Liberia's Bureacratic Reforms

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Liberia's Bureacratic Reforms

  1. 1. EDWIN B.R. GBARGAYE PRESENTER/DISCUSSANT/FACILITATOR PA-301 UP-NCPAG
  2. 2. OUTLINE INTRODUCTION HISTORICAL FACTS EVOLUTION OF REFORM GLOBAL EXPERIENCE WHY REFORM IN LIBERIA CHALLENGES/CONSTRAINTS IMPACTS INTERNATIONAL OBSERVATION REFERENCES
  3. 3. Liberia
  4. 4. Liberia Liberia : “Grain Coast”, “Land of the Free” Founded by The American Colonization Society Homeland for Freed Black Slaves from the US Independence-1847 Monrovia-Capital City Population: 3.6 million (UNDP 2007) Sixteen Indigenous Tribes  Official Language: English
  5. 5. Historical Facts Founded by The American Colonization Society Homeland for Freed Black Slaves from the US Independence-1847
  6. 6. FOURTEEN YEAR BRUTAL CIVIL WAR Former President Charles G. Taylor
  7. 7. WAR IMAGES
  8. 8. War Images
  9. 9. The Liberian Leader President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
  10. 10. EVOLUTION OF REFORM
  11. 11. ROOT CAUSES OF REFORM American Government reform was largely due to public dissatisfaction with government European Union was mandated to reform due to its Mission and Vision Former Soviet Bloc administrative reform went hand in hand with democratization and political reform Latin America with repeated economic crises the failure of “Primera Generacion” of reforms to achieve economic stability Sub-Saharan Africa democratization of political Administration to achieve Economic Growth and Stability
  12. 12. GLOBAL EXPERIENCE Mexico Brazil Philippines
  13. 13. PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REFORM Survey conducted in 1999 found that during the last two decades: 40% of the World’s 123 countries had one major reform movement 15% had some public management reforms but no national level initiatives 22% of the world’s largest had 2 or more reform movements  Most of the Latin American countries have had one major reform especially with modernization of the state
  14. 14. The Global Government Movement THREE PHASES: 1. 1980’s – Government concentrated on economic liberalization and privatization of state owned enterprises (SOEs, GOCCs) 2. 1990’s- focus on the administrative reform of core state functions and the building of state capacity 3. 2000’s- Response to globalization and technological development and advancement
  15. 15. WHY REFORM IN LIBERIA? FAILED STATE BREAKDOWN OF LAW AND ORDER TRANSITIONAL STATE
  16. 16. Pres. Sirleaf says Civil service is the heart of government business The Civil Service, with its bureaucracy and technical skills and competencies, the President said, is the heart of government business. It is in this context, that the structure, policies, operations and orientation of the civil service should be reformed.
  17. 17. CHALLENGES/CONSTRAINTS Corruption and Accountability strong public administration patronage culture Lack /or Poor Implementation Poverty Harnessing the Private Sector Imperative to train Elected Leaders Populist Culture
  18. 18. Resistance to Change Imperative to Change Elected Leaders Strengthening Institutional Capacities of the Legislature Entrenching Legal and Judicial Reform CHALLENGES/CONSTRAINTS
  19. 19. REFORM MEASURES GOOD GOVERNANCE REFORM AS POLICY STRONG IMPLEMENTATION FIGHT AGAINST RAMPANT CORRUPTION STRENGTHENING OF JUDICIAL SYSTEM DOWNSIZING/RIGHTSIZING OF CIVIL SERVICE LEGISLATION OF LAWS
  20. 20. REFORM AREAS REACTIVATION OF THE CIVIL SERVICE APPORTIONMET OF POWER-THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT INCLUSIVENESS OF THE CSOs IN POLITICAL REALM SUBSTANTATIVE DEVOLUTION OF POWER /RESOURCES TO COUNTIES, DISTRICTS, ETC.
  21. 21. WIDER CEATION OF ENVIRONMENTFOR PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN ECONOMY ENHANCEMENT OF THE JUDICIARY TO BE INDEPENDENT ENACTMENT OF ANTI-CORRUPTION LAW ESTABLISHMENT OF WATCH DOG GROUPS REFORM AREAS
  22. 22. ENFOCEMNT OF ETHICAL AND ACCOUNTABILITY CODES IMPROVED AX ADMINISTRATION REGIME PASSAGE OF TELECOMMUNICATIO ACT PASSAGE OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ACT THE CODE OF CONDUCT LAW AMENDMENT OF THE PENL LAW REFORM AREAS
  23. 23. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE VETERANS BUREAU CREATION OF TH LIBERIA AIRPORT AUTHORITY ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INDEPENDENT HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION DISSOLUTION OF DORMANT SOEs IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BUILD OF TRANSFER (BOT) REFORM AREAS
  24. 24. REMOVAL OF GHOST NAMES FROM GOV’T PAYROLL ESTABLISHMENT OF LAND REFORM COMMISSION INTRODUCTION OF BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM REFORM AREAS
  25. 25. REFORM AREAS RECONSTRUCTING POLITICAL INSTITUIONS REHABILITATING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURES DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL SERVICE REFORM STRATEGY
  26. 26. RESULTS/IMPACTS HIGH ECONOMIC GROWTH PROSECUTION OF CORRUPT OFFICIALS EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE AND LESS CORRUPT BUREAUCRACY INVESTMENT BOOM US MILLENNIUN CHALENGE ACCOUNT
  27. 27. HIGH DEGREE OF ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY FISCAL DISCIPLINE AND MANAGEMENT MULTI-DONOR BUDGET SUPPORT RESULTS/IMPACTS
  28. 28. INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION UN US/ UK SCANDANIVIAN COUNTRIES ECOWAS AU WB AfDB PC
  29. 29. As Obama often says “A New Era of reform” where there will be a progressive mobilization to keep the pressure on and overcome
  30. 30. REFERENCES

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