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Introduction to Literary Criticism


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Introduction to Literary Criticism

  1. 1. o Greeks – 5th Century inaugurated the formal study of literary Criticism o Plato – 427-347 BC morality (rationality) o Aristotle – 384-322 BC Structure (Objectives)
  2. 2. o Horace – 65-8 BC “The best writings teach and delight” o Longinus – 1st Century A.D. First comparative critic o Dante Aligheiri language (vernacular) o Sir Philip Sidney Eclectic in criticism
  3. 3. Literary criticism has probably existed for as long as literature. Later classical and medieval criticism often focused on religious texts, and the several long religious traditions.
  4. 4. Importance of Literary Criticism Evaluation of literary works involves Two kinds of judgment: 1. Assessment of quality and value 2. Assessment of cultural, social, and moral values they display.
  5. 5. Importance of Literary Criticism 1. Appreciation towards a certain literary piece. 2. Understanding reality from fiction 3. Stimulate emotional responses
  6. 6. Approaches of Literary Criticism: 1. The Formalistic Approach 2. Moralistic Approach 3. Psychological Approach 4. Sociological Approach 5. Impressionistic Approach
  7. 7. The Formalistic Approach  Determine meaning  Focus on literary elements 1. plot 2. Characters 3. Setting 4. Structure
  8. 8. Moralistic Approach o Literature viewed to discuss man and its nature o Presents man as essentially rational
  9. 9. Psychological Approach Draws upon psychoanalytic theories to understand more fully the text, the writer and the reader.
  10. 10. Sociological Approach Expression man within a given social situation.
  11. 11. Impressionistic Approach o Elucidate reacting-response o Seek how the piece has communicated
  12. 12. The song is a commentary on the double standards that that often exist between men and women and a story of role reversal. She explores what it would be like if she did all the things he did to her every day.
  13. 13. The woman in the song has been taken for granted but at the same time she doesn't want to let go and lose everything that she once had. It's unclear at the end whether she is final about not taking him back or if there is a note of hope that someday he'll realize what he's been doing to her and become a better man.