapid population growth makes it
difficult for economies to create
enough jobs to lift large numbers of
people out of poverty.
•Today women in sub-
Saharan Africa average
5.2 children, a rate that
rises as high as 7.6 in Niger.
•The 10 countries
worldwide with the
highest fertility are all in
•In addition to high birth
rates, the region’s
population is also quite
young, with 43 percent of
the population below age
Given its youthful
population growth in
Africa will depend upon
the degree to which the
parents of tomorrow use
The projections assume
that family planning will
If not, Africa’s population will grow more
rapidly, further constraining efforts to
address poverty, create jobs, and
protect the environment.
According to the report, developing countries tend
to have wide income gaps between rich and poor
that are associated with dramatic differences in
fertility and health.
for example, In Uganda, women from the poorest
fifth of families have twice as many children as those
from the wealthiest fifth.
Children from the poorest
families are much more likely
to die before turning 5 than
their counterparts in the
The contrasts between the
rich and poor countries,
illustrate by comparing Niger
and the Netherlands.
Even though the
two countries have
almost the same
today, Niger is
projected to nearly
about 17 million
today to 66 million
Niger’s total fertility rate of 7.6 lifetime births per woman is
more than four times the Netherlands’ rate of 1.7 per woman.
One half of Niger’s population is younger than age 5,
compared with 17 percent of the Netherlands’ population.
The Netherlands population will likely grow very slowly from 17 million
to 18 million over that same time.
At the root of this “demographic divide” are differences in the
average number of births per woman and the share of the
population in their childbearing years.
Worldwide, the total fertility
rate (TFR, or average
number of children per
woman) is 2.5, and 4.4 in the
TFRs range from a low of 1.2
in Bosnia –Herzegovinina to
a high of 7.6 in Niger.
Despite having one of the world’s highest standards
of living, the gap in the United States between the
income share of the wealthiest and the poorest
households is one of the widest among industralized
inequality at record
high BBC 10 September
2013 Last updated
at 19:06 GMT
Three years into the Obama
administration’s economic “recovery,” the
richest sections of the US population now
concentrate in their hands a greater portion
of the national income than at any point in
nearly a century.
Between 2009 and 2012, total US income
grew by 6 percent, according to an updated
study by economists Emmanuel Saez and
Thomas Piketty. However, 95 percent of this
growth went to the top 1 percent. For the
bulk of the population, real incomes have
For the first time since at least 1917,
the top 10 percent of the population now
takes in more than half (50.42 percent) of
all income, including capital gains. The
previous record, set in 2007, was 49.74
percent. The top 10 percent income share
reached a pre-Great Depression peak of
49.29 percent in 1928, just before the 1929
Wall Street cras
Finally, the Population Reference Bureau
informs people around the world about
population, health, and the
environment, and empowers them to
use the information to advance the well-
being of current and future generations.
Source: Population Reference Bureau