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• Prime Minister:
• Government :
• Population (2014 est.)
• Capital and largest city
• Monetary unit: Shekel
• Other large cities:
Tel Aviv-Yafo 3.381
Haifa 1.054 million
Flags and symbols
The blue stripes are intended to symbolize the
stripes on a tallit, the traditional Jewish
prayer shawl. The portrayal of a Star of David
on the flag of the State of Israel is a widely-
acknowledged symbol of the Jewish people and
•The Star of David
the Star of David was never a uniquely Jewish
symbol. The standard name for the geometric shape
is a hexagram or six-pointed star, composed of two
interlocking equilateral triangles.
•The Blue Stripes
-The blue stripes on the Zionist flag were
inspired by the stripes on the tallit (prayer
-Rabbi Meir said that it recalls the color of the
The official language of the State of
• Hebrew, the language of the Bible, and
Hebrew (and Arabic too) is written from
right to left.
The lowest point on earth and one of
the world's most wacky natural
wonders, the Dead Sea is the
mineral-rich and overly salty sea
where no one can sink.
Religion in Israel is a central
feature of the country and
plays a major role in shaping
Israeli culture and lifestyle,
and religion has played a
central role in Israel's history.
THE DOME OF THE ROCK- JESRUSALEM
Bethlehem is home to the Church of the
English Phrases Hebrew Phrases
English Greetings Hebrew Greetings:
Hi! Shalom! שלום
Good morning! Yom tov! / boker tov! יוםטוב / בוקרטוב
Good evening! Erev tov! ערבטוב
Welcome! (to greet someone)
Barukh haba! (Barukh hanimtsa) ברוךהבא
( ברוךהנמצא )
How are you? Ma shelomkha מהשלומך
Do you speak (English/ Hebrew)?
Ata medaber Anglit / ivrit? אתהמדבראנגלית /
Just a little. Meat מעט
What's your name? Ma shimkha? מהשימך ?
My name is ... Hashem sheli ….. השםשלי ....
One, Two, Three Ehad, shenayim, shelosha ,אחד ,שניים שלושה
Four, Five, Six Arbaa, hamisha, shisha ,ארבעה ,חמישה שישה
Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten
Shivea,shemona, tishea, asara ,שבעה ,שמונה
According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, the population in
• 75.4% Jewish
• 20.6% Arab, and
• 4.1% minority groups.
The religious affiliation of the Israeli population as of 2011 was
• 75.4% Jewish,
• 16.9% Muslim,
• 2.1% Christian, and
• 1.7% Druze,
with the remaining
• 4.0% not classified by religion, and a small Baha'i community.
CHURCH OF ST. PETER
Holocaust Remembrance Day
Day of Atonement
Memorial Feast for the Triumph of Esther
There are nine officially recognized Christian communities,
and Jewish, Muslim and Druze communities. Marriages in each community are under
the jurisdiction of their own religious authorities.
However, it is illegal under Penal Law Amendment (Bigamy) Law, 5719 (1959), to
marry in Israel while already married. This applies to members of each confessional
community, including the Jewish and Muslim. However, polygyny is still practiced in
the Bedouin community, where about 25% of men are believed to have more than one
Muslim marriages are conducted in accordance with Islamic law and customs.
Israel, of course, is known in the Bible as the
"land of milk and honey." But for a long time, the
country did not have a recognized culinary heritage.
Thankfully, however, today Israel is widely credited
with a rich and distinctive cuisine - one reflecting
the diversity of Israeli society, but with roots deeply
planted in Jewish and regional customs.
Israeli cuisine --- comprises local dishes
by people native to Israel and dishes
brought to Israel by Jews from
the Diaspora. Since before the
establishment of the State of Israel in
1948, and particularly since the late
1970s, an Israeli Jewish fusion
cuisine has developed.
Serves in Jerusalem restaurant
,Hummus and Israeli salad
Israeli eggplant with
Tichel: The Tichel is a headscarf worn by some
hebrew women in compliance with the code of
"tzniut" (modest attire). The word "Tichel" is
Yiddish for "kerchief." There are lots of styles for
Tichels, from very plain to extremely elaborate
designs and fabrics
TALLIT – PRAYING
The Israeli system of government is
based on parliamentary
democracy. The Prime Minister of
Israel is the head of government and
leader of a multi-party system
Education in Israel refers to the
comprehensive education system of Israel.
Expenditure on education accounts for
only approximately 10% of GDP, and
most schools are subsidized by the state.
The education system consists of three
• primary education (grades 1-6, approx.
• middle school (grades 7-9, approx. ages
• high school (grades 10-12, approx. ages
Most important authors
Amos Klausner (later Oz) was born in Jerusalem in
1939, where he grew up at No. 18 Amos Street in
the Kerem Avraham neighborhood. Oz's work has
been published in 42 languages, including Arabic, in
43 countries. He has received many honours and
awards, among them the Legion of Honor of France,
the Goethe Prize, the Prince of Asturias Award in
Literature, the Heinrich Heine Prize and the Israel
Prize. In 2007, a selection from the Chinese translation
of A Tale of Love and Darkness was the first work of
modern Hebrew literature to appear in an official
(July 17, 1888 – February 17, 1970)was a Nobel
Prize laureate writer and was one of the central
figures of modern Hebrew fiction. In Hebrew, he
is known by the acronym Shai Agnon ( ש"יעגנון).
In English, his works are published under the
name S. Y. Agnon.
In the Heart of the Seas (1933), a short novel
about a group of ten men who travel from Eastern
Europe to Jerusalem.
Yosef Haim Brenner (Hebrew: יוסףחיים
ברנר ,also Yosef Chaim Brenner, 1881–
1921) was a Russian-born Hebrew-
language author and one of the pioneers of
modern Hebrew literature. He was born to
a poor Jewish family in Novi
Mlini, Russian Empire. He studied at
a yeshiva in Pochep, and published his
first story, Pat Lechem ("A Loaf of
Bread") in HaMelitz, a Hebrew language
newspaper, in 1900, followed by a
collection of short stories in 1901. In
Winter (novel), Hashiloah, 1904.
Moshe Smilansky was a pioneer of
the First Aliyah, a Zionist leader who
advocated peaceful coexistence with
the Arabs in Mandatory Palestine, a
farmer, and a prolific author of fiction
and non-fiction literary works.
Smilansky, who considered himself a
disciple of Ahad Ha'am, was an active
Zionist whose cultural output include
many essays and articles, which he has
contributed to Hebrew periodicals
published in Russia and in Germany
sometimes under the pen name "Ben
Hava“. Toledot Ahavah Ahat (1911)
Lea Goldberg was born to a Jewish
Lithuanian family from Kaunas, however her
mother traveled to the nearby German city
of Königsberg (today, Russian Kaliningrad in
order to give birth in better medical conditions.
When asked about her place of birth, Goldberg
often stated Kaunas rather than Königsberg.
was a prolific Hebrew-language poet, author,
playwright, literary translator, and comparative
literary researcher. Her writings are considered
classics of Israeli literature.
In 1946, Goldberg published her first novel, והוא
האור( Hebrew: Vehu ha'or, literally: "And he is
The Parable of the Good Samaritan
There was once a man traveling from Jerusalem to Jericho. On the way
he was attacked by robbers. They stripped him of his clothes and money,
beat him, and left him half dead beside the road. Luckily, a priest
happened to be going down the same road, but when he saw the man
lying there, he crossed to the other side of the road and passed him by.
Next a Temple assistant saw him lying there, and he also passed by on
the other side. Then a Samaritan came along, When he saw the man's
condition, his heart went out to him.
Kneeling beside him, the Samaritan cleaned his wounds and bandaged
them. Then he lifted him onto his donkey and took him to an inn, where
he took care of him.
"Take good care of him “ he said. "If it costs any more, put it on my
bill -- I'll pay you on my way back .“In the morning he took out two
silver coins and gave them to the innkeeper.
Which of these three do you think did what Jesus would have done?
The one who had mercy, of course.
If you want to be like Jesus…
Then do what Jesus did!