World Facts: Africa to Lead in Population Growrth


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World Facts: Africa to Lead in Population Growrth

  1. 1.  Africa, by far the world’s poorest region, will record the largest amount of population growth of any world region between now and 2050.  Africa’s population is expected to more than double, rising from 1.1 billion today to alteast 2.4 billion by 2050.
  2. 2.  Nearly all of that growth will be in the 51 countries of sub-Saharan Africa, the region’s poorest.  Rapid population growth makes it difficult for economies to create enough jobs to lift large numbers of people out of poverty.
  3. 3. •Today women in sub- Saharan Africa average 5.2 children, a rate that rises as high as 7.6 in Niger. •The 10 countries worldwide with the highest fertility are all in sub-Saharan Africa. •In addition to high birth rates, the region’s population is also quite young, with 43 percent of the population below age 15.
  4. 4.  Given its youthful population, future population growth in Africa will depend upon the degree to which the parents of tomorrow use family planning.  The projections assume that family planning will become more widespread.
  5. 5.  If not, Africa’s population will grow more rapidly, further constraining efforts to address poverty, create jobs, and protect the environment.
  6. 6.  According to the report, developing countries tend to have wide income gaps between rich and poor that are associated with dramatic differences in fertility and health.  for example, In Uganda, women from the poorest fifth of families have twice as many children as those from the wealthiest fifth.
  7. 7.  Children from the poorest families are much more likely to die before turning 5 than their counterparts in the wealthiest families.  The contrasts between the rich and poor countries, illustrate by comparing Niger and the Netherlands.
  8. 8.  Even though the two countries have almost the same population size today, Niger is projected to nearly quadruple its population from about 17 million today to 66 million in 2050.
  9. 9.  Niger’s total fertility rate of 7.6 lifetime births per woman is more than four times the Netherlands’ rate of 1.7 per woman.  One half of Niger’s population is younger than age 5, compared with 17 percent of the Netherlands’ population.
  10. 10.  The Netherlands population will likely grow very slowly from 17 million to 18 million over that same time.  At the root of this “demographic divide” are differences in the average number of births per woman and the share of the population in their childbearing years.
  11. 11.  Worldwide, the total fertility rate (TFR, or average number of children per woman) is 2.5, and 4.4 in the poorest countries.  TFRs range from a low of 1.2 in Bosnia –Herzegovinina to a high of 7.6 in Niger.
  12. 12.  Despite having one of the world’s highest standards of living, the gap in the United States between the income share of the wealthiest and the poorest households is one of the widest among industralized countries. Source: 1206/worlds-richest- countries.html
  13. 13. US income inequality at record high BBC 10 September 2013 Last updated at 19:06 GMT Three years into the Obama administration’s economic “recovery,” the richest sections of the US population now concentrate in their hands a greater portion of the national income than at any point in nearly a century. Between 2009 and 2012, total US income grew by 6 percent, according to an updated study by economists Emmanuel Saez and Thomas Piketty. However, 95 percent of this growth went to the top 1 percent. For the bulk of the population, real incomes have fallen sharply. For the first time since at least 1917, the top 10 percent of the population now takes in more than half (50.42 percent) of all income, including capital gains. The previous record, set in 2007, was 49.74 percent. The top 10 percent income share reached a pre-Great Depression peak of 49.29 percent in 1928, just before the 1929 Wall Street cras
  14. 14.  Finally, the Population Reference Bureau informs people around the world about population, health, and the environment, and empowers them to use the information to advance the well- being of current and future generations.
  15. 15.  Worldnow .com  Source: Population Reference Bureau  2010  www.