Becoming a fiber friendly community final


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Fiber to the Home Guide

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Becoming a fiber friendly community final

  1. 1. Develop A Clear Broadband Plan0Ensure commitment of communitystakeholders, including local•overnment •ersonnelPermit innovative constructiontechniquesDefine an expeditious process foron-going permitting andins•ectionsBuild out requirements have beenproven counterproductivePublish data about existinginfrastructureAllow prospective attachers toperform all make-ready workthemselves throu • h contractorsInstall ubiquitous fiber conduitProvide space on all poles for neattachersUSE OF EXISTINGINFRASTRUCTURE3itatMake all rights-of-way available onclearly defined, reasonable termsthrou • h a ra • id a royal • rocessMake poles available on clearlydefined, reasonable terms througha ra • id a royal • rocessEnsure make-ready work isperformed expeditiouslyPROACTIVELY IMPROVINGEXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE(14Use building codes andcommunity development plans todrive fiber de lo mentsCOMMUNITY AND LOCALGOVERNMENT LEADERSHIPAND SUPPORTAPPROVAL REQUIREMENTSAND PERMITTINGCoordinate all pole maintenanceand make-ready work with thenew •rovider to save costs10BECOMING A, 61kFTTHFIBER TO THE HOMECOUNCILAMERICASFIBER-FRIENDLYCOMMUNITYCommunities across the country understand the great value of gigabit broadband and are exploring howthey can encourage the deployment of fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) networks to support this technology.Some key factors are within the control of a community... In other words, a community can make a realdifference in whether a network gets built.FOR MORE, VISIT FTTHCOUNCILORO
  2. 2. Y:SA:FTTH1~ fff 1G 1M1 nOwlCOUNCILBecoming a Fiber-Friendly CommunityRegulatory and Infrastructure Actions That Can Drive DeploymentsCommunities across the country understand the great value of gigabitbroadband and are exploring how they can encourage the deployment of fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) networks to support this technology. A wide range offactors drives the decision to deploy a FTTH network, from the cost ofconstruction and operation to demand for service. Importantly, some keyfactors are within the control of a community, such as accessing public rights-of-way and government owned facilities and receiving government permissions.The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) estimates these factors mayamount of 20% of the total deployment cost. In other words, a community canmake a real difference in whether a network gets built.In this paper, we outline a series of steps that communities should consider toclear a path for and work with a prospective broadband provider. It is notexhaustive, and some of the steps require cooperation from other private andpublic actors to achieve. Further, the trade-offs among competing objectivesand degree of difficulty in finding solutions will vary among communities. Butachieving these benchmarks has the potential to meaningfully reducedeployment costs and tip the balance in favor of FTTH network investment inyour community.Community and Local Government Leadership and SupportFrom initial conception to contract negotiations to construction and operation of the network,community leadership — from government officials, community leaders, and business owners --play a crucial role at every step of the deployment process.Develop a clear broadband plan: Deploying FTTH is a critical step for communities toparticipate fully in the rapidly evolving Internet economy. Like other major communityinfrastructure projects, construction of this network is a major undertaking, with largecosts incurred up front prior to any service being provided and revenues flowing. Assuch, communities need to have a clear vision about the nature of the undertaking and,once committed, develop a culture to support this effort — one that will last as communityleadership changes over time and unexpected circumstances arise. A crucial part of anycommunity plan is to set realistic goals for the project and define precisely thecommunitys investment and involvement. The plan, for instance, should discuss how1May, 2013
  3. 3. ,Vell:1141/4.111.•FTTHMa 10 111 *SWCOUNCILAAWICA1the community will directly benefit from the FTTH deployment, including connectivityand use of the network at public institutions, as well as consider how individuals use athome can improve access to and use of relevant civic services. That way, there can bebroader commitment to the project from within the community at large.Ensure commitment of community stakeholders, including local governmentpersonnel: It is essential to have key community stakeholders, especially localgovernment decision-makers and relevant personnel, available throughout thedeployment process. Appointing a single government official as point of contactresponsible for all parts of the project is one way to facilitate deployment. Localgovernments also should designate a team responsible for cooperating with the FTTHnetwork provider on a day-to-day basis.Approval Requirements and PermittingThere are various permitting and approval processes necessary to build an FTTH network. Here,states may have a role, such as where the state has adopted a state issued franchise for access.However, in most instances, the local government will control the rights and processes. Anyapproval process needs to have reasonable substantive requirements and be completedexpeditiously. In addition, comprehensive approval for an entire project, instead of repeatedapproval requirements for different stages of a project, greatly reduces delays that add costs to aproject.Define an expeditious process for on-going permitting and inspections: Allapplications for permits should have a guaranteed response deadline — preferably no morethan 5 business days. Along with providing a dedicated inspection team, localgovernments should allow providers to work with a pre-approved, third-party inspectionteam to review all work in a timely manner.Permit innovative construction techniques: Providers are constantly developing newtechnologies that speed deployment, minimize disruption to ongoing activities and reduceany costs for local governments. Microtrenching is an example of these innovations andis currently permitted in many areas. Local governments should be open to permittingexpeditious use of such new techniques.Mandated deployment requirements are counterproductive: Imposing "must build"requirements on a new entrant in a market has proven counterproductive to new buildsand has been seen by federal and state agencies as anti-competitive because they end upmaking projects uneconomical and entrenching incumbent providers. As such, localgovernments should not impose these requirements on new entrants. This does not mean2May, 2013
  4. 4. ,V0k.FTTH/MAIO lilt .11/00COUNCILAMIIIC A)that communities should set aside legitimate concerns about ensuring access is providedubiquitously. Rather, local governments should work with providers on alternative, moreflexible ways to ensure access reaches customers who want service.Use of Existing InfrastructureThe ability to access existing infrastructure can dramatically reduce the costs of FTTHdeployments. It is crucial to ensure all prospective providers can secure rapid and uninterruptedaccess to this infrastructure at a reasonable and predictable cost in a timely manner.Publish data about existing infrastructure: For providers to make use of infrastructure,they need to know what is available. To the extent consistent with public safety, welfare,and related concerns, local governments should seek to provide data to providersregarding conduit, ducts and other public or proprietary rights-of-way it owns or controlsas well as local government poles and buildings to which providers can attach equipment.Make all rights-of-way available on clearly defined, reasonable terms through a rapidapproval process: Local governments should make available standard forms related toall rights-of-way and easements they own or control. The price for access should becommensurate with the actual additional cost imposed by the provider and incurred bythe local government. Pricing and terms should be published and offered on a fair andreasonable and competitively neutral basis. As with permitting generally, any on-goingapprovals should occur within 5 business days.Make poles available on clearly defined, reasonable terms through a rapid approvalprocess: Running fiber aerially along utility poles is often significantly cheaper (and lessintrusive) than running fiber underground. Poles can be controlled by local governmentsor their affiliated entities, cooperatives, or privately-owned utilities. Where localgovernments or their affiliates own or control poles, they should adopt clear, predictablerules for providers to attach their wires and equipment across to these poles on a fiar,reasonable, and competitively neutral basis. In addition, local governments shouldendeavor to work with cooperatives and private utilities to facilitate access by providersto their infrastructure on fair and reasonable terms.The FCCs rules enable providers of telecommunications services and cable services (andbroadband service offered in combination with one or both of these services) to attachequipment to poles owned/controlled by private utilities at just and reasonable rates and aschedule for the application, survey, and make-ready process. Since this right might notapply where a provider only offers standalone broadband Internet access service, localgovernments should seek to ensure that these providers have attachment rights on3May, 2013
  5. 5. FTTHmut. lett ttatntCOUNCILequitable terms comparable to those covered by the FCCs rules. Finally, as permitted bythe federal statute, many states have adopted their own pole attachment statutes orregulations, which may not only apply to private utilities but to government utilities andcooperatives that own/control poles.Ensure make-ready work is performed expeditiously: Rearranging existing attachmentsand other steps necessary to make a pole ready for an additional attacher can addsignificant delay and cost to broadband deployment. In general and subject togovernment oversight, pole owners are responsible for this work and should complete itin a reasonable amount of time. If pole owners (and, where relevant, other attachers) arenot complying, prospective attachers should have the right to complete the workthemselves. For poles owned/controlled by local governments, there should beestablished prices and timelines for these services that are comparable to those providedfor in the FCCs rules.Coordinate all pole maintenance and make-ready work with the new provider to savecosts: Every pole is maintained by its owner on a periodic basis, although this periodmay be in excess of ten years. Where possible, a local government should seek to alignpole maintenance that benefits itself and all attachers with a providers deploymentschedule such that any make-ready work can be done at the same time. To facilitate thisprocess, providers should identify the set of poles that they intend to use first, and theseshould be prioritized as part of maintenance cycles. This way, rather than having twosets of crews work on the pole -- one for the regular maintenance and one to make itready for fiber -- there need only be one set of work on the pole and thus one set of laborcosts. (Providers attaching to poles should only pay for the portion of the work directlyrelated to their attachment.)Allow prospective attachers to perform all make-ready work themselves through theuse of independent, approved contractors: To facilitate an even faster deploymentprocess, local governments should enable prospective attachers to perform surveys andmake-ready work themselves working with a set of pre-approved contractors, withouthaving to get further permissions from the existing attachers. For instance, by settingclear standards for companies to become approved make-ready contractors, the localgovernment can help drive down the timeline for surveys and make-ready work andspeed fiber deployment. Moreover, having contractors work directly with prospectiveattachers aligns incentives in ways that can make the process move along faster.4May, 2013
  6. 6. FTTH1001 10 1111 0300COUNCILAlProactively Improving Existing InfrastructureSome of the more significant cost reductions can come from communities instituting a forward-looking program to improve existing infrastructure. While some of these actions requiresinvestment, it will provide a more conducive environment for providers in the long run and hasthe added benefit of reducing the governments construction and maintenance costs.Provide space on all poles for new attachers: Where they have authority, localgovernments can take pole maintenance one step further, by proactively providing spaceon the pole for providers. One way to do this is by expediting standard maintenancework and performing make-ready work at the same time.Install ubiquitous fiber conduit: By installing conduit for fiber with enough space foradditional networks, local governments can limit the need for providers to engage newconstruction, further expediting fiber projects. For instance, the government could adopta "dig once" policy, such that fiber conduit is installed any time road construction occurs.By doing so, the cost of that construction is amortized over all projects that later utilizethe conduit, reducing costs and minimizing disruption to drivers. This can reducedeployment costs along roadways by as much as 90%, while adding less than one percentto the cost of the road construction.Use building codes and community development plans to drive fiber deployments: It iscommon for local governments to set basic standards regarding minimum levels ofservice for homes, residential planned communities and residential and commercialbuildings. Local governments should require that new construction and substantialrenovations for buildings and new community plans to include structured wiring thatallows fiber to be run easily to each room within a home or multiple dwelling unit.5May, 2013