NORTHEAST SCHOOL OF
SIMPLE PRESENT: SIMPLE PAST: SIMPLE FUTURE
ENGINEER. Oscar Garcia
Group practice: # 3
NAME. EDDIN MAURICIO ORTIZ BARRIOS
Expresses truths (Warm air rises - Hot air rises) or stay (Her parents live in
Madrid - Her parents live in Madrid) and habitual action, ie, habits or routines
in everyday life (I get up late on Sundays - I get up late on a Sunday or I eat a
lot of fruit - As much fruit).
It is also used to talk about future events, especially those subject to a
schedule, such as arrivals and departures of public transport (The train leaves
at nine - The train leaves at nine)
Afirmativo: I speak English and French (Hablo inglés y francés) - She speaks
English and French (Ella habla inglés y francés)
Negativo: I don't (do not) smoke (No fumo) - He doesn't (does not) smoke (Él
Interrogativo: Do you speak Spanish? (¿Hablas español?) - Does she speak
Spanish? (¿Habla ella español?)
There are two important considerations to take into
account wing when using the present simple in
English, both related to the use of negative and
interrogative: we need the auxiliary verb do: 2 I do
not (do not) live in Madrid (No live in Madrid). Do
you speak Spanish? (Do you speak Spanish?).
Second, the auxiliary do takes the form does for the
third person singular: She does not speak French
(She does not speak French). Does he live in
Madrid? (He lives in Madrid?)
The simple past, 1 Also known as the simple past is the tense used in the
English language to narrate events that occurred at a specific time in the
past. Corresponds in meaning to perfect simple in Spanish.2
The simple past time expressions generally alluding to the past, like,
yesterday, last night / week / month / year / Tuesday, then a, When ?, How
long ago ...?, Ago, in 1997, etc.
regular and irregular verbs
With regular verb
When the verb is regular, the statements are constructed using the infinitive and
they added the ending ed (od if the infinitive ends in e.)
Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa. (Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona
The teacher used a red pencil to correct the exams. (The teacher used a red
pen to correct the exams)
With irregular verb
When the verb is irregular, lie in the second column (listed in the simple past)
I Went fishing last weekend. (I went fishing last weekend.)
I bought a car. (He bought a car).
We moved here in 1991.
(Nos mudamos aquí en 1991.)
Did you move here in 1991?
(¿Se mudaron aquí en 1991?)
When did you move here?
(¿Cuándo se mudaron aquí?)
Sophia and I met yesterday.
(Sophia y yo nos conocimos ayer.)
The Simple Future tense is used to describe actions that will be developed in the future without the
need to clarify at what point will occur. Its equivalent in the Spanish language is Future Imperfect.
I will study the lesson. I will study the lesson.
(Not mentioned in that time)
I will travel to London. He will travel to London.
(Can not specify when)
They will buy a new car. They will buy a new car.
(It is not known at what time)
Although it can also express the time in which the action will take place, for example:
Susan will visit her mother tomorrow.
Susan morning visit to his mother.
John will travel to New York the next month.
John will travel to New York next month.
This tense used to build the auxiliary WILL followed by the main verb in the infinitive. In the table
below we see the Simple Future conjugation in the affirmative, interrogative and negative forms.
(We use the verb dance - TO DANCE - for example):
Tomorrow meets nineties.
2 To express decisions made by the speaker at the time of speaking, without having it previously expected.
I will phone her tonight.
I'll call you tonight.
3 To express predictions, assumptions or deductions speaker on a future event.
It will snow tomorrow.
Tomorrow it will snow (prediction).
She will like our present.
You'll like our gift (assumption).
He'll be rich one day (deduction).
One day be rich.
4 When express orders, requests and promises.
You will do your homework.
And make your homework (order).
Will you open the door?
Want to open the door? (request)
I'll do my best to help her.
I will do my best to help (promise).