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9 - Urban Change And Challenges


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9 - Urban Change And Challenges

  1. 1. Urban Change and Challenges How is Bratislava changing and why?
  2. 2. You should be able to; <ul><li>Describe and give reasons for the main urban processes that shape urban change in both MEDCs and LEDCs </li></ul><ul><li>Outline the opportunities associated with these changes and the problems caused by them </li></ul><ul><li>Think about managements strategies that can be used to address the problems linked to urban change </li></ul><ul><li>Identify specific places within Rio and Bratislava that are examples of the processes being considered. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rural to urban migration Natural change Counter-urbanisation Re-urbanisation Suburbanisation Urbanisation Urban Processes and Change Bratislava Case Study Rio de Janeiro Case Study
  4. 4. People are pushed from the rural areas and pulled (or attracted) to the urban areas. Urban Pull Rural Push
  5. 5. Natural Change Once people arrive in the cities they keep many of the traditional behaviours they had in the countryside. What is birth rate like in rural areas? How does this affect urban growth when people move to cities?
  6. 6. Urbanisation A growth in the percentage of people living in urban areas. The world is now approximately evenly split, 50% rural, 50% urban. But its changing; BBC Urbanisation Clock
  7. 7. Suburbanization As urban areas grow problems develop – brainstorm problems and think of specific place examples within Bratislava. These problems drive people away from the traditional inner city locations to the suburbs – the early stages of urban sprawl.
  8. 8. Suburbs – What are the benefits of the suburbs – why were people attracted there?
  9. 9. Counter-Urbanisation Of course, as more and more people move to the suburbs similar problems develop – lack of space, traffic, etc. This pushes people into the rural-urban fringe , and beyond into satellite settlements . Such growth often takes place on what are termed green-field sites .
  10. 10. What land use would we find on the rural-urban fringe – any examples on the edge of Bratislava? What are the advantages of the rural-urban fringe? What problems and issues are linked with growth on the rural urban fringe?
  11. 11. Satellite villages (also know as suburbanized villages, or dormitory towns) Can you name any examples within our local area? What will the land use be? What are the benefits of satellite villages? What problems does urban growth into these areas create?
  12. 12. Re-urbanisation As older areas of the city (often called brown-field sites ) get regenerated, redeveloped or renewed people move back into urban areas. There are many advantages of living and working in the city – can you think of any? Can you name examples of such development within Bratislava? Before After