Distance Education in North America Entering the Mainstream
How the Web is Changing Distance Education <ul><li>Increasing Access to Specialized Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing ...
Beyond Access: Transformation <ul><li>1892 -- Industrial Revolution as Driver </li></ul><ul><li>2006 -- Information Revolu...
A Comparison <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1892 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Information...
Growth in Online Education <ul><li>18.2% annual growth in enrollments in 2004-05. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of online enrol...
Evidence of Mainstreaming <ul><li>65% of schools offering graduate F-2-F courses also offer graduate courses online. </li>...
Evidence of Mainstreaming <ul><li>65% of i institutions mainly use core faculty to teach their online courses compared to ...
Evidence of Mainstreaming <ul><li>Institutions that identify online education as a critical long-term strategy grew from 4...
Emerging Social and Institutional Benefits <ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ability to Aggregate Learning Communit...
The New Pedagogy <ul><li>Focus on Inquiry and Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Resource-Focused Rather than Content Focus...
Online Learning  for Workforce Education <ul><li>Workforce Development a Critical Social Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift...
Trends in Online Learning  for Workforce Development <ul><li>General Emphasis on Adult, Part-Time Learners </li></ul><ul><...
Some General Trends to Watch <ul><li>Blended Degree Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-Inst...
Thank You! <ul><ul><ul><li>Gary E. Miller </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Associate Vice President for Outreach </li><...
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Distance Education in North America: A New Mainstream

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Gary Miller
EDEN Annual Conference, 2006, Vienna

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Distance Education in North America: A New Mainstream

  1. 1. Distance Education in North America Entering the Mainstream
  2. 2. How the Web is Changing Distance Education <ul><li>Increasing Access to Specialized Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Institutional Diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Points of Institutional Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Institutional Community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offering a New Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Creating New Institutional Models </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming Distance Education </li></ul>
  3. 3. Beyond Access: Transformation <ul><li>1892 -- Industrial Revolution as Driver </li></ul><ul><li>2006 -- Information Revolution as Driver </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Comparison <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1892 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Information Highway: RFD </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial and Agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Education </li></ul><ul><li>New Institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Grant Colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normal Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2006 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Information Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Information Highway: WWW </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Networked Society </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Education </li></ul><ul><li>Communities of Interest </li></ul><ul><li>New Institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For-Profit Companies </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Growth in Online Education <ul><li>18.2% annual growth in enrollments in 2004-05. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of online enrollment increased from 1.98 million in 2003 to 2.35 million in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>The online enrollment growth rate is more than ten times that projected by the National Center for Education Statistics for the general postsecondary student population. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growing by Degrees, Sloan Consortium, 2006 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Evidence of Mainstreaming <ul><li>65% of schools offering graduate F-2-F courses also offer graduate courses online. </li></ul><ul><li>63% of schools offering undergraduate F-2-F courses also offer undergraduate courses online. </li></ul><ul><li>44% of schools offering F-2-F Master’s degree programs also offer Master’s programs online. </li></ul><ul><li>43% of schools offering F-2-F Business degree programs also offer online Business programs. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growing by Degrees , Sloan Consortium, 2006 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Evidence of Mainstreaming <ul><li>65% of i institutions mainly use core faculty to teach their online courses compared to 62% that report they are using primarily core faculty to teach their face-to-face courses. </li></ul><ul><li>74% of public colleges report that their online courses are taught by core faculty, as opposed to only 61% for their face-to-face courses. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growing by Degrees , Sloan Consortium, 2006 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Evidence of Mainstreaming <ul><li>Institutions that identify online education as a critical long-term strategy grew from 49% in 2003 to 56% in 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Largest increases are in Associate Degree institutions; 72% now see online part of their long-term strategy, up from 58% in 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>The smallest institutions--private nonprofit institutions and baccalaureate colleges-- remain the least likely to see online education is part of their long-term strategy. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growing by Degrees , Sloan Consortium, 2006 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Emerging Social and Institutional Benefits <ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ability to Aggregate Learning Communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialized Degree Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equity in Multi-Campus Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Curricular Integrity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-Campus and Distance Education Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-Enrolling On-campus Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Pedagogy for the Information Society </li></ul>
  10. 10. The New Pedagogy <ul><li>Focus on Inquiry and Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Resource-Focused Rather than Content Focused </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Develops Skills Needed for Information Society Work </li></ul>
  11. 11. Online Learning for Workforce Education <ul><li>Workforce Development a Critical Social Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift from Industrial to Information Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demographic Changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>80% of new jobs require a degree </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation--problem recognition, problem solving--a key to competitiveness </li></ul>
  12. 12. Trends in Online Learning for Workforce Development <ul><li>General Emphasis on Adult, Part-Time Learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing Financial Aid Support for Adult Learners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building the Workforce Pipeline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dual Enrollment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher Education </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Some General Trends to Watch <ul><li>Blended Degree Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-Institutional Collaborations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Plains Idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldwide Universities Network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cross-Sector Alliances </li></ul>
  14. 14. Thank You! <ul><ul><ul><li>Gary E. Miller </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Associate Vice President for Outreach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Pennsylvania State University </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul>

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