Fire And Life Safety Awareness


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Basic Awareness in case of Emergency

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  • Welcome to the Fire Life and Safety Awareness. This presentation will include the importance of evacuation plans, procedures, fire prevention, common types of fires, and extinguisher information. There is a short quiz at the end. You may use your notes or course materials to assist you. This is
  • From this training, you should learn about evacuation procedures including different types of fire notification systems, emergency exits, fire doors, any special procedures for evacuating patients, why Emergency Evacuation Plans are so important, some common causes of fires in clinics, various fire prevention tips, as well as the different types of fire extinguishers and what they are used for.
  • Do not attempt to fight a fire unless it is your only means of escape. Do not re-enter the building for any reason, not even to attempt a rescue of an individual still inside the building.
  • Immediately sound the alarm and alert all occupants upon discovering a fire. From outside the facility (using a blue light emergency phone or cell phone), call the Police Department at the number given according to your location. Provide them with our name, department and the location of the fire.
  • If the building has a fire alarm activate a pull station on your way out of the building. If the building does not have an alarm system, yell a pre-determined signal such as “Code Red” or “Fire” to notify all building occupants that there is a fire. Once outside the building, the police should be called using a cell phone or a blue light emergency phone, located throughout campus.
  • All exits must be clearly marked, remain unlocked, and should not be blocked. Mirrors shall not be placed in or adjacent to any exit in such a manner as to confuse the direction of exit.
  • Fire doors should never be propped open with door stops, wedges, or any other device. These doors must be free to close in the event of a fire. The purpose of fire doors is to contain smoke and fire and prevent it from spreading throughout the building.
  • Individuals should be assigned responsibility for checking rooms and closing doors. DO NOT USE ELEVATORS! When out of the building, all members should proceed to designated meeting location. Use a check in sheet to account for patients, visitors, and staff. The Safety Representative for your office should report to the Police Department and UAE Fire and Rescue. Remember to wait for clearance to re-enter to building. Shut off all equipment that may accelerate the fire (compressed gases) and remember to close all doors to contain any fires or smoke that may be present. What are your specific roles in your facility’s emergency procedures?
  • The RACE method is located on the Emergency Evacuation Plan and everyone should know this vital information.
  • All employees should have read the Emergency Evacuation Plan (EEP) and fully understand it. It is important to update Safety Representatives and contacts whenever a change is made. The meeting locations should be away from any traffic areas that might be a danger and approved by the Office of Environmental Health and Safety. Emergency procedures should be followed to guarantee safety for all persons involved in the evacuation.
  • Training should take place for your specific evacuation plan and specific responsibility. The Emergency Evacuation Procedures should be updated at least annually, or when changes are made to the facility (construction affects evacuation or meeting locations) or there are staffing changes. Forward updated plans to the Office Environmental Health and Safety.
  • Open Flames Examples of such unsafe conditions are as follows: negligence in conducting hot work, such as welding, cutting or grinding; improper use of candles ; improper handling of flammable or combustible liquids or flammable gases in near-to-potential ignition sources; and matches and cigarettes that are improperly disposed of, or left unattended near combustibles. Electrical Examples of such unsafe conditions are as follows: damaged electrical conductors, plug wires or extension cords; use of faulty, modified or unapproved electrical equipment; insufficient space or clearance between electrical heating equipment and combustibles; short or overloaded circuits; loose electrical connections; and lighting. Electrical Fire Safety Tips Do not use electrical equipment that is in poor repair or that has a damaged cord. Do not overload circuits or extension cords. Use approved power bars instead of circuit splitters. Keep electrical heating appliances at a safe distance from combustibles. Cooking Examples of possible unsafe conditions are as follows: deep frying in pots or pans on stove tops; unattended cooking appliances; and combustibles located dangerously close to cooking equipment. General Office Kitchen Fire Safety Tips In order to avoid cooking hazards, many offices have mini-kitchens where staff may prepare their own food. Toasters and microwave ovens should not be located in general office areas. It is preferable that these appliances be placed in kitchen areas only. Avoid deep fat frying. If you typically deep-fry your food, use a thermostat controlled appliance, and never leave it unattended. Keep all combustible materials, such as paper towels and cloths, at a safe distance. Spontaneous Ignition and the Ignition of Waste Materials Examples of such unsafe conditions are as follows: improper disposal of materials susceptible to spontaneous combustion, such as oily rags from wood finishing or polishing; accumulation of organic materials, such as green hay, grain or woodchips; and accumulation of waste combustible materials near potential sources of ignition.
  • Approved, heavy duty extension cords (14 gauge or larger) should be for TEMPORARY use only. It proposes many safety issues having cords laying around. A person can trip over them, knock something over and possibly injure themselves in the process. The cords should not be strung through walls, be placed anywhere they are vulnerable to damage, and not set up where they would have to go under doors or floors. If a cord has any visible wear report the damage and make arrangements for repair. Be aware when using extension cords and pay close attention when using heat.
  • General Electrical Safety Tips: - Replace damaged or frayed electrical cords. - Do not run electrical cords through doorways and under rugs. Cords run through doorways can be damaged. Electrical current generates heat as it travels through electrical cords. If electrical cords are run placed under carpets, the heat would not be able to dissipate and may result in the damage to the electrical cord. - Avoid overloading electrical outlets. If you have several high wattage appliances, only plug in one appliance into each receptacle at a time - If electrical switches or outlets feel warm to the touch, contact Facilities Management ASAP. The heat may be an indication of a possible electrical problem. If it is your home electrical switch/outlet, you should contact a licensed electrician to properly assess the situation. Independent Laboratory Testing: All electrical equipment such as appliances, extension cords, power strips, and surge protectors must be certified by an independent testing laboratory such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL), CSA, or ETL. These independent testing laboratories conduct tests to ensure they meet industry standards for the specific type of electrical equipment. Look for the UL/CSA/ETL label on the product you purchase. GFCI: To prevent accidental electrocution, electrical plugs around water (sinks, outdoors areas, swimming pools, etc.) should be a ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) type of plug. A GFCI monitors the amount of current flowing from the hot to the neutral wire. If there is any imbalance, the circuit will trip. The GFCI senses a mismatch as small as 4 or 5 milliamps, and can react as quickly as one-thirtieth of a second to shut off the current. All GFCIs should be tested once a month to ensure they are working properly and protecting you from a electrocution.
  • A fire needs three components to exist and spread. A fuel source must be exposed to a heat supply. Oxygen, from the air or oxygen tanks, acts as a catalyst to make the reaction take place, which creates a flame. The more the fuel and oxygen supply, the bigger the flame. Fire extinguishers are used to ‘extinguish’ one of the three components that allow the fire to exist.
  • All personnel must be able to identify all extinguishers. Do not tamper with the extinguishers. If any of the extinguishers have been tampered with or are damaged or discharged for any reason, REPORT IMMEDIATELY!!
  • Limit storage of combustible materials. Combustible materials should be stored in a minimum, need only basis due to their nature. If a large amount of combustible materials were to get ignited, the fire would easily spread.
  • Limit storage of flammable liquids and gases, such as alcohol. Store large quantities (greater than 10 gallons) in flammable storage cabinets.
  • It is important to inspect electrical cords before use. If you notice any damage, turn off the equipment and immediately unplug the cord. Place an out of service tag on the equipment and make arrangements to have the unit repaired or replaced. Remember, NO SPACE HEATERS are permitted for use because they are a common cause of fires.
  • Class D fires (Metals) are generally seen in laboratory or industrial settings. As a fire prevention method, it is important to minimize storage.
  • Class F – Fire Extinguishers if use for Cooking oil and Fats
  • Generally, ABC combinations are used at to extinguish a wide variety of fires including: Combustibles, Flammable Liquids, and Electrical Fires. Class C extinguishers require the use of electrically nonconductive extinguishing media.
  • Different kinds of extinguishers are used for various media to put them out in case of a fire. Water is used for Class A combustibles. CO2 or Carbon Dioxide is used for Class B & C- flammable liquids and electrical fires. Dry Chemicals are used for Classes A, B, & C fires. Dry Powder is only used on Class D metals fires.
  • SPK Construction policy is to evacuate the area where a fire occurs. Do not attempt to fight a fire unless you have been trained to do so or it is your only means of escape. In order to operate a fire extinguisher, you must have the appropriate training. Training is coordinated with the Office of Environmental Health and Safety with the Facility Services Plumbing Shop. When using an extinguisher, remember to Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep.
  • All the fire extinguishers are hydrostatically tested approximately every 5 years. The inspection record is recorded on the tag hanging from the extinguisher.
  • Are you able to answer these questions regarding Emergency Evacuation Procedures for your facility?
  • Fire And Life Safety Awareness

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Importance of Evacuation Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes of Fires </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention and Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Strategy of Preventing a Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housekeeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precautions Against Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Types of Fire Extinguishers </li></ul><ul><li>How to use Fire Extinguishers </li></ul>
    3. 3. SPK HSE Policy: <ul><li>SPK Construction’s periodic drills will be held to ensure that </li></ul><ul><li>All employees know the appropriate action to take in case of </li></ul><ul><li>An emergency. The company will provide additional training, </li></ul><ul><li>awareness and frequent drills for employees with specific </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency response duties; and invite local emergency service </li></ul><ul><li>units to participate in training whenever possible. </li></ul>
    4. 4. There Is A What Do I Do? <ul><li>Upon discovering a fire, immediately sound the building fire alarm and/or alert other occupants. </li></ul><ul><li>From outside of the building: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Police – 999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambulance – 998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Defense – 997 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospital - +971 2 501 1111 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinic - +971 2 582 5581 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>From inside the area / building / office: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional HSSE Manager [Mr. Paul Goddard] - +971.50.664-8960 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project HSSE Manager [Mr. Muhamed Ismail] - +971.55.255-0826 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sr. HSSE Officer [Ms. Ellen Dale Bull] - +971.55.850-2965 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide your Name, Department and Location of the fire. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Notification System <ul><li>Public Address system (PA) </li></ul><ul><li>Alarm Pull Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Voice – call out fire, “Code Red” etc. </li></ul>An alarm system of one kind or the other must be in place to notify the staff and patients of a fire. This may include one or more of the following: Code Red
    6. 6. Means of Egress <ul><li>A continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel from a building or structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Egress must be unobstructed and unlocked while the structure is occupied. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>All exits must be clearly visible – no mirrors, curtains, or other camouflage. </li></ul><ul><li>All exits must be clearly illuminated with at least 5 candlepower. </li></ul>Emergency Exits <ul><li>Doors which may be mistaken as exits must be clearly labeled as “Not an Exit.” </li></ul>
    8. 8. Fire Doors <ul><ul><li>Door stops, wedges and other unapproved hold open devices are prohibited on fire doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swinging fire doors shall close from the full-open position and shall latch automatically </li></ul></ul>NO!!!
    9. 9. If evacuation is ordered, follow these procedures: <ul><li>Stay calm, do not rush, and do not panic. , </li></ul><ul><li>Safely stop your work. </li></ul><ul><li>Gather your personal belongings if it is safe to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>If safe, close your office door and window, but do not lock them. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the nearest safe stairs and proceed to the nearest exit. </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed to the designated Emergency Assembly Area (EAA) / Muster Points and report to your roll taker. </li></ul><ul><li>Wait for any instructions from emergency responders, HSE staffs. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not re-enter the building or work area until you have been instructed to do so by the emergency responders, police department, Fire department and / or HSE staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Notes: </li></ul><ul><li>Do not attempt to fight a fire unless it is your only means of escape. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not re-enter the building for any reason, not even to attempt a </li></ul><ul><li>rescue of an individual still inside the building. </li></ul>Emergency Procedures
    10. 10. RACE Method Of Evacuation <ul><li>R - Remove All Persons In Danger! </li></ul><ul><li>A - Always Pull The Alarm and Call 999 </li></ul><ul><li>[Police] </li></ul><ul><li>C - Contain The Fire By Closing the </li></ul><ul><li>Windows and Doors. </li></ul><ul><li>E - Extinguish the Fire Only if You Are </li></ul><ul><li>Trained and Competent. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Emergency Evacuation Plan <ul><li>All employees should have read the Emergency Evacuation Plan (EEP) and fully understand it. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to update Safety Representatives and contacts whenever a change is made. </li></ul><ul><li>The meeting locations should be away from any traffic areas that might be a danger. </li></ul><ul><li>Updated plans should be submitted annually to the Office of Environmental Health and Safety. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Emergency Evacuation Plan
    13. 13. <ul><li>All faculty and staff should must be aware on emergency evacuation plans and participate in scheduled drills. </li></ul><ul><li>This awareness should be updated annually and/or when staff or the facility changes. </li></ul>Awareness Training
    14. 14. Common Causes of Fires in an offices / building <ul><li>Electrical Malfunctions </li></ul><ul><li>Open Flames </li></ul><ul><li>Improper stacking of documents / records / files [paper works] </li></ul><ul><li>Sparks </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Improper waste of Cartridge Ink of Copier Machines </li></ul>                                              
    15. 15. Fire Prevention Goal <ul><li>Life Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The primary goal of fire safety efforts is to protect building occupants from injury and to prevent loss of life. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Property Protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The secondary goal of fire safety is to prevent property damage. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protection of Operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By preventing fires and limiting damage we can assure that work operations will continue. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. The Strategy of Preventing a Fire <ul><li>A fire must have three things to ignite and maintain combustion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The basic strategy of fire prevention is to control or isolate sources of fuel and heat in order to prevent combustion. </li></ul><ul><li>If all three are not present in sufficient quantities a fire will not ignite or a fire will not be able to sustain combustion </li></ul>
    17. 17. Housekeeping <ul><li>Good housekeeping habits are an important part of a safe workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is good housekeeping important? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To reduce amounts of flammable and combustible materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To reduce ignition hazards. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To ensure safe emergency evacuation of occupants. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To allow for quick emergency response. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Never block aisles, fire exits, emergency equipment, or alarm pull stations with equipment or materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep use and storage of flammables and combustibles to a minimum. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Precautions Against Fire <ul><li>Extension cords and flexible cords cannot be a substitute for permanent wiring. </li></ul><ul><li>Regularly inspect electrical cords for damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Use caution when working with open flames or hot surfaces. </li></ul>
    19. 19. General Electrical Safety <ul><li>Replace Damaged or Frayed Electrical Cords </li></ul><ul><li>Do Not Run Electrical Cords Through Doorways and Under Carpets </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Overloading Electrical Outlets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plug Only One High-Wattage Appliance into Each Receptacle at a Time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If Switches / Outlets Feel Warm – Contact Facilities Management ASAP </li></ul><ul><li>Appliances, Extension Cords, Power Strips, Surge Protectors – Certified By an Independent Testing Laboratory, Such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Underwriters Laboratories, CSA International, ETL Testing Laboratories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) Plugs Around Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test the GFCI Plug Every Month </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. How Does a Fire Work? <ul><li>Three components </li></ul><ul><li>Need all three components to start a fire </li></ul><ul><li>Fire extinguishers remove one or more of the components </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen is required as a catalyst – may come from the air OR from the fuel itself </li></ul><ul><li>Fire extinguishers are used to ‘extinguish’ one of the three components that allow the fire to exist. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Portable Fire Extinguishers <ul><li>Locate and identify extinguishers so that they are readily accessible. </li></ul><ul><li>Only approved extinguishers shall be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain extinguishers in a fully charged and operable condition. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Classification of Fires & Extinguishers Class A Fires <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Rags </li></ul><ul><li>Some rubber and plastic materials </li></ul>
    23. 23. Class B Fires <ul><li>Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Grease </li></ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Flammable Gases </li></ul><ul><li>Some rubber and plastic materials </li></ul>Classification of Fires & Extinguishers
    24. 24. Classification of Fires & Extinguishers Class C Fires <ul><li>Electrical Fires </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Office Equipment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Motors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Switchgear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heaters </li></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Classification of Fires & Extinguishers Class D Fires <ul><li>Metals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Titanium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sodium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zirconium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potassium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithium </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Classification of Fires & Extinguishers Class F Fires <ul><li>Cooking Oil and Fats </li></ul>
    27. 27. Multi-Class Ratings <ul><li>There are several types of multi-class extinguishers: A-B, B-C, or A-B-C. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure the correct extinguisher is provided for the hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, ABC combinations are used at to extinguish a wide variety of fires including: Combustibles, Flammable Liquids, and Electrical Fires. </li></ul>                                   NOT for Electrical Equipment fires
    28. 28. Different Kinds of Extinguishers <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All Purpose Water </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Dioxide </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-Purpose Dry Chemical </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dry Powder </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foam </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Dry Powder Water Carbon Dioxide Foam
    29. 29. How to Use an Extinguisher P: Pull the pin. A: Aim extinguisher nozzle at the base of the flame. S: Squeeze trigger while holding the extinguisher upright. S: Sweep the extinguisher from side to side, covering the area with the extinguisher agent. P A S S
    30. 30. <ul><ul><ul><li>Visually inspected monthly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintained annually </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrostatically tested periodically (5 or 12 yrs.) </li></ul></ul></ul>Fire Extinguishers <ul><ul><li>Inspection, Maintenance and Testing </li></ul></ul>Fire extinguishers on SPK Construction are maintained by Facilities Services via the HSSE Department.
    31. 31. Partnership with GFR <ul><li>Pre-fire planning </li></ul><ul><li>Campus building surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Training / Education </li></ul><ul><li>Authority having jurisdiction is the State Dept. of Insurance, Office of State Fire Marshal. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Do You Know??? <ul><li>Where is the nearest fire alarm pull station? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the nearest fire extinguisher? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the primary and secondary exits? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the primary and secondary designated meeting locations? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the emergency procedures manual? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your specific role in patient evacuation and emergency equipment shut-off? </li></ul>
    33. 33. Questions and Comments <ul><li>BEST - BE Safe Today </li></ul>