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El Filibusterismo


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El Filibusterismo

  1. 1. GROUP 1
  2. 2. Second novel written by Jose Rizal Sequel to Noli Me Tangere Written in Spanish Consists 38 chapters
  3. 3. The Title The Reign of Greed (in English)
  4. 4. Rizal had to define the word filibustero to his German friend, Ferdinand Blumentritt, who did not understand his use of the word in Noli Me Tangere. In a letter, Rizal explained: “The word filibustero is little known in the Philippines. The masses do not know it yet. I heard it for the first time in 1872 when the tragic executions took place. “
  5. 5. “I still remember the panic that this word created. Our father forbade us to utter it, as well as the word Cavite, Burgos, etc. The Manila newspapers and the Spaniards apply this word to one whom they want to make a revolutionary suspect."
  6. 6. “The Filipinos belonging to the educated class fear the reach of the word. It does not have the meaning of freebooters; it rather means a dangerous patriot who will soon be hanged or well, a presumptuous man.”
  7. 7. 5 Characters who are in Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
  8. 8. Crisostomo Ibarra  Spanish Mestizo  Young man who studied in Europe for seven years  Fiance of Maria Clara  Believed in the importance of education to the youth  Has liberal mind  Outspoken  Idealist Simoun  A disguised Crisostomo Ibarra  infamous wealthy jeweler  Referred to as the Brown Cardinal as his influence over the Captain- General is undeniable  A tall, dark man with white hair and a thin black beard  Wears European clothing  Speaks a strange mix of English and South American accents  Poses himself as a supporter of Spanish government when in fact, he is against them  Still in love with Maria Clara  Mission: To get revenge from the injustice he received from the Spanish government through instigating revolution
  9. 9. Basilio  oldest son of Sisa  A 10-year old boy  Has a brother named Crispin  one of the young sacristans of San Diego  Protective of both his mother and brother  Despises his father immensely for making their life miserable Basilio  A 23-year old medical student  Taken in by Kapitan Tiago  Was able to study in San Juan de Letran  Wears an all black outfit  Respectable  Persevering and studious  Introspective  Calm and composed
  10. 10.  a short, fat man with clear complexion  looks young  chewing of tobacco and buyo are his vices  one of the affluent landlords of Binondo  owns businesses (e.g. opium monopoly)  considers himself one of the Spaniards and never one from the natives  Adopted and sent Basilio to school  Wallows in loneliness due to the loss of his daughter, Maria Clara, who entered the convent  Gambler  Got addicted to opium Kapitan Tiago
  11. 11.  replaced Padre Damaso as San Diego’s parish priest  described as having poor health, sickly  secretly pining for Maria Clara  planned the structure of the school which nearly cost the life of Ibarra  still the slender, unhappy friar  manages the convent of Sta. Clara  sent a letter containing the story of the death of Maria Clara Padre Salvi
  12. 12.  a young, good looking and graceful Dominican priest with an air of maturity  curate of Binondo  former professor at Colegio de San Juan de Letran  has thin, refined lips that would plainly show disdain when needed  weighs his words and speaks little  good in resolving different views  often cool and intelligent  nothing much changed in his personality  became rector of the University of Santo Tomas Padre Sibyla
  13. 13. Why Crisostomo Ibarra came back to San Diego and changed his name to rescue his sweetheart, Maria Clara, from the nunnery  to instigate a revolution as a way of exacting revenge and righting the wrongs of the Spaniards
  14. 14. Main Theme ideal means of achieving social reform
  15. 15. A romantic novel A book of the heart A book of feeling It has freshness, color, humor and intelligence Contains 64 chapters A political novel A work of the head A book of thought It has bitterness, hatred, pain, violence, and sorrow Contains 38 chapters Noli and El Fili compared
  16. 16. Reason why change the plot and theme
  17. 17. Reason why change the plot and theme  El Filibusterismo was written about four years after Noli Me Tangere. In it, Rizal reveals a more mature and less hopeful outlook regarding the political and social situation in the Philippines.  The frustrations he had experienced in his efforts toward social reform in those years account for the book's graver tone.
  18. 18. Rizal himself considered El Filibusterismo to be a better, more profound novel than Noli Me Tangere. His biographer, Retana, agrees that as a political novel, it is superior.
  19. 19. Upon completing El Filibusterismo Rizal wrote to Blumentritt: "I have not written in it any idea of vengeance against my enemies, but only for the good of those who suffer, for the rights of Tagalogs...."
  20. 20. El Filibusterismo serves as an inspiration to the Filipino people. It brings a profound effect on Philippine society in terms of views about national identity, the Catholic faith and its influence on Filipino's choice, and the government's issues of corruption, abuse, and discrimination, and on a larger scale, the issues related to the effect of colonization on people's lives and the cause for independence. The book awakened the Filipinos in the past and is still awakening the Filipinos of today, to fight for what we believe is right. We may not be the victor always in every battle but the most important is, we continue to fight until our very last breath, just like Rizal.
  21. 21. THE END