THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>VISIONS </li></ul><ul><li>REALITIES </l...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>ACT LOCALLY AS EUROPEAN CITIZEN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEARNING AS CO...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>LEARN LOCALLY > RETRIEVE GLOBALLY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CLASSROOM AT...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>THE POLICY MANDATE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EUROPEAN STRATEGIES </li></...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU PRIORITIES AND KEY CHALLENGES  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 YEAR PRIO...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION &TRAINI...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION &TRAINI...
11 THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
13 THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
18 THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION &TRAINI...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><ul><li>TEACHERS’ ICT SKILLS FRAMEWORK </li></ul></ul><ul><li>   </li></...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF RESEARCH AND DEVE...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>SOME DATA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INVESTMENT IN ICT RESEARCH </li></ul...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF GROWTH PERFORMANC...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 1 – 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MACROECONOMIC POLICIES F...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 1 – 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MICROECONOMIC REFORMS TO...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 2 - 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEW EMPLOYMENT GUIDELINE...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 2 – 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A NEW SET OF  8  EMPLOYM...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU SUCCESS STORIES 1 - EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RESOLUTION ON ...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU SUCCESS STORIES 2 – EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E LEARNING INI...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>A SERIES OF STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>A MULTITUDE OF VISIONS </li...
THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><ul><li>THANKS FOR LISTENING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I WISH A SUCCESS...
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The Challenge of Learning in the 21st Century: Strategies, Visions and Realities in a Global Policy Context

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Werner Hermann
EDEN Annual Conference, 2005, Helsinki

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  • More investment in education and training in particular at upper and post-secondary level helps to stay ahead of our competitors. A benchmark of expenditure on upper and post-secondary education and training institutions between 1.5% and 2% of GDP might be considered. However, economic growth will not be fostered significantly if investment is restricted to elite groups. Raising general literacy levels and basic skills - also by VET - yields large economic gains. Therefore, investing in programmes targeted on those with low literacy skills is worthwhile, not only on equity grounds but also from an economic point of view.
  • In particular because of the high skill levels of the new Member States the EU on average is likely to achieve the Council benchmark of 85%. At present, a proportion of 77% has been reached on EU average. Most countries have upskilled their young people considerably. However, there are some countries - e.g. Denmark and Germany - where attainment rates have decreased since 1995.
  • Within a common European qualification reference framework sectoral efforts should focus on ensuring transparency and inter-sector mobility. With such a framework, sector initiatives can make a significant contribution to the Europeanisation of VET. The framework has the potential to become a common template, connecting national systems and enabling horizontal and vertical cross-sector initiatives to be compatible. If all measures of this framework are implemented, and if all actors are aware of the benefits of learning and training and increase their investments, to achieve the Council benchmark of 12% of adults to participate in lifelong learning by 2010 is not completely unrealistic.
  • The Challenge of Learning in the 21st Century: Strategies, Visions and Realities in a Global Policy Context

    1. 1. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>VISIONS </li></ul><ul><li>REALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>IN A </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBAL POLICY CONTEXT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WERNER P. HERRMANN </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>ACT LOCALLY AS EUROPEAN CITIZEN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEARNING AS COMMUNITY CITIZEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIVING AS FAMILY MEMBER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WORKING AS EMPLOYEE FROM LOCAL TO INTERNATIONAL FIRMS OR ADMINISTRATIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>THINK GLOBALLY AS LOCAL CITIZEN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEARNING AS UBIQUITIOUS CITIZEN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LEARNING WITHOUT BORDERS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LEARNING IN A WORLD OF CHANGE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>LEARN LOCALLY > RETRIEVE GLOBALLY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CLASSROOM AT SCHOOL, TRAINING CENTRE, UNIVERSITY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AT HOME, IN LABORATORIES, AT THE WORK PLACE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WITH FRIENDS, COLLEAGUES, INTEREST GROUPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>COMPARE GLOBALLY > TRANSFER LOCALLY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SURVEYS, STUDIES, BENCHMARKS, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NATIONWIDE, EUROPEANWIDE, WORLDWIDE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REFERENCE LEVELS OF ALL KIND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>THE POLICY MANDATE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EUROPEAN STRATEGIES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EU TO BECOME THE MOST COMPETITIVE AND DYNAMIC KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY IN THE WORLD, CAPABLE OF SUSTAINABLE GROWTH WITH MORE AND BETTER JOBS AND GREATER SOCIAL COHESION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN THE EU SHOULD BECOME A WORLD QUALITY REFERENCE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ENHANCED EUROPEAN COOPERATION IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: EUROPEAN COUNCILS HELD IN LISBON (2000), BARCELONA (2001) AND COUNCIL RESOLUTION OF COPENHAGEN (2002) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU PRIORITIES AND KEY CHALLENGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 YEAR PRIORITIES FOR E&T SYSTEMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STRENGHTEN EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE INVESTMENTS IN HUMAN RESOURCES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FOSTER TRANSPARENCY, RECOGNITION AND QUALITY ASSRANCE OF QUALIFICATIONS ACROSS THE EU </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EMPHASIZE BASIC SKILLS, LANGUAGES, DIGITAL LITERACY AND LIFELONG LEARNING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: European Commission 2004 </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION &TRAINING SYSTEMS UNTIL 2010 – FOCUS EDUCATION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REDUCE EARLY SCHOOL LEAVERS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INCREASE GRADUATES IN MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMPLETION OF UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DECREASE LOW-ACHIEVING YOUTH IN READING LITERACY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HIGHER PARTICIPATION IN LIFELONG LEARNING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INCREASE IN INVESTMENT IN HUMAN RESOURCES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: European Commission 2004 </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
    8. 8. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
    9. 9. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
    10. 10. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION &TRAINING SYSTEMS UNTIL 2010 – FOCUS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TACKLING THE LARGE NUMBER OF LOW-SKILLED PEOPLE – ABOUT 80 MILLION EUROPEAN CITIZENS ARE LOW SKILLED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INTEGRATE INACTIVE POPULATION INTO JOBS IN THE LABOUR MARKET– ABOUT 33 MILLION UNEMPLOYED AND HIDDEN LABOUR FORCE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PROMOTE CVET AS THE WEAKEST PART OF LIFELONG LEARNING – LESS THAN 10% OF WORKSFORCE UP TO NOW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INCREASE MOBILITY TO DEVELOP A EUROPEAN LABOUR MARKET – LESS THAN 4% OF WORKFORCE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ENSURE HIGHLY SKILLED VET PROFESSIONALS – HUGE POTENTIALS FOR JOB CREATION AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES – 1,5 MIO JOBS CREATED IN EUROPE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: LISBON-COPENHAGEN-MAASTRICHT STUDY 2004 </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. 11 THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
    12. 12. 13 THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
    13. 13. 18 THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY
    14. 14. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION &TRAINING UNTIL 2010 – FOCUS ON TECHNOLOGY SUPPORTED LEARNING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STRENGTHEN ICT INCLUDING ALL TYPES OF MULTI-MEDIA AS DRIVER FOR OPENING NEW WINDOWS OF LEARNING OPPORTUNITES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OPEN ACCESS AND ENSURE AFFORDABILITY TO ALL CITIZENS THROUGHOUT LIFE AND WORK </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FOCUS STRONGER ON CONTENT RATHER THAN TECHNOLOGY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ENHANCE QUALITY OF E LEARNING THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE LEARNING PROCESS – LEARNING INPUT, ORGANISASTION, OUTPUT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INCREASE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE OF TEACHERS AND TRAINERS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: AUTHORS ANALYSIS 2005 </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><ul><li>TEACHERS’ ICT SKILLS FRAMEWORK </li></ul></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INNOVATION IN ICT FOR LEARNING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: EUROPEAN EDUCATION PARTNERSHIP 2005 </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT UNTIL 2010 – FOCUS ON SOCIO_ECONOMIC SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES IN FP7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES TO BE REACHED IN 5 RESEARCH AREAS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GROWTH, EMPLOYMENT AND COMPETITIVENESS IN A KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMBINING ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL OBJECTIVES IN A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MAJOT TRENDS IN SOCIETY AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EUROPE IN THE WORLD </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THE CITIZEN IN THE EUROPEAN UNION </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: COMMISSION PROPOSAL FOR FP7 ON 6 APRIL 2005 </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>SOME DATA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INVESTMENT IN ICT RESEARCH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT R&D EU15 US JAPAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRIVATE SECTOR 23 B € 83 B € 40 B € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PUBLIC SECTOR 8 B € 20 B € 11 B € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INHABITANTS 383 M 296 M 127 M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INVESTMENTS/INH. 80 € 350 € 400 € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT R&D AS TOT R&D 18 % 34 % 35 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>====================================== </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: IDATE (FOR EU 15); OECD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– quoted in «i2010 – A European Information Society for growth and employment » COM(2005)229 final, Brussels 31.05.2005 </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT OF GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND JOB CREATION - FOCUS ON MACROECONOMIC, MICROECONOMIC AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PARTNERSHIP FOR GROWTH AND JOBS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: INTEGRATED GUIDELINES FOR GROWTH AND JOBS (2008-2008) COM(2005)141, 12/04/2005 </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 1 – 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MACROECONOMIC POLICIES FOR GROWTH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SECURE ECONOMIC STABILITY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SAFEGUARD ECONOMIC SUSTAINIBILITY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PROMOTE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: INTEGRATED GUIDELINES FOR GROWTH AND JOBS (2008-2008) COM(2005)141, 12/04/2005 </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 1 – 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MICROECONOMIC REFORMS TO RAISE THE EU’s GROWTH POTENTIAL – SPUR KNOWLEDGE INTO GROWTH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INCREASE AND IMPROVE EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON R&D </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ATTRACT MORE STUDENTS INTO SCIENTIFIC? TECHNICAL AND ENGINEERING DISCIPLINES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DEVELOP AND APPLY ENVIRONMENT- FRIENDLY TECHNOLGIES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMMIT TO THE SETTING UP OF JOINT EUROPEAN TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: INTEGRATED GUIDELINES FOR GROWTH AND JOBS (2008-2008) COM(2005)141, 12/04/2005 </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 2 - 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEW EMPLOYMENT GUIDELINES FOR MORE AND BETTER JOBS – FOLLOWING THE KEY RECOMMENDATIONS OF WIM KOK’s EMPLOYMENT TASKFORCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ATTRACT AND RETAIN MORE PEOPLE IN EMPLOYMENT AND MODERNISE SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IMPROVE ADAPTABILITY OF WORKERS AND ENTERPRISES AND THE FLEXIBILITY OF LABOUR MARKETS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INCREASE INVESTMENT IN HUMAN CAPITAL THROUGH BETTER EDUCATION AND SKILLS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: INTEGRATED GUIDELINES FOR GROWTH AND JOBS (2008-2008) COM(2005)141, 12/04/2005 </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU STRATEGY 5 – 2 – 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A NEW SET OF 8 EMPLOYMENT GUIDELINES ADVOCATING A « LIFECYCLE APPROACH TO WORK » </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EMPLOYMENT POLICIES SCHOULD AIM AT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ACHIEVE FULL EMPLOYMENT, IMPROVING QUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY AT WORK, STRENGTHENING SOCIAL AND TERRITORIAL COHESION </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PROMOTE A LIFECYCLE APPROACH TO WORK </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ENSURE INCLUSIVE LABOUR MARKETS FOR JOB-SEEKERS AND DISADVANTED PEOPLE </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PROMOTE FLEXIBILITY COMBINED WITH EMPLOYMENT SECURITY AND REDUCE LABOUR MARKET SEGMENTATION </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ENSURE EMPLOYMENT-FRIENDLY WAGE AND OTHER LABOUR COST DEVELOPMENTS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXPAND AND IMPROVE INVESTMENT IN HUMAN CAPITAL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ADAPT EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS IN RESPONSE TO NEW COMPETENCE REQUIREMENTS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: INTEGRATED GUIDELINES FOR GROWTH AND JOBS (2008-2008) COM(2005)141, 12/04/2005 </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU SUCCESS STORIES 1 - EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RESOLUTION ON LIFELONG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GUIDANCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONCLUSIONS ON </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>QUALITY ASSURANCE IN VET </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IDENTIFICATION AND VALIDATION OF NON-FORMAL AND INFORMAL LEARNING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DECISION ON EUROPASS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOURCE: DOCUMENTATION RETAINED IN VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES MANAGED BY CEDEFOP <<< </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>EU SUCCESS STORIES 2 – EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E LEARNING INITIATIVE, ACTION PLAN, PROGRAMMES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>QUALITY IN E LEARNING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMMES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SOCRATES, LEONARDO DA VINCI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUND </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMMUNITY INITIATIVES </li></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 25. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><li>A SERIES OF STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>A MULTITUDE OF VISIONS </li></ul><ul><li>A ENCOURAGING REALITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NO REASON FOR A PESSIMISTIC VIEW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MORE REASONS FOR ACTING ALL TOGETHER </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. THE CHALLENGE OF LEARNING IN THE 21st CENTURY <ul><ul><li>THANKS FOR LISTENING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I WISH A SUCCESSFUL CONTINUATION OF THIS CHALLENGING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONFERENCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WERNER P HERRMANN </li></ul></ul>

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