Tanzania Education and Research Network (TERNET) Mr. Stephen John Lukindo TERNET Technical CommitteeAssociate Director Information Resource Management January, 2012
Agenda • Introduc.on • Poten.al members of TERNET • TERNET Milestones • Status of NICTBB • Current Status of TERNET • Use and Beneﬁts • Challenges • Collabora.ons with USA ins.tu.ons
Popula.on: 43 million Demographics • gender – Women: 51% – Men 49% • age group -‐ Under 30 -‐ Over 30 Oﬃcial Languages • Kiswahili and English GDP growth: 6.5% (2010) , 6.7% (2011 est.) – Source: IndexMundi represen.ng CIA fact book Economic Occupation: • 70% of the pop work in agriculture and live in rural areas • Exports (gold, diamond, coffee, tea, cotton, sisal, wood, paper, cashew nuts) • Imports (consumer goods like foodstuffs, machinery and transportation equipments, industrial raw materials, and crude oil)
POTENTIAL MEMBERS Level Primary Secondary Teachers Public /Private Technical/ Training Universi.es Voca.onal College Educa.on No. of 15,816 4,102 77 33 230 Ins.tu.on Source: TCU & NACTE Website
TERNET Milestones • 2000 -‐ the need for a NREN was realised • January, 2002, 16 Higher EducaDon InsDtuDons (HEIs) signed a MoU to establish NREN TERNET. • March, 2007 – TERNET, was formally consDtuted – Interim Leadership – 21 InDtuDons signed MOU – ConsDtuDon was then draSed • 11th April, 2008 – TERNET registered as a Trust • 18th April, 2008 -‐ TERNET become member of UBUNTUNET ALLIANCE 6
TERNET Milestones cont’d • The STM-‐1 submarine ﬁbre circuit live since March 2011 – connecDng COSTECH NOC with Ubuntunet in London – nominal bandwidth 155 Mbps. • The IP address allocaDon requested from AfriNIC -‐ assigned in February, 2010, IP block number 184.108.40.206 / 17 or Autonomous System Number 37182 • 47 TERNET members of which 20 are acDve members
TERNET ConnecDvity Today BGP PEERING over Cisco 7609 TERNET STM-1(155Mbps) link core router Gigabit Gigabit Ethernet via TERNET switch Cisco 3800 router Ethernet via UTP link7609 UBUNTUNET CORE UTP link provisioned ROUTER LONDON Tanzania provisioned for 10Mbps Commission for for 40Mbps Science and Leased Technology Wireless link (COSTECH) provisioned for 10Mbps Leased fibre link provisioned Leased for 10Mbps Wireless link provisioned Cisco router The Leased fibre for 10Mbps Ministry of link Education and provisioned for 10Mbps Vocational Training Sonicwall Cisco 2800 router Cisco 2800 router College of The Open router The Hubert Kairuki Business University of Education Tanzania Memorial University
Current Status -‐ Connected InsDtuDons • Nine insDtuDons connected -‐ • Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) • College of Business Educa.on • Open University of Tanzania. • Hubert Kairuki Memorial University • Ministry of Educa.on and Voca.onal Training • Ardhi University • Dar es salaam Ins.tute of Technology • Ins.tute of Social Work • Na.onal Accredita.on for Technical Educa.on (NACTE)
Current Use and Beneﬁts • Internet Service current free of charge-‐ contribuDon mechanism underway • Sharing of educaDon and research resources • UDlizaDon of super computer at DIT Professorial Inaugural Lecture Series No.1
Challenges • Infrastructure – High installaDon and recurring costs for middle and last mile loop – Ownership, operaDons and maintenance • Capacity building of IT staﬀ at insDtuDons – requires more training • The NOC -‐ requires updated equipment – servers DNS, Mail, HTTP, network monitoring, and Bandwidth manager • Serious issue with power and power backup. – The ba`ery inverter was providing 4 hours backup Dme.
Future development plans for the physical network • Immediate plans – – connect insDtuDons to the NOC at COSTECH – a mix of ﬁbre and wireless local loops – Up to 1Gbps (vs 2 to 5 Mbps wireless) • Long-‐term plan – – UDlize na.onal ICT backbone to connect ins.tu.ons – local and other regions • Points of Presence (PoPs) -‐ – Dodoma, Mwanza, and Arusha – linked back to the NOC at COSTECH via the NICTBB.
CollaboraDons (US universiDes, Internet2, etc) • Management of NREN – O&M • Capacity Building • Equipments provision-‐server rooms • ICT Infrastructure provision-‐ wireless Professorial Inaugural Lecture Series No.1
Asante kwa kusikiliza Professorial Inaugural Lecture Series No.1