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Kids computer-programming

Edward Burns
Edward Burns
Edward BurnsSoftware Stylist at Oracle

The very first introduction.

Kids computer-programming

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Computer Programming




Ed Burns, Oracle Corporation
Computer Programming
                 What is a program?





 A computer program is a file, just like a
document in Microsoft Word or a picture in
KidPix.



               Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License   2
Computer Programming
                  What is a program?

        +        =





 With Microsoft Word or KidPix you use the
computer to create text or images to be read or
viewed by humans.

            +        =


                Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License   3
Computer Programming
                  What is a program?

        +        =





 With a computer program, you use the
computer to create instructions to be read by a
computer!



                Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License   4
Computer Programming
               What are instructions?

       +        =




 The instructions that make up a computer
program can be really simple.




               Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License   5
Computer Programming
                What are instructions?

        +        =




 The instructions that make up a computer
program can be really simple...



    print “Hello world!”


                Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License   6
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Kids computer-programming

  • 1. Computer Programming Ed Burns, Oracle Corporation
  • 2. Computer Programming What is a program?  A computer program is a file, just like a document in Microsoft Word or a picture in KidPix. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 2
  • 3. Computer Programming What is a program? + =  With Microsoft Word or KidPix you use the computer to create text or images to be read or viewed by humans. + = Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 3
  • 4. Computer Programming What is a program? + =  With a computer program, you use the computer to create instructions to be read by a computer! Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 4
  • 5. Computer Programming What are instructions? + =  The instructions that make up a computer program can be really simple. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 5
  • 6. Computer Programming What are instructions? + =  The instructions that make up a computer program can be really simple...  print “Hello world!” Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 6
  • 7. Computer Programming What are instructions? + = ...or very complex.   launch “space shuttle” Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 7
  • 8. Computer Programming What are instructions? + =  ...or very complex.  Instructions are also called statements. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 8
  • 9. Computer Programming Why are programs special?  Since the beginning of humanity, there have only ever been five different ways that humans can store and transmit knowledge! Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 9
  • 10. Computer Programming Why are programs special?  Brains  From the beginning of humans Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 10
  • 11. Computer Programming Why are programs special?  Tools  Scientists say 3.5 million years ago Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 11
  • 12. Computer Programming Why are programs special?  Books  600 years ago Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 12
  • 13. Computer Programming Why are programs special?  Recorded sound and images  152 years ago Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 13
  • 14. Computer Programming Why are programs special?  Computer programs  68 years ago Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 14
  • 15. Computer Programming What does a program do?  Because computer programs are so special, there are lots of special words to talk about them.  The first special word describes what a computer does with a program. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 15
  • 16. Computer Programming What does a program do? Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 16
  • 17. Computer Programming What does a program do?  It runs.  What runs the program? Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 17
  • 18. Computer Programming What does a program do?  When a program runs, the computer looks at each instruction and does what the instruction says, one instruction at a time. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 18
  • 19. Computer Programming Who makes programs?  A person who writes a computer program is called a Programmer.  You can be a programmer too! Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 19
  • 20. Computer Programming Who makes programs?  A person who writes a computer program is called a Programmer.  You can be a programmer too!  Let’s get started! Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 20
  • 21. Computer Programming Getting Started With Programming Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 21
  • 22. Computer Programming Simple instructions Five basic concepts   Variables  If and if else statements  Lists  Loops  Sub-routines Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 22
  • 23. Computer Programming Simple instructions variable   A place to store information so the computer can work with it Real world example: What’s for lunch?   Hot dog  Hamburger Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 23
  • 24. Computer Programming Simple instructions variable   A place to store information so the computer can work with it  Programming example: What’s for lunch? lunch = “Hot Dog”; lunch = “Hamburger”; Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 24
  • 25. Computer Programming Simple instructions if  Make choices based on the value of a variable   Real world example: If lunch is hamburger, get ketchup. If lunch is hot dog, get mustard. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 25
  • 26. Computer Programming Simple instructions  if  Make choices based on the value of a variable  Programming example: if (lunch.equals(“Hamburger”)) { getKetchup(); } if (lunch.equals(“Hot Dog”)) { getMustard(); } Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 26
  • 27. Computer Programming Simple instructions if else   Use when you only have two choices to choose from.  Real world example: If lunch is hamburger, get ketchup, otherwise, get mustard. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 27
  • 28. Computer Programming Simple instructions  if else  Use when you only have two choices to choose from.  Programming example: if (lunch.equals(“Hamburger”)) { getKetchup(); } else { getMustard(); } Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 28
  • 29. Computer Programming Simple instructions lists   A special kind of variable that holds a list of values  Real world example: Your lunch choices are: hamburger, hot dog, chicken nuggets or green salad  The items in the list are called elements. The lunch choices list has four elements. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 29
  • 30. Computer Programming lists  Simple instructions  A special kind of variable that holds a list of values  Programming example: lunchChoices = { “hamburger”, “hot dog”,“chicken nuggets”, “green salad” }; print lunchChoices.size(); Prints out “4”.  Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 30
  • 31. Computer Programming Simple instructions loops   A statement that lets you do something with each element in a list.  Real world example: Look at the lunch menu and decide what to eat. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 31
  • 32. Computer Programming Simple instructions loops   A statement that lets you do something with each element in a list.  Programming example: for each (item : lunchChoices) { if (iLikeIt(item)) { eat(item); } } Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 32
  • 33. Computer Programming Simple instructions  Subroutines  A program within a program. Basically a way to organize your program so it’s easier to read.  Real world example: To eat lunch, you must:  Decide what to eat  Buy it  Take it to your table  Eat it. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 33
  • 34. Computer Programming Simple instructions Subroutines   A program within a program. Basically a way to organize your program so it’s easier to read.  Programming example: lunch = readMenuAndPickItem(); buyItem(lunch); table = chooseTable(); eatLunchAtTable(lunch, table); Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 34
  • 35. Computer Programming Simple instructions Subroutines   Programming example: lunch = readMenuAndPickItem(); buyItem(lunch); table = chooseTable(); eatLunchAtTable(lunch, table);  Subroutines need information to get their work done. The pieces of information given to a subroutine are called arguments. Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 35
  • 36. Computer Programming Simple instructions Review Five basic concepts   Variables  If and if else statements  Lists  Loops  Sub-routines Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 36
  • 37. Computer Programming Ed Burns, Oracle Corporation Copyright 2012 Ed Burns, Creative Commons License 37