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Mobile Innovations and <br />Evolution in the Education Ecosystem<br />Paul Kim<br />Chief Technology Officer <br />Assist...
	All living things evolve...<br />   So do thoughts, values, practices, organizations, etc. Therefore, evolution is everyw...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/alfredoliverani-stamps/4174269905/sizes/z/in/photostream/<br />	Darwin (1859) proposed the id...
Natural Selection<br />New change is introduced to the ecosystem. <br />Predator is part of the ecosystem and it is certai...
Artificial Selection Interactions and Influences<br />Natural selection => Responsive or reactive<br />Artificial selectio...
	A business or industry, as a living organism, often must evolve (i.e., to overcome or even leverage changes) in order to ...
Let’s look at some evolution examples from the industries.<br />
Evolving at a slower clock speed<br />Boeing 747-100<br />1969<br />Take off…<br />Land…<br />The same way<br />No faster<...
1981<br />Call<br />Text message<br />Take photo<br />Edit video<br />Browse<br />Mobinar<br />Do whatever<br />Value prio...
What can we learn?<br />If the external evolution rate exceeds the internal evolution rate, extinction is eminent.<br />Ad...
Education Ecosystem<br />New species <br />
MYSPACE for Grand Canyon University - From “almost closing down status” in 2001. (1949-2003 / 2004-2010)<br />Making it th...
Founded in 1996<br />Completely online. Started as non-profit and received accreditation in 2003.<br />9000 students. 95% ...
Where are all the traditional university features?<br />
Commoncharacteristics of emerging universities<br /><ul><li>Convenient access (FlexNet, ALL-LINE)
21st Century ERP system</li></ul>(Tightly measure all performance indicators. CRM - every interaction matters.)<br /><ul><...
Cloud services (Plug-n-Play) – buildings,  online library DB, admission, writing support center, IT support, everything th...
Dynamically meeting the market needs</li></li></ul><li>DIY U: Edupunks, Edupreneurs and the Coming Transformation of Highe...
What’s for sure?<br />	Although the clock speed is still slow, more artificial selections to be made in the education ecos...
	Another interesting phenomenon in the education ecosystem.<br />
http://twulibrarynews.blogspot.com/2007_05_01_archive.html /http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-5032663-exam-bubble-she...
http://studenthacks.org/category/study-help/<br />
http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2009/04/iphonestanford/<br />
Student Generated Inquiries inMobiSocialLearning Environment<br />
Mobile Technology for<br />	Innovative, Inclusive, Integrative, & International <br />Education Ecosystem.<br />
POMI 2020Programmable Open Mobile Internet <br />The Stanford Clean Slate Programhttp://cleanslate.stanford.edu<br />
33<br />Stanford Faculty Team<br />Education<br />Applications<br />Paul Kim<br />HCI<br />Scott Klemmer<br />Security<br ...
Global Partnership<br />CETYS Universidad, Mexico<br />Last Alliance<br />Strike The Mouse<br />
Migrant indigenous children from Oaxaca mountain regions<br />
PocketSchool for those who have no access to school<br />StoryReader coupled with paper stories!<br />
Do you believe sesame street was helpful for children to learn? <br />How about mobile sesame street? More important matte...
Pocket school: Exploring mobile technology as a sustainable literacy education option for underserved children in Latin Am...
Socioeconomic Strata, Mobile Technology, & Education: A comparative Analysis. <br />Educational Technology Research & Deve...
Global Partnership<br />Universidad Technologia, El Salvador<br />
Global Partnership<br />Universidad Technologia, El Salvador<br />MrsErlindaHándal Vega<br />Vice Minister of Science & Te...
Global Partnership<br />BIRZEIT University, Palestine<br />
No computer no Internet No Library<br />Extremely underserved school <br />2hr/day electricity.<br />ardto receive externa...
Mrs. Lamis Al-Alami<br />Minister of Education<br />
Digital storytelling among Israeli and Palestinian Children in the Era of Mobile Innovation. (To appear in Educational Med...
Global Partnership<br />Tumba College of Technology, Rwanda<br />Civic engagement, Genocide victims with HIV/AIDS/ Micro-b...
49<br />Raising HIV Awareness<br />Counter the mis-conception<br />Competition game based<br />Learning HIV/AIDS & Track<b...
50<br />
51<br />
Content Management and  Tracking System<br />52<br />
53<br />
PocketSchool<br />Do you remember why pocket-size mobile technology is different from desktop or even notebook computers?<...
Portability<br />Less electricity consumption<br />Ease of implementation<br />Ease of maintenance<br />Performance tracki...
Contextualized innovation  vs. Reverse innovation - Much more energy efficient device. Alternative energy option for devel...
Value-centeredEducation Ecosystem<br />Service Learning Model<br />Relevant and Meaningful Experiences for everyone<br />G...
Mobile technology makes a bottom up approach actually possible.<br />Easier to implement in a much shorter time.<br />Leve...
Really?<br />For all?<br />At least we are trying our best…<br />
Alberto in a rural village school in <br />Baja California, Mexico<br />“I want to study with the <br />mobile computer, t...
From device recognition to problem solving through collaborations.<br />Response tracking log<br />
63<br />
`<br />64<br />
ROSE Series – specifically covering scientific phenomena <br />linked to climate change, alternative energy, and natural d...
Last-mile education solution<br />PSILAN<br />on a Plug computer<br />Competition games<br />Mobile learning assessment<br...
69<br />Night time off-peak hours<br />Day time peak hours<br />
70<br />
71<br />
Remotely Operated Science Experiment - A new approach to supplement real-time collaboration and online learning. (Forth co...
Exploration of a Self-Directed Mobile Learning Model for the Extremely Underserved Communities. (International Journal of ...
What have I learned about sustainability?<br />
21st Century Value-Centered Education Ecosystem<br />ANSWERS “WHY?”<br />Shared peace & prosperity, mental & physical well...
	The Future is Here; It's Just Not Widely Distributed, Yet. <br />- William Gibson<br />	The Future is Not Widely Distribu...
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Mobile Innovations and Evolutions in Education Ecosystem

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Paul Kim
EDEN Annual Conference 2011, Dublin

Published in: Education, Technology
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Mobile Innovations and Evolutions in Education Ecosystem

  1. 1. Mobile Innovations and <br />Evolution in the Education Ecosystem<br />Paul Kim<br />Chief Technology Officer <br />Assistant Dean<br />Stanford University<br />School of Education<br />phkim@stanford.edu<br />
  2. 2. All living things evolve...<br /> So do thoughts, values, practices, organizations, etc. Therefore, evolution is everywhere around us. <br /> Let’s study some basic terms first.<br />
  3. 3. http://www.flickr.com/photos/alfredoliverani-stamps/4174269905/sizes/z/in/photostream/<br /> Darwin (1859) proposed the idea that organisms adapt and evolve through natural selection, creating particular ecological niches and eventually resulting in the emergence of new species. <br />
  4. 4. Natural Selection<br />New change is introduced to the ecosystem. <br />Predator is part of the ecosystem and it is certainly part of the environment the species interact with.<br />No change means extinction. Better species = More competitive service, product, delivery, etc.<br />http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article//evo_39<br />
  5. 5. Artificial Selection Interactions and Influences<br />Natural selection => Responsive or reactive<br />Artificial selection processes within <br />organizations, models, etc. = Initiative or proactive<br />Try out and see what works better or becomes better; <br />Identify best practices and eliminate <br />bad features or procedures; keep what work best; <br />and scale up your model.<br />You cannot expect a change if you just think <br />about it and never try.<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a7/Cornselection.jpg<br />
  6. 6. A business or industry, as a living organism, often must evolve (i.e., to overcome or even leverage changes) in order to seek higher efficiencies and ensure itslong-term sustainability (Kim, 2010).<br />
  7. 7. Let’s look at some evolution examples from the industries.<br />
  8. 8. Evolving at a slower clock speed<br />Boeing 747-100<br />1969<br />Take off…<br />Land…<br />The same way<br />No faster<br />Boeing 747-200<br />1976<br />Boeing 747-400<br />1989<br />Value priority<br />Ticket Price <br />Operation Cost<br />Profitable Routes<br />Boeing 777-300<br />1994<br />
  9. 9. 1981<br />Call<br />Text message<br />Take photo<br />Edit video<br />Browse<br />Mobinar<br />Do whatever<br />Value priority<br />Expansion and Quality <br />of User Experience<br />When ICT is the main driver of evolution = faster clock speed<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13. What can we learn?<br />If the external evolution rate exceeds the internal evolution rate, extinction is eminent.<br />Adapt to the changing rules of the game. Or die out.<br />We know it, but the knowing and doing gap abounds.<br />Many organizations are not good at evolving because they are busy putting out daily fires.<br />Organizational change requires organizational cohesion through value alignment.<br />Everyone is appreciating the same value.)<br />
  14. 14. Education Ecosystem<br />New species <br />
  15. 15. MYSPACE for Grand Canyon University - From “almost closing down status” in 2001. (1949-2003 / 2004-2010)<br />Making it the first for-profit Christian college in the United States. IPO NASDAQ in 2008. As of Dec. 2009: 37,000. <br />Major genetic mutation occurred in 2003: non-profit to for-profit. Hybrid: on-ground and online. Joined the major league http://finance.yahoo.com/<br />
  16. 16. Founded in 1996<br />Completely online. Started as non-profit and received accreditation in 2003.<br />9000 students. 95% advanced degree seeking students. One 3-story building in the middle of desert in Arizona.<br />Going for organic growth.<br />
  17. 17. Where are all the traditional university features?<br />
  18. 18. Commoncharacteristics of emerging universities<br /><ul><li>Convenient access (FlexNet, ALL-LINE)
  19. 19. 21st Century ERP system</li></ul>(Tightly measure all performance indicators. CRM - every interaction matters.)<br /><ul><li>Unbundled faculty roles
  20. 20. Cloud services (Plug-n-Play) – buildings, online library DB, admission, writing support center, IT support, everything that are not core competencies / Faculty contract by course – highly disintegrated model
  21. 21. Dynamically meeting the market needs</li></li></ul><li>DIY U: Edupunks, Edupreneurs and the Coming Transformation of Higher Education<br />It’s a story about the communities of visionaries who are using new technologies to bring us a revolution in higher learning that is affordable, accessible, and learner-centered.<br />
  22. 22. What’s for sure?<br /> Although the clock speed is still slow, more artificial selections to be made in the education ecosystem.<br />
  23. 23. Another interesting phenomenon in the education ecosystem.<br />
  24. 24. http://twulibrarynews.blogspot.com/2007_05_01_archive.html /http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-5032663-exam-bubble-sheet-with-pencil.php<br />http://ismartboard.com/<br />
  25. 25. http://studenthacks.org/category/study-help/<br />
  26. 26. http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2009/04/iphonestanford/<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30. Student Generated Inquiries inMobiSocialLearning Environment<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33. Mobile Technology for<br /> Innovative, Inclusive, Integrative, & International <br />Education Ecosystem.<br />
  34. 34. POMI 2020Programmable Open Mobile Internet <br />The Stanford Clean Slate Programhttp://cleanslate.stanford.edu<br />
  35. 35. 33<br />Stanford Faculty Team<br />Education<br />Applications<br />Paul Kim<br />HCI<br />Scott Klemmer<br />Security<br />Dan Boneh<br />John Mitchell<br />Languages<br />Monica Lam<br />Distributed Systems<br />David Mazieres<br />Phil Levis<br />OS<br />Mendel Rosenblum<br />Architecture<br />Christos Kozyrakis<br />Economics<br />Ramesh Johari<br />Guru Parulkar<br />Nick McKeown<br />Networking<br />Fouad Tobagi<br />Andrea Goldsmith<br />Radio<br />Arogyaswami Paulraj<br />
  36. 36. Global Partnership<br />CETYS Universidad, Mexico<br />Last Alliance<br />Strike The Mouse<br />
  37. 37. Migrant indigenous children from Oaxaca mountain regions<br />
  38. 38. PocketSchool for those who have no access to school<br />StoryReader coupled with paper stories!<br />
  39. 39. Do you believe sesame street was helpful for children to learn? <br />How about mobile sesame street? More important matter is that smartphones of today are going to be much better than just mobile sesame street.<br />Never owned a book in his life.<br />
  40. 40. Pocket school: Exploring mobile technology as a sustainable literacy education option for underserved children in Latin America. International Journal of Educational Development. 28(4), pp. 435-445.<br />An action research for the development of mobile learning system for the underserved. <br />Educational Technology Research & Development. 57(3), pp. 415-435.<br />
  41. 41. Socioeconomic Strata, Mobile Technology, & Education: A comparative Analysis. <br />Educational Technology Research & Development (DOI: 10.1007/s11423-010-9172-3.<br />
  42. 42. Global Partnership<br />Universidad Technologia, El Salvador<br />
  43. 43. Global Partnership<br />Universidad Technologia, El Salvador<br />MrsErlindaHándal Vega<br />Vice Minister of Science & Technology<br />
  44. 44. Global Partnership<br />BIRZEIT University, Palestine<br />
  45. 45. No computer no Internet No Library<br />Extremely underserved school <br />2hr/day electricity.<br />ardto receive external aids<br />
  46. 46.
  47. 47.
  48. 48. Mrs. Lamis Al-Alami<br />Minister of Education<br />
  49. 49. Digital storytelling among Israeli and Palestinian Children in the Era of Mobile Innovation. (To appear in Educational Media and Technology Yearbook, Volume 36.)<br />Creativity Gap in the Global Era: Using Mobile Devices to Assess and Develop Critical Thinking Skills Among Palestinian Youth. (Forth coming).<br />
  50. 50. Global Partnership<br />Tumba College of Technology, Rwanda<br />Civic engagement, Genocide victims with HIV/AIDS/ Micro-business-based women empowerment / Entrepreneurship & Mobile Storytelling<br />Dr. Gatare<br />Minister of ICT<br />
  51. 51. 49<br />Raising HIV Awareness<br />Counter the mis-conception<br />Competition game based<br />Learning HIV/AIDS & Track<br />Learning entrepreneurship<br />49<br />
  52. 52. 50<br />
  53. 53. 51<br />
  54. 54. Content Management and Tracking System<br />52<br />
  55. 55. 53<br />
  56. 56. PocketSchool<br />Do you remember why pocket-size mobile technology is different from desktop or even notebook computers?<br />
  57. 57. Portability<br />Less electricity consumption<br />Ease of implementation<br />Ease of maintenance<br />Performance tracking<br />Individualized intervention<br />The list goes on…<br />
  58. 58. Contextualized innovation vs. Reverse innovation - Much more energy efficient device. Alternative energy option for developing countries is green ideas for developed countries. Must be game-based/ activity-based in developing countries.<br />
  59. 59.
  60. 60. Value-centeredEducation Ecosystem<br />Service Learning Model<br />Relevant and Meaningful Experiences for everyone<br />Global Partnership for Global Causes<br />Sustainable Education Ecosystem<br />
  61. 61. Mobile technology makes a bottom up approach actually possible.<br />Easier to implement in a much shorter time.<br />Leverage widely available cellular networks.<br />Equalize access to educational development opportunities for all.<br />Strategic value alignment to cause evolution in the education ecosystem (University students + Faculty + Children + Real world problems )<br />
  62. 62. Really?<br />For all?<br />At least we are trying our best…<br />
  63. 63. Alberto in a rural village school in <br />Baja California, Mexico<br />“I want to study with the <br />mobile computer, too!”<br />Mobile Exam and Audio Games for <br />the blind. (Dominican Republic)<br />We always look for partners!<br />
  64. 64. From device recognition to problem solving through collaborations.<br />Response tracking log<br />
  65. 65. 63<br />
  66. 66. `<br />64<br />
  67. 67.
  68. 68.
  69. 69. ROSE Series – specifically covering scientific phenomena <br />linked to climate change, alternative energy, and natural disasters.<br />
  70. 70. Last-mile education solution<br />PSILAN<br />on a Plug computer<br />Competition games<br />Mobile learning assessment<br />68<br />
  71. 71. 69<br />Night time off-peak hours<br />Day time peak hours<br />
  72. 72. 70<br />
  73. 73. 71<br />
  74. 74. Remotely Operated Science Experiment - A new approach to supplement real-time collaboration and online learning. (Forth coming).<br />Stanford Mobile Inquiry-based Learning Environment (SMILE): using mobile phones to promote student inquires in the elementary classroom. (To appear in the Proceedings of World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Applied Computing. July, 2011)<br />
  75. 75. Exploration of a Self-Directed Mobile Learning Model for the Extremely Underserved Communities. (International Journal of Educational Development. 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2011.05.008).<br />PocketSchool Interactive Learning Ad-hoc Network and HIV/AIDS Education in the Developing Region. (Forth coming).<br />
  76. 76. What have I learned about sustainability?<br />
  77. 77. 21st Century Value-Centered Education Ecosystem<br />ANSWERS “WHY?”<br />Shared peace & prosperity, mental & physical wellbeing, unity (Afghan refugee, Uganda refugee, Nomadic Indian tribes, HIV/AIDS victims of the genocide, children in Qalqylya, Palestine, students with disabilities, Ashram Ghandi, etc.<br />MOTIVATE CONSTITUENCIES <br />IGNITE PASSION<br />VALUE<br />NURTURE<br />CATALYZE<br />APPLICABLE<br />PEDAGOGY<br />CONTENT<br />CONTEXTUALIZED<br />ENABLING AGENT<br />TECHNOLOGY<br />NEW POSSIBILITIES<br />Must continue to evolve<br />VCEE<br />
  78. 78. The Future is Here; It's Just Not Widely Distributed, Yet. <br />- William Gibson<br /> The Future is Not Widely Distributed. Therefore, It is Not Here, Yet. <br />- Paul Kim<br />
  79. 79. Evolution never stops. Life is just a dash.<br />What will you cause in your life?<br />
  80. 80. Let’s remember Dr. Kim Foreman, Professor of Education, San Francisco State University,<br />who died on a jungle road while striving to educate and empower future leaders of Rwanda<br />

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