20131028 Edanz Xi'an

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How to Write For and Publish in Academic Journals by Edanz Senior Editor Amanda Hindle

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20131028 Edanz Xi'an

  1. 1. How to Write For and Publish in Academic Journals ! Amanda!Hindle! Senior!Editor! Edanz!Group! 28!October!2013!
  2. 2. Today’s presentation … " ! "Quali(es"of"a"well.wri0en"ar(cle" ! "Logical"flow"of"informa(on" c" ! "Increasing"readability" ! "Wri(ng"abstracts"
  3. 3. Section 1 Essen%al(quali%es(of(a(( well/wri1en(ar%cle(
  4. 4. Writing a manuscript – 4 common myths My(manuscript(is(a(wri1en(record(of(my(findings( My(findings(speak(for(themselves,(even(if(the( manuscript(is(wri1en(poorly( S" Complex(words(makes(my(wri%ng(more(impressive( Good(English(means(only(grammar(and(spelling(
  5. 5. Writing a manuscript – 4 common myths Your(manuscript(is(to(communicate(your(findings( My(manuscript(is(a(wri1en(record(of(my(findings( You(need(a(well/wri1en(manuscript(to(effec%vely( My(findings(speak(for(themselves,(even(if(the( manuscript(is(wri1en(poorly( communicate(your(findings( S" Complex(words(makes(your(wri%ng(( Complex(words(makes(my(wri%ng(more(impressive( more(difficult(to(understand( Good(English(means(clear(English( Good(English(means(only(grammar(and(spelling( with(high(readability(
  6. 6. Qualities of a well-written article Relevant!topic! Hypothesis!addresses!important! knowledge!gap!in!the!field! Significant!results! Findings!strongly!support! hypothesis! S" Logical!flow!of! informaEon! Ideas!clearly!presented!in! logical!manner! High!readability! Clearly!wriLen!English!
  7. 7. Section 2 Logical(flow(of( informa%on(
  8. 8. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Manuscript flow Introduc%on( Methods( Results( Discussion( General" background"to" specific"aims" Specific"findings" Summary"of" findings"to"general" implica(ons"
  9. 9. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Introduction General!introducEon! Current!state!of!the! field! Knowledge!gap! Aims" Specific!aims! "
  10. 10. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Introduction Wong"and"Lam."Asian"Journal"of"Gambling"Issues"and"Public"Health"2013;"3:7"
  11. 11. Why!is!this!study!interesEng?!
  12. 12. What!has!been!studied! previously?!
  13. 13. What!are!the!gaps!in!the! knowledge?! What!are!your!aims?!
  14. 14. How!are!you!going!to! answer!them?!
  15. 15. Building"context" Literature reviews Why(conduct(one?( ! Provides"background"on"the"current"state"of" knowledge"on"a"subject" ! Cri(cal"analysis"of"exis(ng"research" ! Gives"your"research"context" ! Iden(fies"areas"for"future"study" "
  16. 16. Building"context" Literature reviews Comprehensive" essay" Argument"in"favor" of"your"research" Literature"Review" Complete"annotated" bibliography"
  17. 17. Building"context" Before starting ! Assess"primary"research"ques(on"" ! Suppor(ng"informa(on"" ! Measurable"variables?" ! Iden(fy"relevant"sources,"experts,"databases" "
  18. 18. Building"context" " Organizing your review Organize"ar(cles"into"groups Priori(ze"cita(ons " " Develop"an"outline Combine"sources"and" develop"discussion
  19. 19. Building"context" Building context What"were"the"earlier"studies? How"did"this"lead"to"more"recent"studies? How"is"your"manuscript"different? What"is"your"hypothesis? "
  20. 20. Building"context" Literature reviews
  21. 21. Building"context" Literature reviews What"were"the"earlier"studies?"
  22. 22. Building"context" Literature reviews What"were"the"earlier"studies?" How"did"this"lead"to"more"recent"studies?"
  23. 23. Building"context" Literature reviews How"is"your"study"different?
  24. 24. Building"context" Literature reviews What"is"your"hypothesis?
  25. 25. Building"context" Using footnotes & endnotes ! "Essen(al"informa(on"or"supplementary?" " Footnote" Bo0om"of"page" Endnote" End"of"manuscript" "
  26. 26. Building"context" Using footnotes & endnotes Footnotes" Endnotes" Easy"reference" Less"distrac(ng" More"integrated" Allow"narra(ve"flow" Sources"immediate" All"sources"at"the"end" Take"up"page"space" Don’t"clu0er"page"
  27. 27. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Methods What!sources!were!used?! Timing!of!analysis?! What!analyses!were! conducted!on!what!samples?! Details!! Grenier"G,"Xue"L."Int"Migra(on"&"Integra(on"2011;"12:275.303."
  28. 28. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Methods Appropriate"sta(s(cal" tests" Level"of"significance" Data"anonymized" Kristjanson"P"et"al."Food"Security"2012;"4:381.397."
  29. 29. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Results What"did"you"find?" Appropriate"comparisons?" Results"sta(s(cally"significant?" Data"duplicated"among"figures,"tables" and"text?" "
  30. 30. Customer"Service" Using"direct" quotes" Why use direct quotes? !  Support"claims" Samuelson"et"al."Lang"Policy"2010;"9:191.215."
  31. 31. Customer"Service" Using"direct" quotes" Why use direct quotes? !  Support"claims" !  Illustrate"ideas" Anjum"et"al." Conflict"and" Health"2012;"6:1."
  32. 32. Customer"Service" Using"direct" quotes" Why use direct quotes? Jacobs"et"al."Cult"Med"Psychiatry"2011;"35:3.25." !  Support"claims" !  Illustrate"ideas" !  Show"experience"
  33. 33. Customer"Service" Using"direct" quotes" Why use direct quotes? !  Support"claims" !  Illustrate"ideas" !  Show"experience" !  Draw"emo(on"or"response"from"your" reader" Abdullah"et"al."BMC"Interna(onal"Health"and"Human"Rights"2012;"12:32."
  34. 34. Customer"Service" Using"direct" quotes" Incorporating quotes Avoid"excess"text" General(rules( Indent"or"use"italics" Integrate"quote"into" text"
  35. 35. Customer"Service" Using"direct" quotes" Benefits to the reader !  Using"quotes"allows"the"reader"to:" " Examine"data"collected"directly" Understand"the"findings" Evaluate"the"credibility"of"the" claims"
  36. 36. Publisher"" Using" subheadings" Adapta(ons" Using subheadings !  Important"to"structure"and"readability" Be"descrip(ve" Separate"ideas" General(rules( Create"logical" flow" Link"to"study" aims" "
  37. 37. Publisher"" Using" subheadings" Adapta(ons" Create consistency !  Organize"your"ideas"consistently"and"link" them"to"the"aims"of"your"study" Our" objec(ve" is" to" demonstrate" indigenous" human" ecological" knowledge" related" to" medicinal" plants." Ajer" describing" the" research" approach," we" examine" indigenous" knowledge" of" plant" diversity," plant" use" categories"with"respect"to"health"sovereignty,"the"no(on" that"food"is"medicine,"seasonal"availability"and"storage"of" plants," and" conclude" with" sugges(ons" for" further" research" on" medicinal" plants" in" the" Pamir" Mountains" of" Afghanistan"and"Tajikistan." Kassam"et"al."Hum"Ecol" 2010;"38:817.829."
  38. 38. Publisher"" Using" subheadings" Adapta(ons" Create consistency Our"objec(ve"is"to"demonstrate"indigenous" human" ecological" knowledge" related" to" medicinal" plants." Ajer" describing" the" research"approach,"we"examine"indigenous" knowledge" of" plant" diversity," plant" use" categories" with" respect" to" health" sovereignty," the" no(on" that" food" is" medicine," seasonal" availability" and" storage" of"plants,"and"conclude"with"sugges(ons"for" further"research"on"medicinal"plants"in"the" Pamir" Mountains" of" Afghanistan" and" Tajikistan." Methods" Results" Conclusion" Kassam"et"al."Hum"Ecol" 2010;"38:817.829."
  39. 39. Publisher"" Using" subheadings" Adapta(ons" Logical organization !  Help"organize"informa(on"logically" "
  40. 40. Publisher"" Using" subheadings" Adapta(ons" Logical organization Abstract" Recent" research" has" shown" that" rapid" judgments"about"the"personality"traits"of"poli(cal" candidates,"based"solely"on"their"appearance,"can" predict" their" electoral" success." This" suggests" that" voters"rely"heavily"on"appearances"when"choosing" which" candidate" to" elect." Here" we" review" this" literature" and" examine" the" determinants" of" the" rela(onship" between" appearance.based" trait" inferences"and"vo(ng."We"also"reanalyze"previous" data" to" show" that" facial" competence" is" a" highly" robust" and" specific" predictor" of" poli(cal" preferences." Finally," we" introduce" a" computer" model" of" face.based" competence" judgments," which"we"use"to"derive"some"of"the"facial"features" associated"with"these"judgments."" " Introduc(on" Trait"Inferences"from"Appearance" Trait"Inferences"in"the"Poli(cal" Domain! The"Predic(ve"Power"of"Facial" Competence"Judgments" Facial"Determinants"of"Competence" Inferences" Appearance"Effects"in"the"Real" World"
  41. 41. Publisher"" Using" subheadings" Adapta(ons" " Logical organization Abstract" Recent" research" has" shown" that" rapid" judgments"about"the"personality"traits"of"poli(cal" candidates,"based"solely"on"their"appearance,"can" predict" their" electoral" success." This" suggests" that" voters"rely"heavily"on"appearances"when"choosing" which" candidate" to" elect." Here" we" review" this" literature" and" examine" the" determinants" of" the" rela(onship" between" appearance.based" trait" inferences"and"vo(ng."We"also"reanalyze"previous" data" to" show" that" facial" competence" is" a" highly" robust" and" specific" predictor" of" poli(cal" preferences." Finally," we" introduce" a" computer" model" of" face.based" competence" judgments," which"we"use"to"derive"some"of"the"facial"features" associated"with"these"judgments."" Introduc(on" Trait"Inferences"from"Appearance" Trait"Inferences"in"the"Poli(cal" Domain! Inferences"of" Competence"and" Elec(on"Outcomes" Replica(ons"and" Extensions" The"Predic(ve"Power"of"Facial" Competence"Judgments"
  42. 42. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Discussion Summary"of"findings" Relevance"of" findings" Implica(ons"for"" the"field" "
  43. 43. Coverage"and" Manuscript" Staffing"Plan" structure" Discussion ! Avoid"just"resta(ng"results" ! Answer"the"research"ques(on(s)"posed" ! Emphasize"the"major"finding(s)"first" ! State"your"major"conclusion" ! Based"on"results"presented" "
  44. 44. LimitaEons! FollowSon!studies! Appropriate!conclusion?! Addressed!your!aims?! ImplicaEons! Lewis"et"al."PNAS!2012;109:68–72."
  45. 45. Section 3 Abstracts(
  46. 46. Publisher"" Abstracts" Adapta(ons" Who’s hungry? First(impressions(are( important!(
  47. 47. Publisher"" Abstracts" Adapta(ons" Important points Relevance"of"" your"aims" Importance"of" your"results" Validity"of" your" conclusions" First!impression! of!your!paper! Judge"your" wri(ng"style" Probably"only"part" that"will"be"read" "
  48. 48. Publisher"" Abstracts" Adapta(ons" General guide Background! Why"the"study"was"done"(20%)" Aims! Your"hypothesis"(10%)" Methods! Techniques"or"analysis"(10%)" Results! Most"important"findings"(40%)" Conclusion! Conclusion"&"implica(ons"(20%)"
  49. 49. Publisher"" Abstracts" Adapta(ons" Unstructured abstract Social!selecEon!and!peer!influence!in!an!online!social!network! Disentangling" the" effects" of" selec(on" and" influence" is" one" of" social" science’s" greatest"unsolved"puzzles:"Do"people"befriend"others"who"are"similar"to"them,"or" do" they" become" more" similar" to" their" friends" over" (me?" Recent" advances" in" stochas(c" actor.based" modeling," combined" with" self.reported" data" on" a" popular" online"social"network"site,"allow"us"to"address"this"ques(on"with"a"greater"degree" of" precision" than" has" heretofore" been" possible." Using" data" on" the" Facebook" ac(vity" of" a" cohort" of" college" students" over" 4" years," we" find" that" students" who" share"certain"tastes"in"music"and"in"movies,"but"not"in"books,"are"significantly"likely" to" befriend" one" another." Meanwhile," we" find" li0le" evidence" for" the" diffusion" of" tastes" among" Facebook" friends—except" for" tastes" in" classical/jazz" music." These" findings" shed" light" on" the" mechanisms" responsible" for" observed" network" homogeneity;" provide" a" sta(s(cally" rigorous" assessment" of" the" coevolu(on" of" cultural"tastes"and"social"rela(onships;"and"suggest"important"qualifica(ons"to"our" understanding"of"both"homophily"and"contagion"as"generic"social"processes." Lewis"et"al."PNAS!2012;109:68–72."
  50. 50. Publisher"" Abstracts" Adapta(ons" Unstructured abstract Disentangling"the"effects"of"selec(on"and"influence"is"one"of"social"science’s" greatest"unsolved"puzzles:"Do"people"befriend"others"who"are"similar"to"them," or"do"they"become"more"similar"to"their"friends"over"(me?"Recent"advances"in" stochas(c"actor.based"modeling,"combined"with"self.reported"data"on"a"popular" online"social"network"site,"allow"us"to"address"this"ques(on"with"a"greater" degree"of"precision"than"has"heretofore"been"possible."" Background! Aims! Using"data"on"the"Facebook"ac(vity"of"a"cohort"of"college"students"over"4"years,"" Techniques! we"find"that"students"who"share"certain"tastes"in"music"and"in"movies,"but"not" in"books,"are"significantly"likely"to"befriend"one"another."Meanwhile,"we"find" li0le"evidence"for"the"diffusion"of"tastes"among"Facebook"friends—except"for" tastes"in"classical/jazz"music."" Important! results! These"findings"shed"light"on"the"mechanisms"responsible"for"observed"network" homogeneity;"provide"a"sta(s(cally"rigorous"assessment"of"the"coevolu(on"of" cultural"tastes"and"social"rela(onships;"and"suggest"important"qualifica(ons"to" our"understanding"of"both"homophily"and"contagion"as"generic"social"processes." Conclusion!
  51. 51. Publisher"" Abstracts" Adapta(ons" Things to avoid References" Abbrevia(ons" Do!not! include…! Jargon/slang" Numbers"&" sta(s(cs"
  52. 52. Publish"Faster" Help your readers understand If"you"can’t"explain"something"simply,"you" don’t"understand"it"well. " " " " "."Albert"Einstein" " " " ! Express"complex"ideas"simply( "
  53. 53. Publish"Faster" Online resources !  Springer"Author"Academy" h0p://www.springer.com/authors/journal +authors/journal+authors+academy? SGWID=0.1726414.0.0.0" " !  Purdue"Online"Wri(ng"Lab" h0p://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/" " !  Social"Science"Research"Network" h0p://www.ssrn.com/"
  54. 54. Thank you! ! e.weibo.com/liwenbianji" blog.sciencenet.cn/u/liwenbianji"

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